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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

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(verses) and hadîths, they followed (depended) only on ijtihâds given by the Prophet Muhammad (sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam) and his Sahâba (companions). They rejected the ancient philosophers’ opinions that were contrary to Islam; thereby they protected Islam from being corrupted as Christianity had been. But, ignorant religious men gave themselves up to such philosophers thinking that their every word was true. Thus, a corrupt creed was formed in Islam called “Mu’tazila.” Our Prophet (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) revealed that seventy-two corrupt creeds would appear in Islam. Some philosophers, inspired by Greek, Indian, Persian and Latin philosophies, such as Ibni Sînâ, Fârâbî, Ibni Tufayl, Ibni Rushd, and Ibni Bâce appeared. They deviated in some matters from the true way of the Qur’ân alkerîm. Ibni Khaldun [1] divided Islamic knowledge into two parts, namely, “Ulûm-i Nakliyya” [Tafsîr, qirâat, hadîth, Fiqh, Farâiz, Kalâm, Tasavvuf] and Ulûm-i akliyya [Logic, Physics, Nature, Chemistry, Maths, Geometry, Measurement, Munâzara, Astronomy]. The first group is called “Religious Knowledge.” A few of the branches in the second group, which can be understood by experimentation, are called “Scientific knowledge.” Imâm-i Muhammad Ghazâlî (rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ) struggled against the ancient Greeks. He examined Greek philosophy and rejected those ideas he did not agree with. The philosophy which was mixed with Islamic beliefs during the era of Hârûn Rashid (rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ) had been the guide for some philosophers, such as Montesquieu and Spinoza. They openly confessed that they were under the influence of Fârâbî, whose philosophy was called “Farabius.” Imâm-i Ghazâlî (rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ) struggled against members of the Dai faction of the Shiite sect, which was the first of the seventy-two deviated sects to appear. According to the philosophy of the Dâî’s, the Qur’ân al-kerîm has two aspects, namely, the inner aspect (bâtinî [invisible]) and the outer aspect (zâhirî [visible]). They called themselves “the batinî group.” Imâm-i Ghazâlî (rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ) easily disproved their philosophy. After they had been defeated, they deviated from Islam more and more by giving false meanings to the âyats (verses) and Hadîth-i sherîfs whose meanings were not clear. At last, they became “Mulhids” (heretics). Futhermore, since they were also politically active, they became intolerable and a great [1] Ibni Khaldun passed away in 808 (1406 A.D.) – 304 –

nuisance for the “Ahl-i Sunnat” Muslims (the true Muslims). The Shiites mixed the Islamic religion with a new philosophy and claimed themselves to be followers of Hadrat Alî (’radiy- Allâhu ’anh). Afterwards different branches of Shiism appeared. A group called Khawârij claimed themselves to be the followers of Hadrat Alî, but later they became his enemy. According to their philosophy “A Muslim who commits a grave sin becomes a disbeliever.” That is why they claim that Hadrat Alî and Hadrat Muawiya (radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ anhumâ) are kâfirun (disbelievers). Later, a new belief appeared contradicting this idea. They depended only on their logic and said, “Man cannot make a judgement in this world about a Muslim who commits a grave sin, such as killing another Muslim. A judgement concerning them will be given in the hereafter by Allâhu ta’âlâ. Because of this, this group of people are neither Muslim nor kafir (disbeliever).” The followers of this new philosophy were called “Mu’tazila.” Another philosophy springing from Shiism appeared with the name “Gâliya,” which means “exaggerators.” They claim that Paradise and Hell are on the earth. They are completely kâfîrûn (disbelievers). No relation is there between them and the religion of Islam. The enemies who wanted to demolish Islam from within formed new corrupt groups, by disguising themselves under the name of Islam. The Bahâî, Qâdiânî and Tablîgh-i Jamâ’at are the most notorious groups. 1- BAHAÎS: Their chief is a Persian named Albâb ’Alî. He used to call himself a mirror. He used to say, Allah is seen in this mirror. When he died, Bahâullah and then Bahaullah’s son, Abbâs, became their chief. When Abbâs died in 1339 (1921 A.D.), his son Shawqî took his place. Bahâullah used to say that he was a prophet. According to them, nineteen is a sacred number. Every sort of immorality is considered an honour. They have many books in different languages. They know how to deceive people very easily. 2- QÂDIÂNÎS: These are also called ‘Ahmadî’. M. Abû Zuhra, a professor at Jami-ul-azhar, says, “Mirzâ Ahmad, founder of the Qâdiânism died in 1326 (1908 A.D.). He was buried in Qadian town near Lahore. They say, “Îsâ (alaihi’s-salâm) came to Kashmîr after escaping from the Jews. He died in Kashmîr.” They call Ahmad Qâdianî a Prophet.” They say, “The Qur’ân al-kerîm reveals that Jews and Christians are good people. Therefore, it is an act of worship to love the British.” They say, “The – 305 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    PART: ONE ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY PR

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    BELIEF IN ALLAH’S EXISTENCE The y

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    a sound-producing machine used toda

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    cannot say, “So it has been, and

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    PROPHETS, RELIGIONS, and BOOKS When

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    of those great religious scholars w

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    “Allah’s slave.” Therefore, d

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    expected the true Messiah (Mesîh)

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    liveth, I am not able to forgive si

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    conversion of sinners. He turned to

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    to the truth. He will not utter his

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    After Christianity had become the o

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    of England, Richard the Lion-Hearte

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    Circle: “In the Second World War

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    these iterations will bore us, but

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    To learn the details of these worsh

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    me a desire to throw myself into th

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    marrying four women is wâjib (a st

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    disobedience or opposition, these o

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    passed away in 1332 [1914]. His boo

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    The first requirement is to break t

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    written by Rahmatullah Effendi, [1]

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    the same time a great source of con

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    Allâhu ’alaihi wa-sallam) comman

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    to Bâb-i Âli with a coffin with t

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    the harm of an average ignorant cit

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    scientists. The writings fabricated

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    As for today, foreigners who travel

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    cruelty, and various diseases were

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    try to annoy them, they respond wit

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    12. In this world and in the Hereaf

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    efore the part entitled ‘Ihtiqâr

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    Allâhu teâlâ and beg Him. This r

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    As it is communicated in a hadith a

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    Abû Muhammad Jerîrî’s statemen

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    e forgiven. This will go on until t

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    19. As hot water melts ice, so a go

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    the author of the long letter above

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    ta’âlâ’s individuality, His a

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    We should not regard people of othe

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    PART TWO QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM and TO

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    Istanbul, proves with sound documen

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    All worldly existence is transient,

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    Qur’ân al-kerîm, is the true Bo

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    some people, some of them are narra

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    sallam’, will come after me, and

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    had a say in the various branches o

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    which was changed from, “For God

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    interpolations today’s books of t

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    e the ‘Word of Allah’ from 1020

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    Bible’ in London in 1970, makes t

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    had to admit, though tacitly.” No

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    the latter. The forty thousand hors

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    esurrection, and went into the holy

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    such as Âdam, Nûh, and Ibrâhîm

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    As is pointed out on the five hundr

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    words. According to the Bible, when

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    miracle. Jesus did not answer. He l

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    The advent of Muhammad ‘alaihis-s

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    9) The discourse of the Holy Bible

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    For Muslims are strongly adherent t

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    an educational system, Muslims perf

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    the decorated cart on which it rode

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    learned from the Qur’ân al-kerî

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    THE QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM It is writt

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    part of our book. On the other hand

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    something wrong.” This hadîth-i-

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    Allâhu ’anhâ’ to make him lie

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    EXTRAORDINARY QUALITIES such as HON

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    THINGS OF WHICH THEY HAVE NO KNOWLE

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    And doing all those experimentation

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    “Muhammad’s ‘alaihis-salâm

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    “The Islamic religion allows men

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    People of the Book and the Believer

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    themselves first. Then they relieve

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    called Hawâriyyûn (Apostles, or d

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    Qur’ân [which is the Guidance] a

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    MIRACLES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    contained in the Torah, in the Bibl

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    8- There was a date stump in the Ma

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    16- Someone inadvertently stepped o

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    children ate the honey for months.

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    father ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’

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    ’anh’, (who was the Khalîfa at

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    knowledge of the Qur’ân al-kerim

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    unfortunate man had recourse to lyi

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    clouds and Erbed and his camel ware

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    caught the devil with his blessed h

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    seventy thousand angels attended th

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    VIRTUES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    21- He saw in the dark as well as i

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    said) at times of trouble or melanc

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    49- Instead of demanding position o

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    other words, it is one of the basic

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    Rising Day.” The two blessed citi

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    79- Angels hear the people reciting

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    shall enter Paradise. Sixth, he sha

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    Rasûlullah said he would supply th

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    easily go in and talk with him. 21-

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    sheep without keeping a single head

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    ig nor too small; it was three and

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    handful long. And it is wâjib to d

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    PART THREE ISLAM and OTHER RELIGION

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    Turkish liras according to today’

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    protects him against the fire of He

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    ISLAM IS NOT A RELIGION OF SAVAGERY

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    conquered Iran, Syria, a part of An

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    not to do after all their abominati

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    efore thee, and bring thee in unto

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    Gratianus, after a consultation wit

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    their co-religionists, the Byzantin

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    Târiq bin Ziyâd ‘rahima-hullâh

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    all of them were lit in the nights

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    cruelty. The name of the mosque in

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    Allâma Fadl-i-Haqq was martyred in

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    [Misguiding Muslims’ children wit

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    preserve their debts on sea or land

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    saw the justice and mercy in Muslim

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    nothing to do with civilization.

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    explanation of the Qur’ân but in

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    men’s feet so that they should re

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    people. People who flout these comm

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    Revolution in 1917, all over the wo

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    MUSLIMS ARE NOT IGNORANT One point

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    forfeit the industry and the trade

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  • Page 281 and 282: The RELIGION of CHRISTIANITY Îsâ
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  • Page 307 and 308: worship in one’s spare time.” P
  • Page 309 and 310: Arûs” (the nuptial night). There
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  • Page 315 and 316: But the provision of thy Lord is be
  • Page 317 and 318: Sûra Mujâdila 9-10: “Ye who bel
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  • Page 329 and 330: SYMPTOMS OF A TRUE MUSLIM The first
  • Page 331 and 332: GLOSSARY Entries related to Tasawwu
  • Page 333 and 334: endeavouring to understand the hidd
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