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Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

eligion. Muslims have

eligion. Muslims have been commanded this. And this is what jihâd means.” [1] Allâhu ta’âlâ declares in the twenty-eighth âyat of the sûrat at- Tawba, “Fight against those who do not believe in Allâhu ta’âlâ and in the Last Day and who do not say ‘harâm’ about what Allâhu ta’âlâ and His Messenger (’alaihi ’s-salâm) said ‘harâm’ and who do not admit the religion of truth, until they accept to pay the jizya or become Muslims!” When Hadrat ’Umar (radiy- Allâhu ’anh) became Khalîfa, he delivered a khutba to encourage the Sahâbat al-kirâm to jihâd and ghazâ, by saying, “O the Prophet’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) companions! Allâhu ta’âlâ has promised that He would give Muhammad’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) umma land and home in all parts of the world. Where are the heroes to conquer these countries promised and attain the booties in this world and the degrees of being ghâzî or martyrdom in the next world? Where are the fighters for Islam who will sacrifice their lives and heads to take Islam to Allahu ta’âlâ’s human creatures and leave their home to attack the dictators, who are the enemies of Islam?” Upon this speech, the Sahâbat al-kirâm promised to go out for jihâd against unbelievers. Leaving their homes, they spread over the world. They performed jihâd till death. This jihâd continued in every century and Muslims progressed through the power of sword over three continents. The inhabitants of the places they conquered either became Muslims or, sheltering under Islam’s justice by admitting to pay the tax called jizya and being given the freedom to worship according to their own religion but obeying Islam in mu’âmalât and ’uqûbât, they were legally considered as Muslims. They lived in comfort and peace. Islam defines two kinds of countries in the world: dâr al-Islâm, the Muslim country, and dâr al-harb, the country of unbelievers. In dâr al-Islâm, Muslims and the unbelievers who pay the jizya live. These unbelievers are called ahl adh-dhimma or dhimmî. They live comfortably and peacefully in full possession of Muslims’ rights and freedom. They perform their worship freely. They adapt themselves to Islam’s justice and laws. As for the country of unbelievers, Islam never interferes with their justice, safety, comfort or peace; the only thing that Islam demands from them is either to have îmân and become real Muslims or to admit [1] Maktûbât, II, 69th letter. A literal translation of the letter occupies the sixteenth chapter of the third fascicle of Endless Bliss. – 188 –

the jizya and become Muslims theoretically. In order that they may attain one of these two, it commands Muslims to perform jihâd against the dictators who tyrannise over them. The jihâd by using power can be performed with the command of the head of the State or of the commandant appointed by him. One’s attack against unbelievers by himself is not jihâd but incitement to sedition. It is surprizing that when beginning to interpret the sûrat al-Mâ’ida, Sayyid Qutb, too, explained these two kinds of country correctly, thus concealing his own point of view. Imâm Muhammad ash-Shaibânî wrote: “The commandment of jihâd descended gradually. At the beginning of Islam, it was commanded not to meet the polytheists, to keep away from them and to treat them softly. Afterwards, the second command descended, saying, ‘Communicate Islam to the unbelievers in soft, beautiful words! Respond to all Ahl al-kitâb (Jews and Christian) mildly and beautifully.’ In the third command, it was only ‘permitted’ to fight with the unbelievers. In the fourth command, which said, ‘When the disbelievers torment you, fight against them,’ it became fard to oppose them. Fifthly, when the Islamic State was established in Medina, the command, ‘Fight against them all the time except in the four months,’ was revealed. In the âyat which descended sixthly it was commanded for the State, the army, to fight with the unbelievers all the time. Thus, jihâd became fard kifâya; if the State does not make preparations for it and does not perform it, all Muslims will be punished in Hell. It should always make preparations for jihâd, thus, the whole nation will escape punishment. At peace and when there is agreement, Muslims should not attack suddenly. First the unbelievers should be informed that the agreement has been broken. When they attack dâr al-Islâm, it is fard ’ain, fard for every Muslim, woman or man, to fight under the army’s command, against those cruel people.” [1] Sayyid Qutb wrote correctly about jihâd in his book Milestones, similarly to what we wrote about it above. Yet, he could not help repeating his above quoted thoughts in this book, either. It is a sign of hypocrisy of him to explain Islam in this manner in one of his books and in that manner in his another book. Communists, too, represent themselves differently in different countries and conceal themselves. [1] Translation of Imâm Muhammad ash-Shaibânî’s As-siyar al-kabîr, p. 82. – 189 –

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