3 weeks ago

Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

“Islamic scholars who

“Islamic scholars who have not gone wrong in their ijtihâd in the belief and the Muslims who believe the truth like them are called Ahl as-Sunna or Sunnî. “The worship of the seventy-two groups of bid’a is not acceptable even if they worship correctly. Their bid’a in their worshipping is an additional guilt, even if they call it ijtihâd. “The ijtihâds deduced by the Ahl as-Sunna scholars in the knowledge concerning ’ibâdât are not bida’. Their mistakes in finding out this knowledge will not cause them to be guilty. Leaders of the four madhhabs derived this knowledge, with the permission of the Prophet (’alaihi ’s-salâm) who announced Islam, from the sources which Islam prescribed. This knowledge has not changed Islam, but it has helped Islam. Ijtihâd cannot be employed on the things that are declared clearly in the Qur’ân and the Hadîth. They should be admitted as they are. It is not a guilt to go wrong in searching for the proof of something that has not been declared openly. But, if the proof stating the right way is clear and if the mujtahid goes wrong in finding out the proof, or by following his own mind without deriving from a proof, an ’ibâda based on this deduction is a bid’a and heresy. If such a reform causes a sunnat muakkada to disappear, it will be a worse sin. “The action Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) used to perform as an ’ibâda and omitted from time to time is called sunnat hudâ or sunnat muakkada. It has not been declared that those who sometimes omit them will be punished. An action which he never neglected and he said that those who would neglect it would be punished is called wâjib. That which he performed at times is called mustahab. An action which he used to do not as an ’ibâda but as a custom is called sunnat zawâid or adab. It is adab to begin with good things on the right and with bad things on the left and to use the right and left hands, respectively. “It is not a bid’a to make changes in customs. It is better for men of wara’ not to do it. It is declared in a hadîth, ‘Hold fast to my sunna and, after me, to the sunnas of al-Khulafâ’ ar-Râshidîn.’ The word sunna, when used alone, means everything that Islam declares. Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm), who taught Islam, did not declare anything on customs, for he came in order to preach the religion, not to teach people how to do the things they needed in the world. It is declared in a hadîth, ‘You know better how to do – 270 –

your worldly affairs,’ meaning that there was no need to tell them how to find and do the things that were useful for their world and that they should learn from him the religion and worship which they could not know. For this reason, customs remain outside of Islam. Changes that are done in the things outside of Islam are not bida’. “Minarets, schools, books and the like which have been invented later are not bida’ or reforms in the religion. These are things which help the religion. Islam has permitted and even commanded them. Things of this sort are called sunnat hasana. It is called sunnat sayyia to invent things which Islam has prohibited. Bida’ are sunnat sayyia. The reason why the sunnat hasana were not done in the time of as-Sahâba and Tâbi’ûn was because they did not need these useful things. They were performing the jihâd against unbelievers, conquering lands and spreading Islam over the world. In their time, men of bid’a had not appeared or increased. It is permissible and thawâb to invent sunnat hasana until the end of the world. “In ’ibâdât it is worse to commit a bid’a than to neglect a sunna. It is harâm to commit a bid’a while it is makrûh to neglect a sunna without an ’udhr. [1] If one supposes that it is thawâb to neglect a sunna without any ’udhr, it will be bid’a for him to neglect a sunna. When it is unknown if a belief, a deed or a word is a sunna or bid’a, it is necessary not to perform it, for it is necessary not to do the bid’a, and it is not obligatory to perform the sunna. If something not obligatory is omitted, it will not be performed afterwards. Therefore, the omitted sunnas of salât will not be performed afterwards. It is more blessed than all the worship of human beings and genies not to commit the most venial of the acts which Allâhu ta’âlâ has prohibited. For this reason, a wâjib also can be omitted where there is difficulty. But it has been said by scholars that harâm cannot be committed. For example, one cannot clean, in the presence of others, the parts of his body that have to be covered. “Unanimity of the mujtahids who lived in the same century is called ijmâ’. Ijmâ’ has to be based on a proof, a document. This proof is an âyat or a hadîth even if only one person has reported [1] ’Udhr means an excuse, a hindrance which Islam recognizes as a good reason for not doing a religious duty. – 271 –

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