9 months ago

Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

murtadds, because they

murtadds, because they deny Islam’s basic tenets. Their saying kalimat ash-shahâda and professing that the Ka’ba is the qibla do not show their being Believers or Ahl al-qibla. None of the ’ulamâ’ and books of i’tiqâd and fiqh has permitted alteration of the indispensable, apparent and open religious teachings. Question 2: “It is understood that they are British spies. What would you say about those who, although they know their teachings and identify their heresy, call them Muslims, and even regard them as ’ulamâ’ of Islam and religious authorities, or praise them with the terms that have not been used for the superiors of Islam yet, and, by mentioning their names, they say, ‘They are the elect of our time. Their books are invaluable for the youth. Their writings prove their quality of perfection. They are the pillars of our religion and the guards of Islam.’ What would you say about those who praise them in this manner, write, publish and advertise their books as the ‘books of superiors of religion’?” Answer 2: One who does not believe in one of Islam’s basic tenets becomes a kâfir. Moreover, a person who doubts the fact that such people are kâfirs and will suffer eternal burning in Hell becomes a kâfir, too. That the latter, too, is a kâfir is openly written in the books Bazzâziyya, ad-Durr al-mukhtâr, Qâdî Iyâd’s Shifâ, Imâm an-Nawawî’s Rawda and Ibn Hajar al-Makkî’s al- A’lâm. It has been unanimously declared by the ’ulamâ’ of Islam that it also makes one kâfir to doubt that it is kufr if somebody does not regard a Christian, a Jew or a dissenter from Islam as a kâfir. This unanimity is written in the above-mentioned books. Now that doubt alone concerning a person’s being a kâfir would make one a kâfir, too, it should be imagined how worse a curse would be incurred by considering that person a Muslim, not to mention the titles of praisal reserved for the Islamic scholars squandered in extolling him. These words of ours describe well the situation of those who consider such people as ’ulamâ’ of Islam and praise and spread their speeches and writings teeming with kufr. Praise or effort to disseminate or to advertise shows approval and love. Approval of kufr causes kufr. Approval of kufr does not mean to want the kâfir to remain in kufr but to like his kufr. Question 3: “What does ‘ahl al-bid’a’ mean?” Answer 3: If the cause of an innovator’s dissent from Ahl as- Sunna is his belief in the superiority of ’Alî over Abû Bakr and – 254 –

’Umar (radiy-Allâhu ’anhum), he is of ahl al-bid’a as it is written in Hulâsa, Hindiyya and many other invaluable books. A person who does not believe in the khilâfat (caliphate) of one or both of the latter two Khalîfas was said to be a kâfir by the ’ulamâ’ of fiqh and to be a man of bid’a by the ’ulamâ’ of kalâm. For the sake of precaution, the term ‘man of bid’a’ should be used for them. A person absolutely becomes a kâfir if he says that Allâhu ta’âlâ is a creature, or that the present Qur’ân al-kerîm is deficient and contains alterations made by as-Sahâbat al-kirâm or (by others) later, or that ’Alî (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) or one of the Twelve Imâms is superior to prophets. It is written in Hindiyya, Zahiriyya, al- Hadîqat an-nadiyya and in fiqh books that he will be treated as a murtadd. There is detailed information on this subject in the book Makâlat al-mufassira an ahkâmi ’l-bid’ati ’l-mukaffira. [1] Question 4: “What would say about those who praise the people called ‘Bâtiniyya’ with the words the ‘stars of knowledge,’ ‘suns of ’ulamâ’,’ ‘great scholars of our time,’ or ‘guides of the century’ and about those who believe these words?” Answer 4: If they know that they praise those declared to be murtadds, they also become murtadds. Even if those praised are not murtadds, it is apparent that it is ugly and bad to praise them. The hadîth as-sherîf reported through Anas ibn Mâlik (radiy- Allâhu ’anh) by Ibn Abî ’d-dunyâ, Abû Ya’la and al-Baihakî and through Abû Huraira (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) by Ibn ’Adî says: “Praising a fâsiq (sinner) arouses our Rabb’s indignation.” [1] Ibn ’Âbidîn wrote on ‘unlawful nikâh in Radd al-muhtâr: “If one worships ’Alî (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) or says, ‘Jabrâ’il was ordered to reveal the Qur’ân to ’Alî, but he made mistake and revealed it to Muhammad,’ or ‘Abû Bakr was not a Sahâbî,’ or ‘Hadrat ’Â’îsha committed adultery,’ he becomes a kâfir. If he says that ’Alî (radiy- Allâhu ’anh) was superior to the two caliphs (Abû Bakr and ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum’), or curses or slanders a Sahâbî, he becomes a man of bid’a.” In the third volume, he wrote: “If one curses at or damns the two caliphs, be becomes a kâfir. Though those people caled Durzîs, Mulhids and Ismâ’îlîs practise the five fundamental duties of Islam, they become kâfirs because of their belief in transmigration of the soul and by regarding wine and intercourse as halâl and giving false meanings to âyats.” Ibn ’Abidîn, in his book Uqûd ad-durriyya, quoted Shaikh al-Islam ’Abdullah Effendi’s extensive fatwâ about the Shî’ites and names the groups that fell into kufr among them. – 255 –

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