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Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

legally. 13) Sayyid Qutb

legally. 13) Sayyid Qutb puts forward his own point of view also on marrying those women who are disbelievers with holy books and attempts to compete with mujtahids. His only stock for interpreting, writing religious books is his knowledge of Arabic, which is concomitant with his nationality. The most serious error of this writer, whose single art is being a good translator, is that he has not realized that he has to be a muqallid in religious knowledge. As a matter of fact, only mujtahids’ opinions are worth being followed on the interpretations of explicit âyats and hadîths and in those teachings about which there is no explicit âyat or hadîth. The opinions of non-mujtahids, i.e. muqallids like us, cannot be religious knowledge. Those religiously ignorant people who put forward ideas disagreeing with mujtahids’ opinions are called “religion reformers” or “zindîqs”. These are the people who want to demolish the religion from behind the cover with which they disguise themselves as religious men. The true man of religion means the true Muslim who learns the explanations and opinions of mujtahids after years of lucubration and who conveys them to the people of his time in a way they can comprehend. Sayyid Qutb, knowing Arabic well due to his nationality, attempted to compare the socialistic teachings he had studied and defended in admiration for forty years with the Qur’ân. Not having read the books of Islamic scholars and being influenced by Muhammad ’Abduh, chief of Egyptian freemasonic lodge, he began to write his books advocating anti-madhhabism and Wahhâbism in the final years of his life. His book Social Justice in Islam, published in 1948, teems with his subversive, heretical ideas. Saying that we should hold fast to the Qur’ân, he towed the youth behind his heretical thoughts. I wish he had read the writings of those mujâhids who had studied and understood Islam well, such as ’Abd al-Qâdir Udah and Ahmad al-’Adwî al-Azharî who were contemporary with him; thus he would have learned the superiority of the Ahl as-Sunna scholars and attained the fortune of holding fast to their path, which is the only path to salvation. In fact, even those who said that he was an Islamic scholar could not refrain from saying, “His research into knowledge and philosophy has gifted him an unfaltering îmân,” meaning that his îmân was heretical and was based not on Islamic teachings but on – 234 –

philosophical thoughts. Some people who occupy religious posts and pass themselves off as religious authorities, besides getting decieved by the modernist, heretical ideas of Sayyid Qutb, strive to disseminate his un-Islamic ideas among the youth. And some others try to exploit this situation by mistranslating his tafsîr and some parts of his other books and publishing them for high prices. They attack our books because they reveal the facts, awaken the youth and thereby pose a hindrance to their exploitation. Because they cannot afford criticisms based on knowledge and documentation, they have recourse to lies and slanders. These liars cannot give any evidence for their accusations when they are defied to do so. The following fatwâ of Hadrat Ahmad ibn Hajar al-Makkî, a prominent Islamic scholar, is sufficient to understand how heretical and harmful Sayyid Qutb’s tafsîr, Fî dilâl al-Qur’ân, is: “The law courts should take preventive measures against those who, instead of quoting from the tafsîrs of Islamic scholars, write their own ideas as tafsîr and offer such tafsîrs to the people. Such tafsîrs are heretical and superstitious. Men of religious posts who publish them are heretics endeavouring to mislead others away from the right path.” A Muslim who reads this fatwâ, which is quoted from al- Fatâwâ al-hadîthiyya, should not be deceived by the writings of ignorant, heretical men of religious posts, should hold fast to the Ahl as-Sunna books, which those heretics try to defame, and should not buy or read the false, poisonous books of other heretics whom they praise highly and systematically. 58 - There is a group of people who have been visiting Islamic countries and preaching and advising Muslims under the name Tablîgh jamâ’at. Leaving India and Pakistan in gangs of three to five persons, these people have been going all over the world. They say that they try to spread Islam. They claim to be in the path of as-Sahâba. Some of them also say that they follow the Hanafî madhhab and admire Ibn Taymiyya. Although most of what they say is useful and true, the fact that they never mention the names and words of Islamic scholars and seem to conceal part of the Ahl as-Sunna knowledge arouses suspicion and anxiety. In the following, the writings of some of the religious authorities – 235 –

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