5 months ago

Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

against ’Alî

against ’Alî (radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ) and grievously exaggerate the sad situations which might take place in any combat. When the Ahl as-Sunna scholars give them answers based on the Qur’ân, the Sunna and reason, they lose their head. They cannot find anything to say. They begin to tell about the evils of his son, Yazîd. They say, ‘He paved the way for a bad tradition wherein caliphate was a patrimonial institution. He turned caliphate into sultanate.’ On the subject about public prayers, Ibn ’Âbidîn says, ‘A Muslim candidate for the caliphate must be elected by the notables of scholars and administrators or designated by the former Khalîfa as his successor. Also, a Muslim who has seized power by using force is the rightful Khalîfa. Abû Bakr (radiy- Allâhu ’anh), when he was about to die, designated ’Umar (radiy- Allâhu ’anh) Khalîfa. All the Prophet’s companions accepted it.’ It is seen that it was a rightful act compatible with Islam for Mu’âwiya (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) and for all other Khalîfas to designate their sons, whom they themselves brought up and trained, or others whom they could confide in, for their place. A preceding Khalîfa can not be blamed on account of the cruel acts perpetrated by his successor(s). (19-60) These written attacks which Mawdûdî so wantonly spearheads against Muslims’ Khalîfas and the scholars of Ahl as-Sunna are not only devoid any scientific value but also in glaring contradiction with historical and religious facts. The following passages from a Persian work of Shâh Walî-Allah, whom Mawdûdî praises very much, is an evident proof for the pure youth: “Mu’âwiya ibn Abû Sufyân (radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ) was one of Rasûlullah’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) companions. Among as-Sahâba, he was wellknown for his beautiful virtues. Avoid injuring him even in your thoughts, nonetheless for the danger of speaking ill of him! Or else you will be committing harâm. It is declared in a hadîth reported by Abû Dâwûd, ‘Do not speak ill of my companions! Even if you give gold as huge as Mount Uhud in the name of alms, you will not attain blessings equal to those which they attain for having given a handful of barley as alms!’ Again in a hadîth reported by him, Rasûlullah (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) pointed to Hadrat Hasan (radiy-Allâhu ’anh), ‘This son of mine is mature. Through him, I expect, Allâhu ta’âlâ will reconcile two armies of my umma.’ A hadîth reported by at- Tirmidhî declares about Mu’âwiya (radiy-Allâhu ’anh), ‘O my Rabb! Make him hâdî and muhdî!’ that is, “Keep him in the right – 156 –

path and make him a means for guiding others to the right path.’ A hadîth reported by Ibn Sa’d and Ibn ’Asâkir declares about Mu’âwiya (radiy-Allâhu ’anh), ‘O my Rabb! Teach Him the Book and make him own countries and protect him against punishment.’ Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) knew he would become Khalîfa. It is obvious that because he pitied his umma very much it was necessary for him to pray so that the person who would take the lead would be in the right path so that he could guide them to the right path. It is declared in a hadîth reported by Hasan (radiy- Allâhu ’anh) and conveyed by Ad-Dailamî, ‘Someday Mu’âwiya will be the head of the State.’ Hadrat Mu’âwiya (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) said that since the day when Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) had said to him, ‘O Mu’âwiya! When you become head of the State, do favours!’ he had been awaiting the time when he would become Khalîfa. A hadîth reported by Umm Hirâm (radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ), a Sahâbî, declares, ‘Of my umma, those who will fight in the first naval battle of Islam will certainly enter Paradise.’ Mu’âwiya (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) fought in the first naval battle of Islam during the caliphate of Hadrat ’Uthmân (radiy-Allâhu ’anh). And Umm Hirâm (radiy-Allâhu anhâ), because she had heard the hadîth herself, joined his troops and was martyred when she landed [on Cyprus]. With the blessing of these prayers by Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm), he became a just, trustworthy Khalîfa He kept a few of Rasûlullâh’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) hairs, which, in order to be blessed with them, he requested in his will to be put into his nose. “Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) prophesied the Battle of Siffîn between ’Alî and Mu’âwiya (radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ), too. The scholars al-Bukhârî and Muslim reported the hadîth: ‘Unless two great armies fight each other, the end of the world will not come. Both of them will fight for the cause.’ In a hadîth reported in the Sahîh of al-Bukhârî, the Prophet (’alaihi ’s-salâm) said to Ammâr ibn Yâsar, ‘You will be killed by some disobedient people.’ He was killed by Mu’âwiya’s (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) soldiers.... [1] “There are some hadîths castigating the Umayyad Khalîfas, but some other hadîths praise them. A hadîth declares, ‘Caliphate will be in Medina, and sultanate will be in Damascus.’ “It is declared in a hadîth, ‘Up to the twelfth Khalîfa, Islam will be held in high esteem. They all will belong to the Quraish.’ More than half of these twelve Khalîfa, who were praised in this [1] Shâh Wâlî-Allah ad-Dahlawî, Izâlat al-Khafâ, p. 571. – 157 –

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