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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

prohibited in

prohibited in Islam was also harâm (illegal, prohibited) in the Tawrât (Torah), too. As an example, the 19th verse of the twentythird chapter of Deuteronomy states: “Thou shalt not lend upon usury to thy brother; usury of money, usury of victuals, usury of anything that is lent upon usury: Unto a stranger thou mayest lend upon usury.” 6- At one time there were also those who asserted that the Islamic religion was “hostile to knowledge and science.” How could it ever be possible for Islam to stand against knowledge. Islam is knowledge itself. Many chapters of the Qur’ân al-kerîm enjoin seeking knowledge and praise men of knowledge. For example, the ninth verse of Chapter Zumar purports: “Are those who know to be considered equal with those who do not know? Truly, men of understanding will take heed more.” Our Prophet’s (sall-Allâhu alaihi wa sallam) utterances praising and encouraging knowledge are so plentiful and so well known that even non-Muslims know of them. For example, while describing the virtues of knowledge, the books Ihya al-’ulûm and Mawdû’ât al-’ulûm quote the Hadîth ash-sherîf: “Go and get knowledge even if it is in China,” which means: “Go and learn even if knowledge is in the farthest place in the world and even if it is possessed by disbelievers! Another Hadith ash-sherîf declares: “Work and learn from the cradle to the grave!” That is, even an old man of eighty who has one foot in the grave has to work. His learning is an act of worship. Another Hadîth ashsherîf declares: Work for the next world as if you were to die tomorrow, and work for this world as if you were never going to die.” And another Hadîth ash-sherîf: “Little worship done with understanding is better than much worship done with ignorance.” And yet another Hadîth ash-sherîf states: “Satan fears a savant more than he does a thousand devoted worshippers who are uneducated.” In Islam a woman cannot go and perform supererogatory hajj (pilgrimage) without her husband’s permission. Nor can she travel or visit others. But if her husband does not teach her Islam or allow her to study Islam she may go and study it without his permission. As it is seen, while it is sinful for her to go on hajj without his permission though it is a great act of worship loved by Allâhu ta’âlâ, it is not sinful for her to go out seeking knowledge without his permission. Here is another Hadîth ash-sherîf in which our Prophet (sall- – 48 –

Allâhu ’alaihi wa-sallam) commands us to learn: “Islam is where knowledge is present; disbelief is where knowledge is absent.” First, every Muslim has to learn his religion and then the secular sciences. Nor can it be asserted that Islam is hostile to science. Science means, “observing creatures and events, studying them so as to understand, and doing experiments to make the same.” All these three are commanded by the Qur’ân al-kerîm. It is fard-i kifâya [1] for Muslims to study science, art, and to try to make the most upto-date weapons. Our religion commands us to toil more than our enemies. One of our Prophet’s (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa-sallâm) most vivid expressions commanding science is quoted in the eleventh chapter of the first fascicle of Endless Bliss. Hence, Islam is a dynamic religion that commands science, experiments, and positive developments. Europeans took many of the fundamentals of their scientific understanding from the Muslim world. For example, Europeans thought that the earth was flat like a tray and was surrounded by a wall, while Muslims had realized the fact that it was a revolving globe. This is written in detail in the books Sharh-ul mawâqif and Ma’rifatnâma. They measured the length of the meridian on the Sinjar Desert, which is near Mosul, and their measurement tallies with today’s findings. Nûr-ud-dîn Batrûjî, who died in 581 (1185), was a professor of astronomy at an Islamic University in Andalusia. His book Al-Hayât reflects today’s astronomical information. When Galileo, Copernicus and Newton studied Muslims’ books and stated that the earth was rotating, their statements were deemed heresy. Galileo, as we have said above, was subjected to a trial and was sentenced to imprisonment by Christian priests. The natural sciences were also studied and taught in the time’s Islamic madrasas. The Andalusian madrasas guided the whole world in this respect. The one who first explored that germs caused diseases was Ibni Sinâ, [2] who was educated in a Muslim environment. It was [1] Something clearly commanded in the Qur’ân al-kerîm is called fard, pl. farâid. When the command is to be done by every individual Muslim it is termed fard ayn. When only one person in a community of Muslims has to do it, it is termed fard kifâya. In other words, when one Muslim in an assembly, a community or a city of Muslims carries out the fard kifâya, the rest are absolved from that particular obligation. [2] Ibni Sinâ (Avicenna) Husain, passed away in Hamadan in 428 (1037 A.D.) – 49 –

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    interpolations today’s books of t

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    e the ‘Word of Allah’ from 1020

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    Bible’ in London in 1970, makes t

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    had to admit, though tacitly.” No

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    the latter. The forty thousand hors

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    esurrection, and went into the holy

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    such as Âdam, Nûh, and Ibrâhîm

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    As is pointed out on the five hundr

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    words. According to the Bible, when

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    miracle. Jesus did not answer. He l

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    The advent of Muhammad ‘alaihis-s

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    9) The discourse of the Holy Bible

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    For Muslims are strongly adherent t

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    an educational system, Muslims perf

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    the decorated cart on which it rode

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    learned from the Qur’ân al-kerî

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    THE QUR’ÂN AL-KERÎM It is writt

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    part of our book. On the other hand

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    something wrong.” This hadîth-i-

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    Allâhu ’anhâ’ to make him lie

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    And doing all those experimentation

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    “Muhammad’s ‘alaihis-salâm

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    “The Islamic religion allows men

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    People of the Book and the Believer

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    themselves first. Then they relieve

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    called Hawâriyyûn (Apostles, or d

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    Qur’ân [which is the Guidance] a

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    MIRACLES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    contained in the Torah, in the Bibl

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    8- There was a date stump in the Ma

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    16- Someone inadvertently stepped o

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    children ate the honey for months.

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    father ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’

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    ’anh’, (who was the Khalîfa at

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    knowledge of the Qur’ân al-kerim

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    unfortunate man had recourse to lyi

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    clouds and Erbed and his camel ware

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    caught the devil with his blessed h

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    seventy thousand angels attended th

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    VIRTUES of MUHAMMAD ‘alaihis-sal

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    21- He saw in the dark as well as i

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    said) at times of trouble or melanc

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    49- Instead of demanding position o

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    other words, it is one of the basic

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    Rising Day.” The two blessed citi

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    79- Angels hear the people reciting

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    shall enter Paradise. Sixth, he sha

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    Rasûlullah said he would supply th

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    easily go in and talk with him. 21-

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    sheep without keeping a single head

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    ig nor too small; it was three and

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    handful long. And it is wâjib to d

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    Turkish liras according to today’

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    protects him against the fire of He

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    conquered Iran, Syria, a part of An

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    not to do after all their abominati

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    efore thee, and bring thee in unto

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    Gratianus, after a consultation wit

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    their co-religionists, the Byzantin

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    Târiq bin Ziyâd ‘rahima-hullâh

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    all of them were lit in the nights

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    cruelty. The name of the mosque in

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    Allâma Fadl-i-Haqq was martyred in

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    [Misguiding Muslims’ children wit

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    preserve their debts on sea or land

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    saw the justice and mercy in Muslim

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    nothing to do with civilization.

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    explanation of the Qur’ân but in

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    men’s feet so that they should re

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    people. People who flout these comm

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    Revolution in 1917, all over the wo

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    forfeit the industry and the trade

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    first experience with figures was i

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    Shûrâ Sûra of the Qur’ân al-k

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    In the religion of Brahma, killing

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    BUDDHISM Buddha was born approximat

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    eligion, it spread quickly among th

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    himself to be God and wanted people

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    who would be born in that year woul

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    3. Thou shalt not take the name of

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    ‘Amâlika.’ That is why they we

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    1. Genesis 2. Exodus 3. Leviticus 4

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    cover their heads after they get ma

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    prostrated himself before Allâhu t

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    efore him. Sulaymân said: “My lo

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    French into Arabic, this fact is su

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    Satan deceived Eve. And she, in her

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    entered that room except Zacharias

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    letters of the disciples called apo

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    This is revealed in the Qur’ân a

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    of Israel! I am the Prophet of Alla

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    ‘Religion founded by the devil’

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    lessons of humanism and hospitality

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    observed a cloud, which was gliding

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    in the most logical and reliable wa

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    scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âl

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    nuisance for the “Ahl-i Sunnat”

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    worship in one’s spare time.” P

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    Arûs” (the nuptial night). There

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    proofs. One of these great Islamic

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    (rahima humullâhu ta’âlâ) ment

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    But the provision of thy Lord is be

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    Sûra Mujâdila 9-10: “Ye who bel

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    not have any thought or faith simil

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    Prophet, and whatever he reported i

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    imagine when, where, how and who he

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    have come from Asia and to be relat

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    It is an obligation for us to obey

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    GLOSSARY Entries related to Tasawwu

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    endeavouring to understand the hidd

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    omitted and disbelief if disliked.

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