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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

Ma’rifat-i ilâhiyya

Ma’rifat-i ilâhiyya means to know the attributes of Allâhu ta’âlâ. It is impossible for a human being to know His Personality. Our Prophet (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) said: “Do not think about the Personality of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Think about His blessings.” That is, we should not think about what Allâhu ta’âlâ is, but about His attributes and His blessings granted to humanity. Once he said: “When you think about the Personality of Allâhu ta’âlâ, whatever comes to your mind is not Allah.” The capacity and the ability of a man’s wisdom is limited. He cannot understand the things beyond this limit. If he thinks about them he will err. He cannot attain the truth. Human wisdom and thought can not understand the secrets and the intricacies of religious knowledge. That is why the people who mixed philosophy with religious knowledge deviated from the true path shown by Islam and thereby became “heretical people” or “renegades.” Heretical people are not kâfirûn (disbelievers); they are Muslims. But they have deviated from the right way, and they have become one of the seventy two heretical groups. Since these victims of philosophy are Muslims, their false misinterpretation of the Qur’ân al-kerîm does not cause them to become disbelievers. We should think like this: “There is nothing in the name of Islamic philosophy. There are some people who have mixed philosophy with Islam.” According to the Ahl-i Sunna scholars, the source of Islamic knowledge is muhkam âyats (the ones with clear meanings) and hadîths, not human wisdom or human thought. The basis of “Tasawwuf” is to know yourself (to know your own weakness and inefficiency). Tasawwuf is also based on love of Allah, sublime love. This can be attained only by adapting one’s self to Muhammad (’alaihi ’ssalâm). When someone is advancing on the path of Tasawwuf, numerous events occur in his heart. One of them is “wahdat-i wujûd,” that is: “Existent is One; creatures are the appearance of Allah.” Yes, as it is revealed in the Qur’ân al-kerîm, Allâhu ta’âlâ manifests Himself in the hearts of humanity. But, this manifestation is only the manifestation of His attributes. It has no connection with wisdom. Men of Tasawwuf feel the manifestation of Allâhu ta’âlâ in their hearts. That is why death is not a disaster for them, but something nice and sweet. It means returning back to Allâhu ta’âlâ; it causes them to be happy. Mevlânâ Celâleddîn Rûmî [1] (rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ), a great mutasawwuf (a great man of Tasawwuf), called death “Shab-i [1] Celâleddîn-i Rûmî passed away in Konya in 672 (1273 A.D.) – 308 –

Arûs” (the nuptial night). There is no sorrow or hopelessness in the way of Tasawwuf. There is love and manifestations only. Mevlânâ says: “Our gate is not the gate of hopeless people.” His original words are: “Bâzâ, Bâzâ, Her ançe hestî, Bâzâ” (Come, Come, whomever you are come, come even if you are a dualist, a Zoroastrian or an idolater. Here is not the gate of hopelessness. Come here even if you broke your vow a hundred times.) There are some great Awliyâ (saints) among the men of Tasawwuf, such as Imâm-i Rabbânî, Junaid-i Baghdâdî, Abdulqâdir-i Geylânî, Mevlânâ Celâleddîn-i Rûmî and some lovers of Allah such as Sultan Weled, Yûnus Emre, Mawlâna Hâlid of Baghdad. “Vahdat-i Vujûd” is not the aim or the last step of Tasawwuf. But, this is the inspiration which comes to the hearts of those on the way to the real purpose, which has no connection with wisdom, thought or materialism. They are not in the heart, but they are manifested in the heart. That is why it is better to say “vahdat-i shuhûd” instead of “vahdat-i vujûd.” When human heart is purified it becomes like a mirror. Those things manifested in the heart are not the Personality of Allâhu ta’âlâ. They are not even His attributes either. They are the shades, images of His attributes. Allâhu ta’âlâ has granted human beings some attributes similar to His own real attributes, such as Sam (Hearing), Basar (seeing), Ilm (Omniscience). The ones granted by Him are not the same as His own attributes. His seeing is eternal, everlasting. He continuously sees everything. He sees without any means, tools. Human sight is not like this. That is why His seeing is the real seeing. We say that human seeing is an image, the shade of that real seeing. As the shade of His seeing or hearing manifests itself through human eyes, or ears, respectively, likewise, shades of His many attributes, such as His loving, His knowing are manifested in human hearts. As the eyes should not be ailing or diseased in order to see, it is necessary for the heart not to be ill in order to attain those manifestations. The medicine needed to cure the heart is made of three things. They are having a true belief as taught by the Ahl-as- Sunna scholars, worshipping, and avoiding (abstaining) from things prohibited. Sad to say, those who do not know what the Islamic religion or Tasawwuf is use the religion as a means for obtaining worldly benefits. Mixing paths of Tasawwuf, and even acts of worship, with music in order to add them a mystic air, as it were, these impostors have turned religious rites into dancing to the rhythms of musical instruments, [like in the Mevlevi – 309 –

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    PART: ONE ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY PR

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    BELIEF IN ALLAH’S EXISTENCE The y

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    a sound-producing machine used toda

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    cannot say, “So it has been, and

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    PROPHETS, RELIGIONS, and BOOKS When

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    of those great religious scholars w

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    “Allah’s slave.” Therefore, d

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    expected the true Messiah (Mesîh)

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    liveth, I am not able to forgive si

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    conversion of sinners. He turned to

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    to the truth. He will not utter his

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    After Christianity had become the o

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    of England, Richard the Lion-Hearte

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    Circle: “In the Second World War

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    these iterations will bore us, but

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    To learn the details of these worsh

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    me a desire to throw myself into th

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    marrying four women is wâjib (a st

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    disobedience or opposition, these o

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    passed away in 1332 [1914]. His boo

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    The first requirement is to break t

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    written by Rahmatullah Effendi, [1]

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    the same time a great source of con

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    Allâhu ’alaihi wa-sallam) comman

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    to Bâb-i Âli with a coffin with t

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    the harm of an average ignorant cit

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    scientists. The writings fabricated

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    As for today, foreigners who travel

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    cruelty, and various diseases were

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    try to annoy them, they respond wit

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    12. In this world and in the Hereaf

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    efore the part entitled ‘Ihtiqâr

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    Allâhu teâlâ and beg Him. This r

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    As it is communicated in a hadith a

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    Abû Muhammad Jerîrî’s statemen

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    e forgiven. This will go on until t

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    19. As hot water melts ice, so a go

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    the author of the long letter above

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    ta’âlâ’s individuality, His a

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    We should not regard people of othe

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    PART TWO QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM and TO

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    Istanbul, proves with sound documen

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    All worldly existence is transient,

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    Qur’ân al-kerîm, is the true Bo

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    some people, some of them are narra

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    sallam’, will come after me, and

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    had a say in the various branches o

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    which was changed from, “For God

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    interpolations today’s books of t

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    e the ‘Word of Allah’ from 1020

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    Bible’ in London in 1970, makes t

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    had to admit, though tacitly.” No

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    the latter. The forty thousand hors

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    esurrection, and went into the holy

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    such as Âdam, Nûh, and Ibrâhîm

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    As is pointed out on the five hundr

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    words. According to the Bible, when

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    miracle. Jesus did not answer. He l

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    The advent of Muhammad ‘alaihis-s

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    9) The discourse of the Holy Bible

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    For Muslims are strongly adherent t

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    an educational system, Muslims perf

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    the decorated cart on which it rode

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    learned from the Qur’ân al-kerî

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    THE QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM It is writt

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    part of our book. On the other hand

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    something wrong.” This hadîth-i-

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    Allâhu ’anhâ’ to make him lie

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    EXTRAORDINARY QUALITIES such as HON

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    THINGS OF WHICH THEY HAVE NO KNOWLE

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    And doing all those experimentation

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    “Muhammad’s ‘alaihis-salâm

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    “The Islamic religion allows men

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    People of the Book and the Believer

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    themselves first. Then they relieve

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    called Hawâriyyûn (Apostles, or d

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    Qur’ân [which is the Guidance] a

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    MIRACLES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    contained in the Torah, in the Bibl

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    8- There was a date stump in the Ma

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    16- Someone inadvertently stepped o

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    children ate the honey for months.

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    father ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’

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    ’anh’, (who was the Khalîfa at

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    knowledge of the Qur’ân al-kerim

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    unfortunate man had recourse to lyi

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    clouds and Erbed and his camel ware

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    caught the devil with his blessed h

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    seventy thousand angels attended th

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    VIRTUES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    21- He saw in the dark as well as i

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    said) at times of trouble or melanc

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    49- Instead of demanding position o

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    other words, it is one of the basic

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    Rising Day.” The two blessed citi

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    79- Angels hear the people reciting

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    shall enter Paradise. Sixth, he sha

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    Rasûlullah said he would supply th

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    easily go in and talk with him. 21-

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    sheep without keeping a single head

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    ig nor too small; it was three and

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    handful long. And it is wâjib to d

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    PART THREE ISLAM and OTHER RELIGION

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    Turkish liras according to today’

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    protects him against the fire of He

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    ISLAM IS NOT A RELIGION OF SAVAGERY

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    conquered Iran, Syria, a part of An

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    not to do after all their abominati

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    efore thee, and bring thee in unto

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    Gratianus, after a consultation wit

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    their co-religionists, the Byzantin

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    Târiq bin Ziyâd ‘rahima-hullâh

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    all of them were lit in the nights

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    cruelty. The name of the mosque in

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    Allâma Fadl-i-Haqq was martyred in

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    [Misguiding Muslims’ children wit

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    preserve their debts on sea or land

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    saw the justice and mercy in Muslim

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    nothing to do with civilization.

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    explanation of the Qur’ân but in

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    men’s feet so that they should re

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    people. People who flout these comm

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    Revolution in 1917, all over the wo

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    MUSLIMS ARE NOT IGNORANT One point

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    forfeit the industry and the trade

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    first experience with figures was i

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    Shûrâ Sûra of the Qur’ân al-k

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  • Page 317 and 318: Sûra Mujâdila 9-10: “Ye who bel
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  • Page 329 and 330: SYMPTOMS OF A TRUE MUSLIM The first
  • Page 331 and 332: GLOSSARY Entries related to Tasawwu
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