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Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

man of bid’a gives up

man of bid’a gives up his bid’a, Allâhu ta’âlâ does not accept any of his acts of worship.’ Even the correct worship of an innovator in the religion, who changes a belief, worship, word or a habit in the religion, will not be accepted. That is, he will be deprived of reward for worship in the next world. He has to give up his bid’a. “5) It is declared in a hadîth reported by Ibn Mâja, ‘Even if a bid’a does not cause unbelief, its inventor’s fast, hajj, ’umra, jihâd, repentance or any goodness will not be accepted. It is as easy for this person to go out of the religion as pulling out hairs from the butter.’ [1] Though the kinds of fard and supererogatory worship which he does suitably with the rules will be valid (sahîh) and he will be absolved from the debt of worship, his worshipping will not be accepted (maqbûl), that is, he will not be rewarded in the next world. If his bid’a gives way to unbelief, that is, if he utters a word, uses something or does something which causes unbelief, his îmân will disappear and his warshipping will not be valid. A mand of bid’a considers his bid’a good and thawâb-deserving. Therefore, he gets out of the religion easily. The person who commits a bid’a supposes that it is an act of worship and expects reward for it in the next world. As for the person who commits a sin, he knows that his sin is a guilt, and he feels ashamed towards his Allâhu ta’âlâ and fears His punishment. Bid’as are grave sins, but not every sin is a bid’a. “Bid’a is an Arabic word. It means something that did not exist formerly and which has been invented later. In this respect, the changes, reformations done both in customs and in worshipping are bid’a. ’Âdat (custom) is an action which is done for its worldly benefits alone without expecting any reward as a recompense in the next world. In contrast, ’ibâda (worship) is the action as a recompense of which reward is expected in the next world. Since everything which had not existed in the times of the Sahâbat alkirâm and the Tâbi’ûn and appeared later is a bid’a, scholars have divided bida’ into such groups as mubâh, wâjib, mustahab and harâm. They have called that which is mustahab or wâjib a bid’at hasana. “In view of the religion, however, bid’a means an addition or [1] For the originals and explanations of these five hadîths, see an- Nablûsî’s Arabic book al-Hadîqat an-nadiyya published by Hakîkat Kitabevi. – 268 –

eduction that has been made in the religion and against the Prophet’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) consent after as-Sahâbat al-kirâm and the Tâbi’ûn; in other words, it is a change made in the name of worship and presumed to be thawâb-deserving. And reform in the religion means bid’a in the religion. Changes that are made in customs are outside of this kind of bid’a. The ones that are declared to be evil in the Hadîth ash-sherîf are the bida’ in the religion. These reforms do not help worship. They all spoil worship. “The reforms in the religion part into two groups: the bida’ in belief and those in ’ibâda. The reforms in belief are either made with ijtihâd, that is, they are derived from the Qur’ân and the Hadîth, or they are the fruits of predilection, reasoning or deducing. Ijtihâd requires to be done by a profound scholar, that is, a mujtahid. If a mujtahid makes a mistake in doing ijtihâd in belief, he will not be pardoned. He will be guilty. If the thing concerning belief, which he has misunderstood, is declared clearly in the religion and is so widespread that even the ignorant have heard about it and know it, this mujtahid and those who believe him will become unbelievers. A person who is understood to be an unbeliever cannot escape unbelief unless he repents this misbelief of his, even if he says he is a Muslim and spends all his life worshipping. If the thing concerning belief was declared openly but is not the kind everybody has heard of, or if it was not declared openly, he will become not an unbeliever but a man of bid’a or a heretic. This wrong belief of his is a sin which is worse even than the grave felonies such as murder and fornication. It was declared in hadîths that there would be seventy-two groups of bid’a and that they would all go to Hell. “If something related to belief is put forth in a wrong form by non-mujtahid men who think of themselves as mujtahids and attempt to interpret âyats and hadîths or speak according to their own points of view, those who believe it will become unbelievers even if it is not a clearly declared or widespread teaching. For example, a mujtahid who disbelieves, as a result of his ijtihâd, in Rasûlullah’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) Ascension (Mi’râj) or in the questioning in grave becomes a man of bid’a, i.e. a heretic, while a non-mujtahid man of religious post who, as a result of his own reasoning or opinion, disbelieves in them becomes a non-Muslim because of having slighted Islam’s teachings. – 269 –

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