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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

soft, soleless,

soft, soleless, waterproof shoes, covering the feet) while performing ablution. mu’jiza: miracle peculiar to prophets alone. murshid: guide, director. murshid al-kâmil: great guide who has attained to perfection and is able to assist others. munâfiq: hypocrite; one who disguises himself as a Muslim though he believes in another religion. mustahab: (an act) for which there is thawâb and not sinful if omitted. mubâh: an act neither ordered nor prohibited. nâfila: the supererogatory, additional; in the sharî’at nonfard and non-wâjib ’ibâdât; the sunnat salâts accompanying the daily five salâts or any ’ibâdât one can perform whenever one wishes. nafs: a negative force within man prompting him to do evil. nass: (general term form) an âyat or a hadîth; an âyat or a hadîth that openly states whether something is ordered or prohibited. nisâb: minimum quantity of specified wealth making one liable to do certain duties. pasha: title given by the Ottoman State to a statesmen, governor and especially officers of high rank (now general or admiral). qâdi: Muslim judge. Qur’ân al-kerîm: the Holy Koran. Ramadân: a Sacred Month in the Muslim Calendar. Rasûlullah: (Rasûl-Allah); Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm), the Messenger of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Sahâbî: (âbat al-kirâm; a Muslim who saw the Prophet (’alaihi ’s-salâm) at least once; one of the companions. Salaf (as-Sâlihîn): as-Sahâba and the distinguished ones among the Tabi’ûn and Taba’ at-Tâbi’în. Shafâ’at: intercession. Shaikh: an âlim of high rank; expert in zâhirî or bâtinî knowledge; master, murshid; amîr, head. Shaikh al-Islâm: Head of the Religious Affairs Office in an Islamic State. Sunna: act, thing, though not commanded by Allâhu ta’âlâ, done and liked by the Prophet (’alaihi ’s-salâm) as an ’ibâda; there is thawâb if done, but not sinful to omit, yet it is a sin if continually – 334 –

omitted and disbelief if disliked. sûra: a chapter of the Qur’ân al-kerîm. suhba: companionship. Sirât: the bridge in the hereafter. tafsîr: a book of the science of interpretating the Qur’ân. taqwâ: fearing Allâhu ta’âlâ; abstention from harâms; practising azîmas. Tasawwuf: Islamic mysticism or sufism as defined by Islam; [See the book Maktûbât by Ahmad al-Farûqî as-Sirhindî (rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih)]. tawakkul: trust in, expectation of everything from Allâhu ta’âlâ exclusively; expecting from Allâhu ta’âlâ the effectiveness of the cause (sabab) after working or holding on to the cause — before which tawakkul is unadvised. tawhîd: (belief in) the Oneness, unity, of Allâhu ta’âlâ. tekke: (Turkish) a place, building, where a murshid trains his murîds or sâliks; dergâh or khânagâh (Persian), zâwiya (Arabic). thawâb: the (unit of) reward which has been promised and will be given in the next world by Allâhu ta’âlâ as a recompense for doing and saying what He likes. umma: the community, the body of Believers, of a Prophet. Umma (al-Muhammadiyya): the Muslim umma; followers of Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm). Wahhâbî: people in Arabia whose beliefs originate from the heresies of Ibn Taymiyya. (See the books Endless Bliss and Advice for the Muslim.) wâjib: (a belief or act) almost as compulsory as a fard and not to be omitted; something never omitted by the Prophet (’alaihi ’ssalâm). Walî: (pl. Awliyâ’) one who is loved and protected (by Allâhu ta’âlâ). wara’: (after avoiding harâms) abstention from doubtful things (mushtabihât). zakât: (fard duty of giving annually) certain amount of certain kinds of property given to certain kinds of people by which the remaining property becomes purified and blessed, and the Muslim who gives it protects himself against being (called) a miser. zindîq: an enemy of Islam who pretends to be a Muslim. – 335 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    a sound-producing machine used toda

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    of those great religious scholars w

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    “Allah’s slave.” Therefore, d

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    expected the true Messiah (Mesîh)

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    liveth, I am not able to forgive si

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    conversion of sinners. He turned to

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    to the truth. He will not utter his

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    After Christianity had become the o

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    of England, Richard the Lion-Hearte

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    Circle: “In the Second World War

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    these iterations will bore us, but

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    To learn the details of these worsh

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    me a desire to throw myself into th

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    marrying four women is wâjib (a st

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    disobedience or opposition, these o

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    passed away in 1332 [1914]. His boo

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    The first requirement is to break t

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    written by Rahmatullah Effendi, [1]

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    the same time a great source of con

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    Allâhu ’alaihi wa-sallam) comman

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    to Bâb-i Âli with a coffin with t

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    the harm of an average ignorant cit

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    scientists. The writings fabricated

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    As for today, foreigners who travel

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    cruelty, and various diseases were

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    try to annoy them, they respond wit

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    12. In this world and in the Hereaf

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    efore the part entitled ‘Ihtiqâr

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    Allâhu teâlâ and beg Him. This r

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    As it is communicated in a hadith a

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    Abû Muhammad Jerîrî’s statemen

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    e forgiven. This will go on until t

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    19. As hot water melts ice, so a go

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    the author of the long letter above

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    ta’âlâ’s individuality, His a

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    We should not regard people of othe

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    Istanbul, proves with sound documen

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    All worldly existence is transient,

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    Qur’ân al-kerîm, is the true Bo

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    some people, some of them are narra

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    sallam’, will come after me, and

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    had a say in the various branches o

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    which was changed from, “For God

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    interpolations today’s books of t

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    e the ‘Word of Allah’ from 1020

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    Bible’ in London in 1970, makes t

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    had to admit, though tacitly.” No

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    the latter. The forty thousand hors

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    esurrection, and went into the holy

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    such as Âdam, Nûh, and Ibrâhîm

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    As is pointed out on the five hundr

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    words. According to the Bible, when

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    miracle. Jesus did not answer. He l

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    The advent of Muhammad ‘alaihis-s

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    9) The discourse of the Holy Bible

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    For Muslims are strongly adherent t

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    an educational system, Muslims perf

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    the decorated cart on which it rode

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    learned from the Qur’ân al-kerî

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    THE QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM It is writt

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    part of our book. On the other hand

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    something wrong.” This hadîth-i-

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    Allâhu ’anhâ’ to make him lie

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    And doing all those experimentation

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    “Muhammad’s ‘alaihis-salâm

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    “The Islamic religion allows men

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    People of the Book and the Believer

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    themselves first. Then they relieve

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    called Hawâriyyûn (Apostles, or d

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    Qur’ân [which is the Guidance] a

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    MIRACLES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    contained in the Torah, in the Bibl

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    8- There was a date stump in the Ma

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    16- Someone inadvertently stepped o

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    children ate the honey for months.

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    father ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’

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    ’anh’, (who was the Khalîfa at

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    knowledge of the Qur’ân al-kerim

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    unfortunate man had recourse to lyi

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    clouds and Erbed and his camel ware

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    caught the devil with his blessed h

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    seventy thousand angels attended th

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    VIRTUES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    21- He saw in the dark as well as i

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    said) at times of trouble or melanc

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    49- Instead of demanding position o

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    other words, it is one of the basic

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    Rising Day.” The two blessed citi

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    79- Angels hear the people reciting

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    shall enter Paradise. Sixth, he sha

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    Rasûlullah said he would supply th

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    easily go in and talk with him. 21-

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    sheep without keeping a single head

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    ig nor too small; it was three and

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    handful long. And it is wâjib to d

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    Turkish liras according to today’

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    protects him against the fire of He

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    conquered Iran, Syria, a part of An

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    not to do after all their abominati

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    efore thee, and bring thee in unto

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    Gratianus, after a consultation wit

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    their co-religionists, the Byzantin

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    Târiq bin Ziyâd ‘rahima-hullâh

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    all of them were lit in the nights

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    cruelty. The name of the mosque in

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    Allâma Fadl-i-Haqq was martyred in

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    [Misguiding Muslims’ children wit

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    preserve their debts on sea or land

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    saw the justice and mercy in Muslim

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    nothing to do with civilization.

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    explanation of the Qur’ân but in

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    men’s feet so that they should re

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    people. People who flout these comm

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    Revolution in 1917, all over the wo

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    forfeit the industry and the trade

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    first experience with figures was i

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    Shûrâ Sûra of the Qur’ân al-k

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    In the religion of Brahma, killing

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    BUDDHISM Buddha was born approximat

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    eligion, it spread quickly among th

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    himself to be God and wanted people

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    who would be born in that year woul

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    3. Thou shalt not take the name of

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    ‘Amâlika.’ That is why they we

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    1. Genesis 2. Exodus 3. Leviticus 4

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    cover their heads after they get ma

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    prostrated himself before Allâhu t

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    efore him. Sulaymân said: “My lo

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  • Page 315 and 316: But the provision of thy Lord is be
  • Page 317 and 318: Sûra Mujâdila 9-10: “Ye who bel
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  • Page 329 and 330: SYMPTOMS OF A TRUE MUSLIM The first
  • Page 331 and 332: GLOSSARY Entries related to Tasawwu
  • Page 333: endeavouring to understand the hidd
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