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Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

seventy-three groups.

seventy-three groups. Seventy-two of them will go to Hell, and one will not go to Hell owing to their îmân.” [1] In the third group of religion reformers are the insidious disbelievers. These enemies of Islam, by disguising themselves as Muslims and uttering gentle words such as, “We renovate the religion, reproduce its main sources and restore it to its former position,” try to demolish Islamic faith, to change and defile the true meanings of âyats and hadîths. They strive to destroy Islam form the inside. Because they pretend to be Muslims and say, “We renovate the religion and purify it from superstitions,” ignorant people suppose such disbelievers to be real mujaddids. They believe them. So these reformers are very successful. In order to deceive Muslims, they praise a few Ahl as-Sunna scholars and write that they admire them, yet they dislike most of the teachings written in their books and call them superstitions. Of the hadîths written in these great scholars’ invaluable books, they say “mawdû’, made-up” about the ones which do not suit their purposes and which hinder their advantages. They impose their own heretical, harmful concoctions in the name of truth. Thus, they try to blemish these great scholars. Another group of them constantly speak ill of, and even attribute disbelief to, one or two of the Ahl as-Sunna scholars. From the term ‘religion reformers’, we Muslims understand the lâ-madhhabî (non-madhhabite, non-Sunnî) people, that is, members of the second and third groups. The group which is declared in the above-quoted hadîth to possess the true faith and will not go to Hell for this reason is called the “Ahl as-Sunnat wa ’l-Jamâ’a”. This hadîth shows that a person is either a Muslim or a disbeliever. And a Muslim is either a Sunnî or a heretic. Then a person who does not belong to the Ahl as-Sunna is either a heretic or a disbeliever. Today, Muslims should be quite adequately learned lest they should be deceived by these subversive religion reformers who [1] This hadîth is reported in many valuable books. For example, it is written on the first page of the translation of Al-milal wa ’n-nihal that it exists in the four books of Sunan and that it is explained more detailedly in at-Tirmidhî’s book. It is also written in the Sahîhain of al- Bukhârî and Muslim. Furthermore, it is written on the 609th page of Sharh al-Mawâqif, which is one of the greatest kalâm books taught in high grades of madrasas, and in the 67th letter of the second volume of Maktûbât by al-Imâm ar-Rabbânî. The ahl al-bid’a and disbelievers deny this hadîth. – 122 –

have spread all over Muslim countries. Freemasons, the insidious enemies of Islam, in order to cause Muslims to depart from their religion, try on the one hand to make the government administrators freemasons. On the other hand, they educate freemasonic men of religious profession. Freemasonic administrators try to pass laws prohibiting what is fard and commanding what is harâm or even disbelief and, to promote the reformist men of religious profession, who are their associates in the guilt. For example, Âlî Pasha (d. in 1287/1871, buried in the Suleymâniye Mosque yard), who was made Grand Vizier five times during the times of Sultan ’Abd al-Majîd and Sultan ’Abd al- ’Azîz, was a freemason. He invited Jamâl ad-dîn al-Afghânî, a religion reformer hostile to Islam, to Istanbul, and co-operating with him he began to reform the religion. But the Ahl as-Sunna scholars were vigilant enough not to leave the field to them. They proved Jamâl ad-dîn’s ignominy, and Âlî Pasha could no longer support him. Jamâl ad-dîn al-Afghânî was born in Afghanistan in 1254 A.H. He came to Kabul in 1261. He stayed there for ten years. He read many books on philosophy. For some time, he spied for the Russsians upon Afghanistan and earned much money from the Russians. In 1285, he came to Egypt and became a freemason. Âlî Pasha brought him to Istanbul and assigned him duties. Hasan Tahsin, the rector of the University of Istanbul and another freemason educated in Paris by the Grand Vizier Rashid Pasha and announced to be a disbeliever by the Shaikh al-Islâm, [1] had him give lectures that year. But, when he spoke recklessly, the great scholar Hasan Fahmi, the Shaikh al-Islâm, gave the fatwâ that he was a disbeliever. Hasan Fehmi Effendi was one of the profound scholars of his time and the hundred and tenth Shaikh al-Islâm of the Ottoman Empire. He had won the first place in the examination of ru’ûs. He became a mudarris, that is, a professor of religious knowledge at the university. He educated many disciples. Having been promoted through various positions, he became the Shaikh al-Islâm. When Sultan ’Azîz went to Egypt, he prepared the khutba delievered at the Jum’a prayers. He kept long company with Hadrat Shaikh Saka, the famous scholar at Jâmi’ al-Azhar. The Egyptian scholars admired his knowledge. Owing to this scholar’s righteous opposition, Jamâl ad-din was disgraced. Âlî Pasha had to dismiss Jamâl ad-dîn from Istanbul. It [1] Chief of Religious Matters. – 123 –

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