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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

y the heretics called

y the heretics called Rufâ’îs have nothing to do with Islam. Rites of this sort were prohibited by Muslim states. As it is written in various books, such as in Fatâwâ-i-hadîthiyya, in the final part of the two hundred and sixty-sixth letter in Mektûbât, in Hadîqa and in Berîqa, there is a fatwâ [1] stating that such rites are harâm (forbidden by Islam). Islam is not based on games, music, magic, or feats of skill. Ahmad ibni Kemâl Efendi ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ [d. 940 (1534 C.E.)], one of the great scholars who occupied the rank of Shaikhul-Islâm (Chief of Religious Affairs) in the Ottoman State, makes the following observation in his book Al-Munîra: “What is principally incumbent on a shaikh (a spiritual leader) and on his murîds (disciples) is to adapt themselves to the Sharî’at, which consists of the commandments and prohibitions of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Our Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated, ‘If you see a person flying in the air or walking on the surface of the sea or putting pieces of fire into his mouth and swallowing them, and yet if his words and deeds are incompatible with the Sharî’at, know him as a magician, a liar, and a heretic misguiding people!’ ” The true Islamic religion communicated by the scholars of Ahl as- Sunna ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’ is far from all sorts of superstition and responsive to common sense. Islam’s Holy Book is the Qur’ân al-kerîm. The Qur’ân al-kerîm commands that only Allâhu ta’âlâ should be worshipped and teaches that the manner of this worship is prescribed by Him, alone. They are the most elegant, the most dignified, the most salutary acts of worship which befit a slave best. According to the teaching of the Qur’ân alkerîm, all Muslims are equal in the view of Allâhu ta’âlâ. The only grounds whereon a Muslim can have superiority on another are taqwâ and knowledge. Taqwâ means to fear Allâhu ta’âlâ. The thirteenth âyat of Hujurât Sûra of the Qur’ân al-kerîm purports, “The most valuable and the most virtuous of you in the view of Allâhu ta’âlâ is the one who fears Allâhu ta’âlâ most.” Compulsion in converting people to Islam takes place only as a prohibition in the Qur’ân al-kerîm. Jihâd (Holy War) is made to communicate Islam, not to make people Believers. Qur’ân alkerîm commands always to show mercy and compassion to [1] An explanation given by an Islamic scholar as an answer to Muslims’ questions. The sources whereon the fatwâ is based have to be appended to it. – 244 –

people. People who flout these commandments have no ties with Islam. There are still passages containing the commandments of Allâhu ta’âlâ in today’s Holy Bible. These passages, like the Qur’ân al-kerîm, advise to treat people with compassion. The Islamic scholars acknowledge that the Pentateuchal and Biblical passages that are in agreement with the Qur’ân al-kerîm are the Words of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Nasrâniyyat, the original form of Christianity, was a religion commanding belief in the Unity of Allah. The dogma of Trinity, or Tripartite Godhead, was the result of misinterpretation which provided opportune material for Jews to play upon in their activities to demolish Nasrâniyyat. Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’ advised, “And unto him that smiteth thee on the one cheek offer also the other; ..,” (Luke: 6-29) and invoked a blessing on his persecuters, saying, “... Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do. ...” (ibid: 23-34) While both religions communicate mercy and compassion, and while both of them are based on patience and goodwill, why is all this enmity and cruelty against each other through the centuries? These savageries and cruelties are unilateral, and they have always been perpetrated by Christians, who acknowledge this fact. The aforesaid horrendous events have been derived from literature written by Christian priests and Christian historians. There might be some justification for scepticism if we had obtained this information from books written by Islamic scholars. How long did these cruelties against Muslims continue? Let us refer to foreign sources to see how long these cruelties and the tribunals called Inquisition continued. According to European sources, the tribunals of Inquisition continued for six long centuries, from 578 [1183 C.E.] to 1222 [1807 C.E.], and in those hideous tribunals, which had branches in Italy, in Spain and in France, an untold number of people were unjustly slaughtered, burned, or tortured to death either in the name of religion or for the sake of priests’ personal interests or because they had propounded new ideas. The Jewish and Muslim populations in Spain suffered from those tribunals until their complete extirpation was accomplished, whereupon the Spanish King Ferdinand V [d. 922 (1516 C.E.)], who had sentenced his own son to death in these tribunals, voiced his pride by saying, “There are no Muslims or other irreligious people left in Spain now.” The tribunals of Inquisition, which – 245 –

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