9 months ago

Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

’ilm: knowledge,

’ilm: knowledge, science, ’ilm al- ’aqâ’id or -kalâm = ’ilm al-fiqh = fiqh; ’ilm al-hadîth, science of hadîths; ’ilm al-hâl, (books of Islamic teachings of one madhhab) ordered to be learned by every Muslim; ’ilm al-qirâ’a, science of the Qur’ân; ’ilm as-sulûk = tasawwuf. imâm: i) profound ’âlim; founder of a madhhab; ii) leader in congregational salât; iii) caliph. inshâ-Allah: ’if Allâhu ta’âlâ wills’. i’tikâf: retreat, religious seclusion during Ramadân. i’tiqâd: faith, îmân. junub: state of a Muslim needing ablution of his whole body; EBIV. -Ka’ba: the big room in al-Masjîd al- Harâm. kâfir: non-Muslim; one guilty of kufr. kalâm: (the knowledge of) îmân in Islam. kalimat at-tawhîd: SP. karâma: (p. -ât) miracle worked by Allah through a Wâlî; AM. kashf: revelation; AM. khalîfa: (p. khulafâ’) caliph; Khulafâ’ ar-Râshidîn, the Prophet’s immediate four caliphs. Khawârij: (Khârijîs) those heretical Muslims hostile to Ahl al-Bait. khutba: the preaching delivered at mosque; SP. kufr: (intention, statement or action causing) infidelity, unbelief. -kutub as-sitta: the six great, authentic books of the Hadîth; EBII. ma’ârif: pl. of ma’rifa. madrasa: Islamic school or university. mahram: within the forbidden (harâm) degrees of relationship for marriage (nikâh). makrûh: (act, thing) improper, disliked and abstained by the Prophet: makrûh-tahrîma, prohibited with much stress; AM. ma’rifa: knowledge about Allâhu ta’âlâ’s Dhât (Essence, Person) and Sifât (Attributes), inspired to the hearts of Awliyâ’. See Walî. ma’rûf: good acts approved by Islam. mashhûr: ‘well-known’ among ’ulamâ’; a kind of hadîths. masjid: mosque: al-Masjid al-Harâm, the great mosque in Mecca. mawdû’: a kind of hadîths. mihrâb: niche of a mosque indicating the direction of Mecca. mubâh: (act) that is neither ordered nor prohibited; permitted. mudarris: professor at madrasa. mufassir: expert scholar of tafsîr. muftî: ’âlim authorized to issue fatwâ. mujâhid: a Muslim who tries to spread Islam by means of publication, speech or struggle. mu’jîza: (pl. -ât) miracle worked by Allâhu ta’âlâ through a prophet; AM. munâfiq: hypocrite in the disguise of a Muslim though he believes in another religion. nafs: a force in man which wants him to harm himself religiously; an-nafs al-ammâra, AM. nass: (general term for an âyat or a hadîth.) nikâh: Islamic contract for marriage. nisâb: minimum quantity of specified wealth which makes one liable to do some certain duties; EBV. -Qabr as-Sa’âda: the Prophet’s shrine. qadâ: the instance of happening or creation of what is predestined; qadar, predestination of everything as Allâhu ta’âlâ has decreed from eternity; BI. qibla: direction towards the Ka’ba. qiyâs: (of a mujtahid) to resemble, to compare, an affair not clearly stated in the Qur’ân, Hadîth or ijmâ’ to a similar one stated clearly; conclusion drawn from such comparison; ijtihâd; SP. – 314 –

qutb: a Walî of highest degree; AM. Rabb: Allâhu ta’âlâ as the Creator and ‘Trainer’. rak’a: unit of salât; AM. Rasûlullah: Muhammad, the Prophet of Allâhu ta’âlâ: BI. ribâ: charging or paying interest. ru’ûs: final exam at the university level madrasa. Sahâbî: (pl. as-Sahâba) Muslim who saw the Prophet at least once; a companion of the Prophet. sahîh: i) valid, lawful; ii) (hadîth) authentic, soundly transmitted. Salaf as-sâlihîn: as-Sahâba and the distinguished ones among the Tâbi’ûn and their companions; AM. sâlih: one who is pious and abstains from sins. sâlik: one who is on a certain way in tasawwuf; AM. shafâ’a: intercession; SP. shirk: (statement, action causing) polytheism; ascribing a partner to Allâhu ta’âlâ. suhba (sohba): companionship; company of a prophet or Walî. sulahâ: pl. of sâlih. sultân al-Haramain: ruler of Mecca and Medina; Khâdim al-Haramain, one who serves Mecca and Medina. sunna: an act (done and liked by the Prophet as an ’ibâda) for which there is thawâb if done, but sinful if continually omitted and kufr if disliked; the Sunna, i) (with fard) all sunnas collectively; ii) (with the Book) the Hadîth; iii) (alone) the Sharî’a. sûra (t): a chapter of the Qur’ân. tâ’a: those acts that are liked by Allâhu ta’âlâ; AM. ta’addud az-zawjât: (permission for) a Muslim man’s marrying up to four women. -Tâbi’ûn: successors of as-Sahâba, AM. tafsîr: (a book of, the science of) explanation of the Qur’ân. taqwâ: fearing Allâhu ta’âlâ; abstention from harâms, practising ’azîmas. tarîqa: paths or schools of tasawwuf, defined by Islamic scholars; AM. tashaffu’: asking shafâ’a. tawakkul: trust in expectation of everything from Allâhu ta’âlâ. tawâtur: state of being widespread, which is a document for authenticity and against denial. tawhîd: (belief in) the Oneness, unicity, of Allâhu ta’âlâ. thawâb: (unit of) reward in Paradise. ’ulamâ’: pl. of ’âlim; ’ulamâ’ arrâsihîn, those learned in both zâhirî and bâtinî sciences. umma: the community, body of believers, of a prophet. ’umra: minor (not fard but sunna) pilgrimage to Mecca; AM. usûl: i) methodology or fundamentals of a religious science; ii) methodologies of basic Islamic sciences; SP. wahî, wahy: the knowledge revealed to the Prophet from Allâhu ta’âlâ, AM. Walî: one loved and protected (by Allâhu ta’âlâ). pl. Awliyâ. waqf: a pious foundation. wara’: abstention from mushtabihât (doubtful things); AM. wilâya: state of being a Walî; AM. zâhid: a man of zuhd; ascetic. zâhirî: antonym of bâtinî; AM. zindîq: an antheist who pretends to be a Muslim. zuhd: not setting one’s heart on worldly things, even mubâhs; AM. – 315 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1

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    Bismi’llâhi ’r-rahmâni ’r-r

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    even if those who govern you are Ab

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    suits their purpose? It is not perm

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    over and over again and applauded a

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    constitutions of European kingdoms

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    one another. We think it would be p

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    When he said, “O Allah! Tell me t

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    into discussion provided they will

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    as-Sahâba (radiy-Allâhu ’anhum)

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    eliefs, commands and prohibitions.

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    advantages of the rules of Islam to

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    These words of the reformer show hi

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    several meanings in accord with the

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    each race will fade away. This theo

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    We will tell about all these clearl

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    of religious scholars is to teach u

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    Despite the âyats, “If Allâhu t

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    Those who claim to be Ahl as-Sunna

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    hadîth says that seventy prophets

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    accursed, that they will never atta

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    which man would do with his own con

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    fervent fanatic of the Jabriyya doe

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    their ears and eyes,” at the begi

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    does not mean busying with delusion

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    direction, patriotism, honour and h

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    oth in this world and in the next w

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    Jabrâ’îl (Gabriel) came to me.

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    worship and useful deeds of those w

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    away. As it is necessary to carry o

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    towards him, and that they would sa

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    worth the Qur’ân, which has an e

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    poems of Shakespeare, Victor Hugo a

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    Paradise, the scholars of fiqh depr

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    love Allâhu ta’âlâ considering

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    from doubtful things (between harâ

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    elong to religious hands and there

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    teachers. It is not knowledge and s

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    necessary for the existence of crea

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    elations between and laws concernin

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    (’alaihimu ’s-salâm) and utter

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    attempt again to understand the elo

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    days”, and the scholars of fiqh t

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    were executed by shooting when they

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    Beg recommends Arabic as a common l

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    The sixty-forth âyat of the sûrat

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    fact, she swears at them. A youngst

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    sharp imagination we think a Venus

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    the street. Veiling is the curtain

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    ake of the conscience under the pre

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    y saying, “Life is in common,”

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    moon. On this rare occasion he fall

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    words, if he does not feel any fear

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    “The person who commits adultery

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    has fled and has not left nafaqa, t

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    declared in the Qur’ân that men

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    sensations than men are. As lust is

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    justice,” the following points al

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    disbelievers. They do not commit an

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    praised in this hadîth: “The sch

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    have spread all over Muslim countri

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    deplorable state in his Tabaqât al

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    expense of a journey,” to distort

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    and intelligence much. Burhân ad-d

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    He also quoted some other hadîths.

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    him whom Thou loved most among Thin

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    through Muhammad (’alaihimu ’s-

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    them and who respect shrines by per

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    unbelief but harâm for a worshippe

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    elief, they prostrated themselves b

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    Shaiba and Ibn ’Abd al-Birr repor

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    hundred and tenth âyat of the sûr

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    Sunna scholars. Muslims with right

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    (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) martyrdom by

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    in a pitiable condition. The entire

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    not be any Islamic scholar left on

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    them today. It is a tactic of the e

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    path and make him a means for guidi

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    According to many scholars, ’Abd

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    patient. He worshipped much. (95-15

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    Holy War in Islam. Our ancestors pe

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    Shâh Walî-Allâh ad-Dahlawî wrot

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    A mujtahid belonging to the fourth

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    people of bid’a. We should hold f

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    [Walî-Allah ad-Dahlawî himself] p

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    al-istinbât wa wujûh at-tatbiq ba

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    all the Muslims on the earth are mu

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    employed a mulhid named Niyâz Fath

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    He had some activities in Beirut fo

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    espects and his belief in one respe

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    had been commented on first by Ibn

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    might take a whole life-span to exa

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    e black and is never believable to

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    the jizya and become Muslims theore

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    ask for the people’s help.” Any

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    expenditure. It is not a procedure

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    State has to distribute what it has

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    1) If some dain property is in a po

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    “It was in ancient times to pay z

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    This is not an expression of object

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    for jihâd and for legitimate servi

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    mosque or giving alms, he becomes a

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    these days of bliss?” “Yes, the

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    government oppresses and if opposin

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    sin to be forgiven. Allâhu ta’â

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    the name of Islam, which are incomp

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    of fact, these wishes of his have b

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    enormous property and vast areas of

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    ’anh). He attempts to change the

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    Imâm Abû Yûsuf opposes al-Imâm

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    ijtihâd and give fatwâ in matters

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    Salaf as-Sâlihîn broght from Ras

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    2) “Migration to Medina was done

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    and the unbelievers of the Alexandr

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    prescribed persons, it is permissib

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    from Zawâjir show clearly that the

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    philosophical thoughts. Some people

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    Mujâdala, ‘Those who believe in

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    footsteps of the Salaf as-Sâlihîn

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    absolutely tells that the knowledge

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    hadîth, he interprets it and bewil

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    if he had done so, he would not hav

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    of bid’a meant loving him since i

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    ta’âlâ in Paradise upon him who

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    Supremacy of Allâhu ta’âlâ’s

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    grave disaster! Âmin.” [1] 59 -

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    ’Umar (radiy-Allâhu ’anhum), h

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    path of Ahl as-Sunnat wa ’l-Jamâ

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    Or else, they set a bad example to

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    Imâm ’Alî (radiy-Allâhu ’anh

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  • Page 283 and 284: the literary men and the poets of h
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  • Page 289 and 290: was called “the Farthest Masjid
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  • Page 299 and 300: has been declared that various kind
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  • Page 309 and 310: him and serve him. Yahyâ bin Mu’
  • Page 311 and 312: A distich: If Haqq ta’âlâ wishe
  • Page 313: GLOSSARY BI, SP, AM, AEI and EB (I-
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