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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

To believe that Hadrat

To believe that Hadrat Muhammad (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) is Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Prophet means to believe that all the commandments and prohibitions written in the Qur’ân al-kerîm, which he communicated, are Allâhu ta’âlâ’s commandments and prohibitions. If a person who so believes does not obey some of these commandments, he does not lose his îman (belief); that is, he does not become a non-Muslim. However, if he does not feel sorrow over disobeying even one of them, but instead boasts about this state of his, he will not have believed in the Prophet; he will lose his îmân and become a kâfir (disbeliever). If his head hangs in shame and his heart feels broken for his improper actions against Allâhu ta’âlâ’s commandments, it becomes clear that his îman (faith) is firm. The following gives an account of the fundamentals of Islam: Various rites, reforms and numerous feasts have no place in Islam and holy days are very few. Islam holds it essential for people to lead an honest and chaste life, but to enjoy life at the same time. It allots only a short time for worship. Committing one’s heart completely to Allâhu ta’âlâ while worshipping is essential. Worships are done not as customs, but for entering the presence of Allâhu ta’âlâ, for thanking and calling upon Him with all one’s heart and soul. Allâhu ta’âlâ does not accept a worship done for ostentation. In the Sûra Mâ’ûn, the Qur’ân al-kerîm states: “O! My Messenger! Have you seen someone who denies the Judgement, puts the orphan aside with harshness, does not promote feeding the needy? There will be a very severe torment for worshippers who are heedless of their prayers, who like to be seen at worship, and who do not give the right of the poor (zakât).” Islam’s holy book is the QUR’ÂN AL KERÎM. The Qur’ân alkerîm was revealed by Allâhu ta’âlâ to Hadrat Muhammad (sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) and was communicated to the Sahâbat al-kirâm by him. While the Qur’ân al-kerîm was being revealed, it was also being recorded with great care, and survives even today; none of its words has been defiled. No other religious book is as eloquent as the Qur’ân al-kerîm. It has the same clarity and eloquence today that it had fourteen centuries ago. Goethe (1749-1832), one of the world’s most famous literary men, writes about the Qur’ân al-kerîm in his work West-East Divan: [1] “The Qur’ân contains many iterations, and we feel as if [1] German name of its original is West-Ostlicher Dîvân. – 30 –

these iterations will bore us, but when we read on, gradually the book begins to attract us. Then it carries us to admiration and eventually to reverence.” Besides Goethe, many other famous thinkers have felt admiration for the Qur’ân al-kerîm. Let’s quote some of them. Prof. Edouard Monté says: “The Qur’ân al-kerîm is the book that tells of Allah’s oneness in the most clear, most sublime, most sacred and most convincing language, which can be surpassed by no other religious book.” Dr. Maurice, who translated the Qur’ân al-kerîm into French, says: “The Qur’ân al-kerîm is the most beautiful of the religious books bestowed upon mankind.” Gaston Karr says: “The Qur’ân al-kerîm which is the source of Islam, contains all the principles of modern civilization. This is such a clear fact that, today, we have to believe that our civilization is established on the fundamental principles of the Qur’ân.” Islam is founded on the basis of physical and spiritual cleanliness. It accumulates in itself all the overt and covert merits of all the former religions. There are five principles, religious precepts, which those who have been converted to Islam, that is, all Muslims have to do: The first is to believe in one Allâhu ta’âlâ and that Hadrat Muhammad (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallâm) is His Prophet and created slave; the second is to perform salât (prayer), as prescribed by Islam; the third is to fast; the fourth is to go on hajj (pilgrimage); the last one is to pay zakât, a special kind of yearly charity paid by the rich to poor Muslims. Performing prayer (salât) is a religious rite done five times a day in their prescribed times. Before beginning the prayer it is necessary to make an ablution, which mainly consists of washing the hands, the face, the arms, and the feet. Several prayers can be performed with one ablution, the ablution has been broken for one of the reasons, (which, too, are prescribed by Islam). Praying five times a day does not hinder one’s normal daily work. In fact, the prayer, requiring little time, can be performed anywhere as well as in a mosque. Also there is the method of “masah” (wiping) mests (leather socks) which saves one from the obligation of washing the feet when making an ablution anew. For those who are at places without water or who are ill; it is possible for them to make an ablution with soil, a method which – 31 –

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  • Page 5 and 6: BELIEF IN ALLAH’S EXISTENCE The y
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    We should not regard people of othe

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    Istanbul, proves with sound documen

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    All worldly existence is transient,

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    Qur’ân al-kerîm, is the true Bo

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    some people, some of them are narra

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    sallam’, will come after me, and

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    had a say in the various branches o

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    which was changed from, “For God

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    interpolations today’s books of t

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    e the ‘Word of Allah’ from 1020

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    Bible’ in London in 1970, makes t

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    had to admit, though tacitly.” No

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    the latter. The forty thousand hors

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    esurrection, and went into the holy

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    such as Âdam, Nûh, and Ibrâhîm

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    As is pointed out on the five hundr

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    words. According to the Bible, when

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    miracle. Jesus did not answer. He l

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    The advent of Muhammad ‘alaihis-s

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    9) The discourse of the Holy Bible

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    For Muslims are strongly adherent t

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    an educational system, Muslims perf

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    the decorated cart on which it rode

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    learned from the Qur’ân al-kerî

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    THE QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM It is writt

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    part of our book. On the other hand

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    something wrong.” This hadîth-i-

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    Allâhu ’anhâ’ to make him lie

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    And doing all those experimentation

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    “Muhammad’s ‘alaihis-salâm

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    “The Islamic religion allows men

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    People of the Book and the Believer

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    themselves first. Then they relieve

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    called Hawâriyyûn (Apostles, or d

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    Qur’ân [which is the Guidance] a

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    MIRACLES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    contained in the Torah, in the Bibl

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    8- There was a date stump in the Ma

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    16- Someone inadvertently stepped o

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    children ate the honey for months.

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    father ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’

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    ’anh’, (who was the Khalîfa at

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    knowledge of the Qur’ân al-kerim

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    unfortunate man had recourse to lyi

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    clouds and Erbed and his camel ware

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    caught the devil with his blessed h

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    seventy thousand angels attended th

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    VIRTUES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    21- He saw in the dark as well as i

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    said) at times of trouble or melanc

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    49- Instead of demanding position o

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    other words, it is one of the basic

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    Rising Day.” The two blessed citi

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    79- Angels hear the people reciting

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    shall enter Paradise. Sixth, he sha

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    Rasûlullah said he would supply th

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    easily go in and talk with him. 21-

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    sheep without keeping a single head

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    ig nor too small; it was three and

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    handful long. And it is wâjib to d

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    Turkish liras according to today’

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    protects him against the fire of He

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    conquered Iran, Syria, a part of An

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    not to do after all their abominati

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    efore thee, and bring thee in unto

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    Gratianus, after a consultation wit

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    their co-religionists, the Byzantin

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    Târiq bin Ziyâd ‘rahima-hullâh

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    all of them were lit in the nights

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    cruelty. The name of the mosque in

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    Allâma Fadl-i-Haqq was martyred in

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    [Misguiding Muslims’ children wit

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    preserve their debts on sea or land

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    saw the justice and mercy in Muslim

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    nothing to do with civilization.

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    explanation of the Qur’ân but in

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    men’s feet so that they should re

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    people. People who flout these comm

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    Revolution in 1917, all over the wo

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    forfeit the industry and the trade

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    first experience with figures was i

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    Shûrâ Sûra of the Qur’ân al-k

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    In the religion of Brahma, killing

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    BUDDHISM Buddha was born approximat

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    eligion, it spread quickly among th

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    himself to be God and wanted people

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    who would be born in that year woul

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    3. Thou shalt not take the name of

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    ‘Amâlika.’ That is why they we

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    1. Genesis 2. Exodus 3. Leviticus 4

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    cover their heads after they get ma

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    prostrated himself before Allâhu t

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    efore him. Sulaymân said: “My lo

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    French into Arabic, this fact is su

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    Satan deceived Eve. And she, in her

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    entered that room except Zacharias

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    letters of the disciples called apo

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    This is revealed in the Qur’ân a

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    of Israel! I am the Prophet of Alla

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    ‘Religion founded by the devil’

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    lessons of humanism and hospitality

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    observed a cloud, which was gliding

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    in the most logical and reliable wa

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    scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âl

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    nuisance for the “Ahl-i Sunnat”

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    worship in one’s spare time.” P

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    Arûs” (the nuptial night). There

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    proofs. One of these great Islamic

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    (rahima humullâhu ta’âlâ) ment

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    But the provision of thy Lord is be

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    Sûra Mujâdila 9-10: “Ye who bel

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    not have any thought or faith simil

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    Prophet, and whatever he reported i

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    imagine when, where, how and who he

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    have come from Asia and to be relat

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    It is an obligation for us to obey

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    GLOSSARY Entries related to Tasawwu

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    endeavouring to understand the hidd

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    omitted and disbelief if disliked.

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