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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

ceremonies]. The

ceremonies]. The whirling dervishes with cylindrial caps on their heads which resemble tombstones, raise their right hands toward the sky and lower their left hands, which is intended to symbolize that they are, so to speak, conducting the fruits of heaven down to earth. Although these acts have nothing to do with Islam, and no mention of them is made in any âyat or hadîth-i-sherîf, these people present them in the name of mystic and Islamic rites. Our Prophet (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) and none of his Companions (Sahaba [’radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ anhum ajmâ’în]) performed any ceremonies like this. There was Tasawwuf in their time. But, there were no dervish ceremonies. Today, a lot of foreign people from all over the world come to Turkey to see these ceremonies. This heretical philosophy is mentioned in all the foreign books written on tasawwuf. Imâm-i Ghazâlî (rahima hullâhu ta’âlâ) was a great Islamic scholar in the knowledge of “Kalâm” as well as a true expert in the field of Tasawwuf. It is said that Abussu’ûd Effendi (rahima hullâhu ta’âlâ) 896-982 (1490-1574), the great Islamic scholar, the Shaikh-ul Islam for Sultan Sulayman the Magnificent (rahima hullâhu ta’âlâ), treated men of Tasawwuf harshly; he even rendered a formal decision that they be put to death by hanging. This assertion is not true. Abussu’ûd Effendi treated harshly those deviated dervishes who mixed themselves among the true men of Tasawwuf or those claiming that: “The people who have reached high degrees in Tasawwuf do not have to obey religious precepts. They need not concern themselves with whether something is permissible or prohibited. It does not make any difference for them.” Abussu’ûd Effendi gave a formal decision of death for those who committed the sin of causing discord and trouble throughout the country. The leader of the people who rejected those who mixed philosophy with Islamic knowledge is the Prophet Muhammad (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam). This hadîth-i sherîf is well-known: “My umma (all followers) will part into seventy-three groups. Seventy-two of them will burn in the Hell fire, and only one group will be safe. They are those who follow me and my Sahâba (companions).” This hadîth-i sherîf, which predicts the future, is a great mu’jiza (miracle). It happened as he had predicted. The Sunnî Islamic scholars have described in detail these seventy-two heretical groups, who mixed philosophy with Islamic beliefs and so deviated from the true path of the as-Sahâbat al-kirâm. Under the light of the above-mentioned tradition (hadîth) of Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm), Islamic scholars confuted them with countless – 310 –

proofs. One of these great Islamic scholars is Sayyid Sherîf Jurjânî [1] (rahima hullâhu ta’âlâ). This profound Islâmic scholar, who had reached the degree of Wilâyat in Tasawwuf, died in Shirâz in 816 (1413). His book Sherh-i Mawâqif is full of these kinds of proofs. Also, Sa’daddîn-i Taftazânî, (rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ), who had attained the highest degree in the knowledge of Kalâm, eradicated heretical philosophy with his very valuable book Sherhi aqâid. He died in Samarkand in 792 (1389). And the book Al- Milal van nihâl by Muhammad Shehrestânî (rahima hullâhu ta’âlâ), who died in Baghdad in 548 (1153), is full of refutations. This Arabic book and its Turkish translation were published again and again. It was translated into European languages by UNESCO; therefore, it has been understood by the entire world that there is no philosophy in original Islam, and it is not right to say “Islamic philosophy.” Imam-i Muhammad Ghazâlî (rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ) examined both Tasawwuf and metaphysics and explained in his books al-Munkiz and at-Tahâfut-ul falâsifa that those philosophers depended on intellect only, that they were terribly wrong, and that men of Tasawwuf, following âyats and hadîths, attained true faith and endless bliss. He examined each of the philosophies of the seventy-two heretical groups, who, as we have already said, are Muslims, and saw that all those groups had been influenced by Greek philosophers. If we are honest we will clearly see that the philosophies of the so-called “heretical groups” are not compatible with the truth, that is, the Qur’ân alkerîm and the Hadîth-i sherîfs. In our century, the passages that they derived from the old Greek philosophy are not given so much importance. If we compare the philosophies of the heretical groups with one another, we will see that they all agree with each other in the facts that Allâhu ta’âlâ is One, Almighty, everything comes from Him; He is the absolute ruler; Islam is the truest and the latest religion; the Qur’ân al-kerîm is the Word of Allâhu ta’âlâ, and Muhammad (alaihi’ ’s-salâm) is His final Prophet. All these facts have been communicated by all those heretical groups. They deem a human being to be a sacred creature, not “sinful” the Christians do. So, all the seventy-two heretical groups are Believers and Muslims. However, intellect, philosophy and religion are deemed to be the same from their point of view. That is why there are some differences in their beliefs. Since they [1] Sayyid Sherîf passed away in Shirâz in 816 (1413 A.D.) – 311 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    PART: ONE ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY PR

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    BELIEF IN ALLAH’S EXISTENCE The y

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    a sound-producing machine used toda

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    cannot say, “So it has been, and

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    PROPHETS, RELIGIONS, and BOOKS When

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    of those great religious scholars w

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    “Allah’s slave.” Therefore, d

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    expected the true Messiah (Mesîh)

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    liveth, I am not able to forgive si

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    conversion of sinners. He turned to

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    to the truth. He will not utter his

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    After Christianity had become the o

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    of England, Richard the Lion-Hearte

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    Circle: “In the Second World War

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    these iterations will bore us, but

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    To learn the details of these worsh

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    me a desire to throw myself into th

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    marrying four women is wâjib (a st

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    disobedience or opposition, these o

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    passed away in 1332 [1914]. His boo

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    The first requirement is to break t

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    written by Rahmatullah Effendi, [1]

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    the same time a great source of con

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    Allâhu ’alaihi wa-sallam) comman

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    to Bâb-i Âli with a coffin with t

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    the harm of an average ignorant cit

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    scientists. The writings fabricated

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    As for today, foreigners who travel

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    cruelty, and various diseases were

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    try to annoy them, they respond wit

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    12. In this world and in the Hereaf

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    efore the part entitled ‘Ihtiqâr

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    Allâhu teâlâ and beg Him. This r

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    As it is communicated in a hadith a

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    Abû Muhammad Jerîrî’s statemen

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    e forgiven. This will go on until t

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    19. As hot water melts ice, so a go

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    the author of the long letter above

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    ta’âlâ’s individuality, His a

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    We should not regard people of othe

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    PART TWO QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM and TO

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    Istanbul, proves with sound documen

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    All worldly existence is transient,

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    Qur’ân al-kerîm, is the true Bo

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    some people, some of them are narra

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    sallam’, will come after me, and

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    had a say in the various branches o

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    which was changed from, “For God

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    interpolations today’s books of t

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    e the ‘Word of Allah’ from 1020

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    Bible’ in London in 1970, makes t

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    had to admit, though tacitly.” No

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    the latter. The forty thousand hors

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    esurrection, and went into the holy

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    such as Âdam, Nûh, and Ibrâhîm

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    As is pointed out on the five hundr

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    words. According to the Bible, when

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    miracle. Jesus did not answer. He l

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    The advent of Muhammad ‘alaihis-s

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    9) The discourse of the Holy Bible

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    For Muslims are strongly adherent t

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    an educational system, Muslims perf

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    the decorated cart on which it rode

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    learned from the Qur’ân al-kerî

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    THE QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM It is writt

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    part of our book. On the other hand

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    something wrong.” This hadîth-i-

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    Allâhu ’anhâ’ to make him lie

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    EXTRAORDINARY QUALITIES such as HON

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    THINGS OF WHICH THEY HAVE NO KNOWLE

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    And doing all those experimentation

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    “Muhammad’s ‘alaihis-salâm

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    “The Islamic religion allows men

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    People of the Book and the Believer

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    themselves first. Then they relieve

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    called Hawâriyyûn (Apostles, or d

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    Qur’ân [which is the Guidance] a

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    MIRACLES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    contained in the Torah, in the Bibl

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    8- There was a date stump in the Ma

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    16- Someone inadvertently stepped o

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    children ate the honey for months.

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    father ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’

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    ’anh’, (who was the Khalîfa at

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    knowledge of the Qur’ân al-kerim

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    unfortunate man had recourse to lyi

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    clouds and Erbed and his camel ware

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    caught the devil with his blessed h

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    seventy thousand angels attended th

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    VIRTUES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    21- He saw in the dark as well as i

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    said) at times of trouble or melanc

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    49- Instead of demanding position o

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    other words, it is one of the basic

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    Rising Day.” The two blessed citi

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    79- Angels hear the people reciting

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    shall enter Paradise. Sixth, he sha

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    Rasûlullah said he would supply th

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    easily go in and talk with him. 21-

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    sheep without keeping a single head

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    ig nor too small; it was three and

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    handful long. And it is wâjib to d

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    PART THREE ISLAM and OTHER RELIGION

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    Turkish liras according to today’

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    protects him against the fire of He

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    ISLAM IS NOT A RELIGION OF SAVAGERY

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    conquered Iran, Syria, a part of An

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    not to do after all their abominati

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    efore thee, and bring thee in unto

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    Gratianus, after a consultation wit

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    their co-religionists, the Byzantin

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    Târiq bin Ziyâd ‘rahima-hullâh

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    all of them were lit in the nights

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    cruelty. The name of the mosque in

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    Allâma Fadl-i-Haqq was martyred in

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    [Misguiding Muslims’ children wit

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    preserve their debts on sea or land

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    saw the justice and mercy in Muslim

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    nothing to do with civilization.

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    explanation of the Qur’ân but in

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    men’s feet so that they should re

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    people. People who flout these comm

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    Revolution in 1917, all over the wo

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    MUSLIMS ARE NOT IGNORANT One point

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    forfeit the industry and the trade

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    first experience with figures was i

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    Shûrâ Sûra of the Qur’ân al-k

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    RELIGIONS, DOGMAS, AND THE DIFFEREN

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  • Page 279 and 280: efore him. Sulaymân said: “My lo
  • Page 281 and 282: The RELIGION of CHRISTIANITY Îsâ
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  • Page 307 and 308: worship in one’s spare time.” P
  • Page 309: Arûs” (the nuptial night). There
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  • Page 315 and 316: But the provision of thy Lord is be
  • Page 317 and 318: Sûra Mujâdila 9-10: “Ye who bel
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  • Page 329 and 330: SYMPTOMS OF A TRUE MUSLIM The first
  • Page 331 and 332: GLOSSARY Entries related to Tasawwu
  • Page 333 and 334: endeavouring to understand the hidd
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