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Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

it, or it is a qiyâs

it, or it is a qiyâs based upon them. Qiyâs is the explanation of something that has been declared indistinctly in the âyat and in the Hadîth. Hadrat al-Imâm al-a’zam Abû Hanîfa performed ijtihâd by way of qiyâs. “A person may become an ’ârif or a Walî without reading any books. He might interpret âyats but cannot be a guide. One cannot attach his heart to him. A perfect guide has to have reached the grade of ijtihâd in knowledge and the grade of Wilâyat khâssa al-Muhammadiyya in ma’rifa. A perfect guide’s every behaviour, every manner, every word is compatible with Islam. This means to say that he follows Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’ssalâm) in every respect. For this reason, Allâhu ta’âlâ loves him. Muslims, since they love Allâhu ta’âlâ, love also the person whom Allâhu ta’âlâ loves. Loving the perfect guide arises from loving Allâhu ta’âlâ and Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm). This love is called al-hubbu fi’llâh. It has been declared in a hadîth that the most valuable worship is al-hubbu fi’llâh. To perform the commands of a perfect guide means to obey Islam, for a perfect guide’s every word and every deed communicates Islam. The real person who presents knowledge on the earth is the perfect guide. Hence it can be understood that the words of the enemies of religion, ‘Instead of Allâhu ta’âlâ, they love a human being. Abandoning Islam, they worship a human being,’ about Muslims, are ignorant and base slanders. “Following as-Sahâbat al-kirâm is wajib. It is not permissible to make qiyâs on something which they already explained. Yet, it is not permissible for us the muqallids, that is, the persons who have not reached the grade of ijtihâd, to (directly) follow their words. Their words and action indicate the Nass (the Qur’ân and the Hadîth) and their own ijtihâds. Only the profound scholars who have attained the grade of ijtihâd can understand them. Our madhhab leaders have understood them and communicated them to us in a manner that we can comprehend. This means to say that those who want to adapt themselves to the Sahâbat al-kirâm have to follow the Ahl as-Sunna scholars. “It is declared in a hadîth reported by al-Bukhârî, ’Allâhu ta’âlâ declared, “My human creature cannot approach Me with anything else as close as he approaches by performing the fard actions. I love My human creature who approaches Me through supererogatory worship.” This hadîth indicates that the kind of – 272 –

worship which Allâhu ta’âlâ likes best consists of the fard actions. The supererogatory worship mentioned in the hadîth is the worship done in addition to the fard. It means that Allâhu ta’âlâ loves those who perform the fard and also the supererogatory worship. “Allâhu ta’âlâ says in sûrat al-Mâ’ida as ma’âl, ‘Look for a wasîla (cause) to approach Me.’ ‘Ma’âl’ means ‘according to what the scholars of Islam understood’. The Wahhâbîs say, ‘ ’Ibâdât are the causes. In order to attain Allâhu ta’âlâ’s approval and love, the ’ibâdât that are fard and nâfila should be performed. Entering a tarîqa, following a shaikh or entreating dead or living persons does not make one approach Allâhu ta’âlâ; on the contrary, one gets far away.’ The scholars of Ahl as-Sunna, however, say, ‘It is true that ’ibâdât are the causes. Yet, the ’ibâdât that are sahîh, correct and khâlis can be causes. ’Ibâdât are sahîh if one has correct îmân and pure morals and performs them in accordance to their conditions. For the salât to be sahîh, for example, ablution, using clean water, performing it in due time and towards the qibla, reciting the âyats, tasbîhs and prayers in salât correctly and knowing many other conditions and causes are necessary. Every ’ibâda has such conditions and causes. These are learnt by working for years, not by thinking or dreaming of them. They are learnt by hearing them from the ’ulamâ’ who believe, know and practise them or by reading their books, as scientific knowledge is learnt through professors in a long time. Such real scholars of Islam with pure îmân and heart are called ‘mudarris’ (professor), ‘mu’allim’ (trainer) or ‘murshid’ (guide). ‘Murshid’ does not mean ‘one who walks on the water surface, flies in the air, knows where a lost thing is and cures sick people by praying and blowing’, but it means ‘the scholar of Ahl as-Sunna who knows, practises and teaches to others the Sharî’a, that is, the ’ibâdât performed with the heart, soul and body’. To carry out the order in sûrat al-Mâ’ida, every Muslim should look for such a murshid or for his books and should learn all fard and nâfila ’ibâdât from him.’ “We should not fall for the wrong words of the ignorant men of religion, who do not know Islam, or for the fallacies of the evilminded people, who have not read the books of the Ahl as-Sunna scholars, or for the deceitful, false articles of those who follow the unsound minds of the deviated people who have gone astray and who lead everybody astray. Scholars of Islam have derived their – 273 –

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