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Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

Muslims.” A hadîth

Muslims.” A hadîth reported in the Sahîh of Muslim declares, “I prohibited to visit graves before. From now on, visit them!” Najm ad-dîn ’Umar ibn al-Hajjî, in his book Al-jawâb fi’r-raddi ’alâ Ibn Taimiyya, proved that it was permissible to visit tombs and refuted Ibn Taimiyya with sound evidences. Also Burhân ad-dîn Ibrâhîm ibn Muhammad wrote a beautiful book under the same title. [1] Wahhâbîs say that an act prohibited by Ibn Taimiyya is unbelief. According to him, people make vows or pray beside shrines, walk around them, kiss their covers, take samples of soil from them, as well as those who ask for help from Awliyâ’, are disbelievers. He claimed that those who do not consider these as disbelief are disbelievers, too. In fact, he wrote, “It is halâl to kill those who benefit from Prophets and Awliyâ’ as mediators between Allâhu ta’âlâ and themselves for the purpose of becoming to Allâhu ta’âlâ, and to confiscate their property,” [2] which was in effect an indirect command to slaughter Muslims and to plunder their proprety. The fact, however, is that he who does not believe the well-known indispensable beliefs in the religion, e.g. the Oneness of Allâhu ta’âlâ or the fact that it is fard to perform salât five times a day, will be an unbeliever. A Muslim who believes what are declared clearly cannot be called an unbeliever because of a mere doubt. Ibn Taimiyya should have used the word ‘shirk’ (polytheism) for such people to mean minor polytheism, but Wahhâbîs say it is polytheism equivalent to unbelief. It is open polytheism to worship idols. The hidden polytheism (shirk khafî), however, is to ask something from anyone besides Allâhu ta’âlâ. Men cannot escape hidden polytheism. Even prophets begged Allâhu ta’âlâ to protect them against it. Following the nafs, sexual desires and ostentation are examples of this kind of polytheism, which removes the thawâb of worship. But no scholar has said, “Ostentatious people are unbelievers. It is halâl to kill them and to confiscate their property.” Prostration (sajda) towards the sun, the moon, stars, idols or statues for the purpose of worshipping them is unbelief. It is not unbelief but a sin to prostrate before other things for reverence without the purpose of worshipping them. Though it is unbelief to sacrifice an animal for something whom one worships, it is not [1] These two books exist in the Suleymâniyye Library, in the “Beshir Aga” section with call number 142. [2] Muhammad ibn ’Abd al-Wahhâb, Kashf ash-shubuhât, also translated into Turkish. – 138 –

unbelief but harâm for a worshipper of Allâhu ta’âlâ to make a sacrifice for others without worshipping them. To worship someone means to entreat them and to believe that everything, useful and harmful alike, comes from them and made by them. It was stated (by some scholars) that it would be makrûh for the worshippers of Allâhu ta’âlâ to take samples of soil from graves or to walk around them. According to Wahhâbîs, however, acts of this sort are polytheism. The graves which the Sahâba built for the martyrs who had fought against Musailamat-ul kadhdhâb [1] were above ground level, which was intended for others to recognize them and recite the Fâtiha for their souls. The heretics censure Sahâba for this reason, too. They demolished these graves. This shows that they are on al-Kadhdhâb’s way. They said it was a bid’a to build tombs over graves or minarets for mosques or to eat with spoons. They ruined Husain’s (radiy- Allâhu ’anh) tomb in Karbala and plundered the invaluable things in it. They burned and ruined the city of Tâ’if and massacred the Ahl as-Sunna Muslims including the women and children and plundered their possessions. The most valuable books such as the Sahîhain of al-Bukhârî and Muslim and thousands of books on hadîth, fiqh and other fields, even the Qur’ân, were trodden underfoot. Out of fear, no one dared to pick them up. They even dug in the ground and looked for possessions. They set the city afire. They demolished the tombs in Mecca and the blessed houses where the Prophet (’alaihi ’s-salâm), Abû Bakr, ’Umar (radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ) and Fâtima (radiy-Allâhu anhâ) had been born. They said it was polytheism for muezzins to recite the Salawât for the Prophet’s soul. They proscribed smoking and burned all the pipes, hookahs, cigarette-boxes and musical instruments in Mecca. Putting forth the âyats, “Besides Allâhu ta’âlâ, do not pray to anybody, who is neither useful nor harmful to you!” and “Do not pray to another person together with Allâhu ta’âlâ!” and the hadîth “Prayer is the essence of worship,” they said that he who asked for something from someone besides Him would become an unbeliever. However, the prayer prohibited in the âyat means the ‘prayer that is performed as worship’ in the Islamic knowledge. This prayer can be performed only to Allâhu ta’âlâ. And, a person who knows that only Allâhu ta’âlâ can be [1] An unbeliever who claimed to be a prophet. He was killed by Wahshî ‘radiy-Allâhu anh’. – 139 –

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