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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

idolaters said: ‘Erect

idolaters said: ‘Erect a building and throw him from there into the fire.’ But, when they built it and Hadrat Ibrâhîm was thrown from there into the fire, the fire became a flower garden.’ As it is told, the fire became a pond with a lot of fish in it. The fish were created from wood. This fact is declared in the Qur’ân al-kerîm (Sûra Anbiya 68-69): “Do something if you can, be helpful towards our gods” they said. We said: “O, fire! Be cool and harmless towards Ibrâhîm. They sought to lay a snare for him, but they themselves were ruined.” The name Nimrod is not in the Qur’ân al-kerîm, but the name Nimrod is in the Torah (the “Old Testament” section of the Bible). Today there is a pond named “Ayn-i Zalîka” or “Halîlurrahmân.” It is fifty by thirty square metres in the city of Urfa. This pond is considered to be the place where Hadrat Ibrâhîm was thrown into the fire, and where the fish in the pond are believed to have been created out of wood. Visitors to the pond never harm them. Hadrat Ibrâhîm got married twice. Even though his first wife Sarah (Sâra) was seventy years old, she had no children. Upon this, Hadrat Ibrâhîm (’alaihi ’s-salâm’) married a jâriya, named Hajar (Hagar) who was given to him as a present by the pharaoh of Egypt. He had a son from her named Ismâ’îl. Upon this Sarah prayed to Allâhu ta’âlâ to give her a child, too. Allâhu ta’âlâ granted her a child. The name Ishaq was given to him. Ismâ’îl (’alaihi ’s-salâm) and Ishaq (’alaihi ’s-salâm) are the forefathers of the Arabs in Arabia (Hejaz), and the Hebrews, respectively. That is, the Arabs and the Hebrews (Jews) are brothers coming from the same father but different mothers. Ibrâhîm (’alaihi’ssalâm) is one of the grandfathers of Muhammad (’alaihi’ssalâm). Ibrâhîm (’alaihi ’s-salâtu wassalâm) became a prophet at the age of ninety. He preached monotheism. The interpretative meaning of the sixty-seventh verse of Chapter Âl-i-’Imrân in the Qur’ân al-kerîm is: “Hadrat Ibrâhîm is neither a Jew nor a Christian. He is “hanîf” which means the one who turned towards the right, and a “muslim”, that is, the one who gave himself up to Him.” The Prophet who conveyed the fundamentals of Judaism is Hadrat Moses. Moses (Mûsâ [’alaihi’s-salâm]) was born about 1705 years before Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’ in the city of Memphis, Egypt. Since there are different tales about his date of birth, it is not clearly known which pharaoh was reigning in Egypt during that time. Since Pharaoh had a dream wherein he saw that a boy – 266 –

who would be born in that year would kill him, he ordered his men to kill all the boys born in that year. That is why Hadrat Moses’ mother left her son on the Nile river by putting him into a coffer [wooden case], while praying to Allâhu ta’âlâ to keep him safe. This coffer, with the boy in it, was found by Pharaoh’s wife. The boy was seen by Paharaoh, too. But, when Paharoh and his wife saw the wooden case on the river his wife made a proposal suggesting: “If there is a living thing in that coffer let it be mine, if property, it will be yours. Okay?” Since this was accepted by him, he did not bring any harm unto the baby. The name Mûsâ means “saved from water.” Christians call him “Moses” or “Mois.” Hadrat Mûsâ’s mother managed to have herself employed in Pharaoh’s palace as a wet nurse for the boy. As a result, she was able to raise her own son. When he was forty, he heard that he had relatives. He left the palace in order to live with them. He met his brother Hârûn (’alaihi ’s-salâm), who was three years younger than him. Mûsâ (’alaihi ’s-salâm) revolted against Pharaoh after seeing the unfair treatment he meted out towards the Hebrews. Mûsâ (’alaihi’s-salâm) strove to protect them. One day, an Egyptian kâfir (disbeliever) was torturing a Jew. While Musa was trying to save the Jew, the Egyptian [Coptic] died. In fact, Mûsâ had only wanted to prevent the torture. Upon this, he had to immigrate from Egypt. He moved to the city of Madyan. There, he served Shu’aib (’alaihi ’ssalâm) for ten years. He married his daughter, Safûrâr (Tsippore). Ten years later, Mûsâ (’alaihi ’s-salâm) returned to Egypt. On his way to Egypt, he went up to Mount Tur. There he heard the word of Allâhu ta’âlâ. At that moment, he was given risâlat (prophethood). Also, the fact that Allâhu ta’âlâ is One, that Pharaoh is not a god, and many other things were revealed to him. Then, he went to Pharaoh in Egypt. He invited him to believe in One God. He wanted freedom for the Banî Israel, but Pharaoh rejected. Pharaoh became extremely angry with him. He said: “Mûsâ is a great magician. He wants to seize power over our country by means of his tricks. “He then asked for the opinions of his viziers. They advised him saying, “Collect the magicians. Ask them to beat Mûsâ.” The magicians were collected, and the Egyptian people gathered to see what would happen. Those magicians put the ropes in their hands on the ground. All the ropes turned into snakes and began to move towards Mûsâ (’alaihi ’s-salâm). But when Hadrat Mû’sâ threw the rod in his hand on the ground, it became a very big snake and – 267 –

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