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Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

the sûrat al-Wâqi’a.

the sûrat al-Wâqi’a. Another group in denial of the blessings of Paradise and the punishments in Hell say that they are of no value when compared to love of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Yet the fact is that a person’s performing ’ibâdât for them does not indicate that he does not love Allâhu ta’âlâ. Those whom Allâhu ta’âlâ loves are in Paradise and Allâhu ta’âlâ is pleased with those who are in Paradise. Indeed, the greatest felicity is to attain His approval. But one cannot attain Allâhu ta’âlâ’s approval by ridiculing the blessings in Paradise which Allâhu ta’âlâ praises and tells Muslims to strive to attain. Because religion reformers want ’ibâdât not in order to escape the punishment and to win reward in the next world but for worldly order and comfort, it is understood that they do not think of Allâhu ta’âlâ’s approval. Love of Allâhu ta’âlâ is the teaching which Islam considers as the most important. But saying that this love alone will suffice for worldly order and regarding the fear of Allâhu ta’âlâ insignificant and unnecessary, although it is the source of every sort of happiness, is a clear sign of knowing nothing about the Qur’ân alkerîm and Hadîth ash-sherîf. Hadrat Muhammad (’alaihi ’ssalâm), the most exalted of men in every respect, said, “It is me who, among you, fears and stands in awe of Allâhu ta’âlâ most!” This hadîth and the preceding one about “Suhaib’ point out that the fear of Allâhu ta’âlâ is necessary. Fearing Allâhu ta’âlâ should not be supposed like fearing a cruel person! It is the fear combined with reverence and love. In poems which lovers wrote to their darlings there are many couplets telling about similar fear in them. A lover who regards his darling much higher than himself does not deem himself worthy of this love and explains his feelings in such a fear. Fear of Allâhu ta’âlâ and love of Allâhu ta’âlâ are like two wings taking people to salvation and happiness. The Prophet (sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam) said, “If a person fears Allâhu ta’âlâ, everything fears him. If he does not fear Allâhu ta’âlâ, he fears everything,” and “The extent of one’s intellect will be evident in the extent of his fear of Allâhu ta’âlâ.” A person who fears Allâhu ta’âlâ tries strictly to carry out His commands and to abstain from His prohibitions. He does not harm anybody. He shows patience towards those who harm him. He repents for his faults. He is a man of his word. He does every goodness for Allâhu ta’âlâ’s sake. He does not cast malicious glances on the possession, life or chastity of anybody. He does not wrong anybody in trade. He does favours to everybody. He abstains – 72 –

from doubtful things (between harâm and halâl). He never flatters the occupiers of high posts or the cruel. He respects men of knowledge and good morals. He likes his friends and they like him. He gives advice to wrong-doers and does not follow them. He is compassionate towards those younger than him. He shows honour to his guests. He does not talk behind anybody’s back. He does not run after his pleasures. He does not say anything harmful and even useless. He never treats anybody harshly. He is generous. He wishes property and rank in order that he may do favours to everybody by means of it. He does not behave hypocritically. He is not arrogant. Thinking that Allâhu ta’âlâ sees and knows every moment, he never commits evil. He is firm to His commands and runs away from His prohibitions. In short, those who fear Allâhu ta’âlâ are useful to their country and countrymen. 35 - The reformer says: “Because the Ottoman state was based on the principles of the religion it started everything with madrasa education. In madrasas today, Arabic, sarf, nahw, logic, fiqh, badî’, bayân, ma’ânî are taught. They teach them in order to correctly understand the religious books which are in Arabic. They say that the gate of ijtihâd has been closed. The majority of those who got education in the madrasa have remained on the first steps of these branches of knowledge. Not [even] one out of a hundred hodjas knows how to read and write correctly. Many of the hodjas, whose lives elapse in the madrasa, cannot pass beyond reading and writing as if it were a sea without shores, and the meaning remains unknown to them like the poles. They are lazy, ignorant and fanatical. I wish their fanaticism were for something which they knew. They are fanatical in defending something which they do not know. And their purpose is to exploit Muslims and live comfortably. Though these hodjas are ideally and morally ignorant, they are in the disguise of religious scholars. There are real scholars among them. It is a debt for us to respect them. Today, there is nothing left of Islam in madrasas. Pulpits, made in order to teach the religion, decency and the Qur’ân, are used for nothing but deceiving Muslims.” When the excessive reformer Baykiyev of Kazan, Russia, said these words, Islam, whatever was left of it on the earth, existed only in the madrasas which he disliked, and today in communist Russia, whose programs begin with the statement that it is necessary to eradicate religions, none of those madrasas and – 73 –

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