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Islam and Christianity

ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim. For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter. Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.

jealousy means being

jealousy means being jealous of a person, that is, to wish the blessings given to him by Allâhu ta’âlâ were taken away from him. It is not called jealousy to wish to have the same blessings for yourself without wishing them to be taken away from others. This is called “qipta” which means “longing,” in other words, “good will.” Wishing something evil and harmful to be removed from someone is called “qairat” which means “perseverance”, or called “khamiyyat” which means “zealousness.” 23. Someone who is good-tempered will attain goodness both in this world and in the Hereafter. 24. Allâhu ta’âlâ does not put his slave whom He endowed with a beautiful face and a good character into Hell in the Hereafter. 25. Abû Huraira was told: “Be good-tempered!” by the Prophet (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam). He asked: “What is it to be good-tempered?” the Prophet answered: “Approach a person who stays away from you and give him advice; forgive him who torments you; if a person is loath to give you from his property, knowledge or help, give him plenty of these!” 26. Paradise is the destination of a person who dies purged from arrogance, treachery and debts. 27. The Prophet (sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam) did not want to perform the janâza prayer [1] for a person who had died indebted. A Sahabî (companion of the Prophet) named Abû Qatâda (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) took his debts upon himself by remittance. So, the Prophet accepted performing the janâza prayer for him. 28. Do not beat your wives! They are not your slaves. 29. In the view of Allâhu ta’âlâ, the best of you is the one who is the best towards his wife. I am the best among you in the treatment of his wife. 30. The best among you in îman (faith) is the one with the best character and the one who is the mildest to his wife. Most of the Hadith ash-sherîfs written above exist in the book Zawâjir by the profound Islamic scholar Ibn Hajar [2] immediately [1] Janâza Prayer: When a Muslim dies, other Muslims assemble together in front of his coffin and perform a certain prayer called salât-uljanâza. Thereby, they pray so that his sins will be forgiven, and he will be given many blessings, etc. [2] Ibn Hajar, passed away, 974 (1566 A.D.) – 64 –

efore the part entitled ‘Ihtiqâr.’ They are the source for beautiful Islamic morals. Islamic scholars have derived rules from these hadith-i sherîfs. Some of them are as follows. 1. It is harâm (forbidden) for a Muslim who is in a country of disbelievers to violate their property, life, chastity or to steal. He should not disobey their laws and should not cheat or be treacherous when shopping and so on. 2. Usurping a disbeliever’s property or hurting his heart is worse than usurping a Muslim’s property. Cruelty to animals is worse than cruelty to men, and cruelty to disbelievers is worse than cruelty to animals. 3. It is harâm to take and use someone else’s property without his permission even if you return it undamaged. 4. If a person postpones the payment of his debt for one hour while he has the means, he will be considered cruel and disobedient. He will remain accursed continuously. Not paying one’s debt is such a continuous sin that it is recorded (in one’s deed-book) even when one is asleep. If one pays his debts with money of low value or with useless property, or if the creditor takes it back unwillingly, this too makes one sinful. One will not escape being sinful unless one pleases or satisfies the creditor. For fourteen hundred years, Islamic scholars have always taught in their lectures and books the beautiful morals commanded by Islam. In this way, they have tried to inculcate the beautiful habits taught by Islam into the minds and hearts of the young. The below-mentioned book is a sample of the innumerable books promulgating these beautiful morals. The book Maktûbât by the profound Islamic scholar Imâm-i Rabbânî Ahmad Fârûqî (rahmatullâhi ’alaih), who was a great Walî and was the mujaddid of the second millennium (of Islam), is very valuable. Sayyid Abdulhakim Arwâsî [1] who was a professor of theology in the Madrasat-ul-Mutahhassisîn, the highest of the madrasas (schools) during the time of the Ottoman Empire, often said, “Another book as valuable as Maktûbât has not been written on Islam,” and, “The most valuable and the highest book is Imâm-i Rabbânî’s book Maktûbât, except of course, for the Qur’ân al-kerîm and our Prophet’s (sall-Allâh ’alaihi wa sallam) hadith sherîfs. “Imam-i Rabbânî was born in the city of Serhend in India in 971 (1563), [1] Abdulhakîm Effendi, passed away in Ankara in 1362 (1943 A.D.) – 65 –

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