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Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

kâmina, “When talking

kâmina, “When talking on knowledge, Ibn Taimiyya used to become angry, try to defeat the person whom he talked to and offend everybody.” Imâm as-Suyûtî wrote in his book Kam’ almu’ârid, “Ibn Taimiyya was arrogant. He was self-conceited. It was his habit to represent himself as superior to everybody, to slight the person whom he talked to and to make fun of great Muslims.” Muhammad ’Alî Beg, a Damascene scholar, wrote in his book Hittat ash-Shâm, “Ibn Taimiyya’s and Priest Luther’s aims were identical. Whereas the Christian reformer was successful, the reformer of Islam was unsuccessful.” Mawlânâ Muhammad Ziyâullah, one of the prominent ’ulamâ’ of Pakistan and the imâm and khatîb of the city of Siyalkut, wrote in the 93rd page of his work The Truth of Wahhâbism (Published in Urdu in 1969): “Mawlawî ’Abd al-Hayy Luknawî (d. 1304 A.H.), the great ’âlim of India and the author of hundreds of invaluable books known by the world, said in his book Ghais al-ghamâm, ‘Like the predecessor Ibn Taimiyyat al-Hurrâmî, the successor ash- Shawqânî was very learned but less intelligent. The latter was exactly like, even more inferior than the former.’ ” Goldziher writes that Ibn Taimiyya deemed the right madhhabs to be bida’ and, saying that they had changed the original purity of Islam, attacked them and also opposed the Ash’arî madhhab and tasawwuf and announced visiting the graves of prophets and Awliyâ’ to be a sinful act. Mustafâ ’Abd ar-Razzâq Pasha, former Rector of the Jâmi’ al- Azhar and student-follower of Muhammad ’Abduh, wrote: “When issuing a fatwâ, Ibn Taimiyya did not follow any madhhab, but he acted in accordance with the proof he himself had found. He denied the kashfs of tasawwuf leaders.” Ibn Taimiyya wrote about Sadr ad-dîn al-Qonawî: “Sadr addîn, a friend to Muhyiddîn ibn al-’Arabî, surpassed his master in scientific knowledge and Kalâm, yet he was worse in disbelief, less learned and had less îmân than his master had. Since such people’s faith was disbelief, more skillful ones of them were more excessive in disbelief.” Some Islamic scholars said that Ibn Taimiyya was a disbeliever, and others, the majority, said that he was one of ahl al-bid’a. Shaikh al-Makkî, a scholar contemporary with Yavuz Sultan Selim Khan, answered the attacks against Hadrat Muhyiddîn ibn al-’Arabî and wrote: “Ibn Taimiyya said that disbelievers would get out of Hell after burning there for a number of years and supported this claim with the hadîth, ‘Some day the doors of Hell will open and grass will grow on its ground.’ – 130 –

He also quoted some other hadîths. On the other hand, it is clearly stated in the Qur’ân that disbelievers will remain in Hell eternally. There has been tawâtur and ijmâ’ on this fact. Most scholars said that Ibn Taimiyya had contradicted the tawâtur and ijmâ.” [1] It is written on the ninety-sixth page of Mukhtasar-i-Qurtubî: “Those who say that all the inhabitants of Hell will go out and that Hell will become empty, in fact, negate the Qur’ân and Hadîth. The Ahl as-Sunna scholars, the just imâms, unanimously said that the punishment in Hell will be eternal for disbelievers. The âyat, ‘We will throw those who part from the Believers’ path into Hell,’ is an answer to them. The first division of Hell, where those believers with many sins will be punished, will become empty. Its other divisions, where disbelievers will be punished, will never be emptied. Believers will be set free from the punishment by attaining shafâ’a and only their place will become empty and grass will grow on the ground of the first division of Hell. Imâm al- Qurtubî writes that the hadîth quoted above is mawqûf, that it was not reported to have been heard from Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm). Hadrat Muhyiddîn ibn al-’Arabî, too, said that the doors of Hell will never be opened and that disbelievers will remain in Hell eternally. Those scholars who said that they would go out of Hell meant that sinful believers will go out.” [2] Ibn Taimiyya, exploiting the hadîths stating that believers will go out of Hell, denied the âyats, tawâtur and ijmâ’. Calling the Ahl as-Sunna scholars “disbelievers” causes one to become a disbeliever. It is written in the subject on the qâdî of the book Radd al-muhtâr that it is disbelief to deny the hadîths which were not interpreted differently by the Salaf as-Sâlihîn and which are tawâtur. Mâlikî scholar Muhammad ibn ’Abdullah of Tanja, who is famed with the name Ibn Battûta, gave many quotations from Ibn Taimiyya that were incompatible with Islam and wrote: “Ibn Taimiyya had much knowledge. But there was something wrong with his mind... I was in Damascus. During the Friday salât, he, after reciting the khutba, descended the stairs saying, ‘Allâhu ta’âlâ descends on the world’s sky as I descend now.’ Ibn Zahrâ, a Mâlikî scholar, explained the wickedness of his statement in detail to the congregation. The ignorant majority of the congregation had believed Ibn Taimiyya [1] Al-jânib al-gharbî, Râshid Effendi section, Suleymâniyye Library, Istanbul. [2] Mukhtasaru tadhkirat al-Qurtubî, p. 96. – 131 –

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