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8 months ago

Islams Reformers

The bigotry of the religion reformers or bigots of science who surfaced lately to blame all previous scholars, basic fundamental beliefs or practices

imagined out of illness.

imagined out of illness. This is obviously a folly which they say out of the illness of denial that has pervaded their minds, because one part of their words proves the other to be a lie. In other words, communists refute themselves with their own words. Literary men understand the author of a poem from the literary style of the poem without looking at his signature. The specialists in literature examined the Hadîth ash-sherîf, which are Rasûlullah’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) sayings, and the Qur’ân al-kerîm and saw that they were unlike each other. It has never been seen in the history of letters that one person had two kinds of style completely unlike each other; it is impossible. It is like a man having two faces unlike each other. Another respect in which the Qur’ân is different from and superior to the Hadîth and other divine books is that up to present time it has remained unchanged as it descended from heaven. Not only its letters and punctuation have remained unchanged, but also, besides the various pronunciations of the words in the Qur’ân, their being pronounced in long, short, open, closed, deep or thin voice has remained as Rasûlullah (’alaihi ’s-salâm) revealed and pronounced them. One could not help being bewildered at the science called “ilm al-qirâ’a”, on which many books have been written, and at Muslim scholars’ studies and services in this way. Not a single word has been taken out of or added to the Qur’ân later, for Muslim scholars have put a very strong principle lest the Qur’ân be injured, lest even a small doubt approach it: that the Qur’ân must be conveyed through unanimity in every century. In every century from the Prophet’s (’alaihi ’ssalâm) companions up to today, it has come to us through hundreds of thousands of people who have memorized the Qur’ân and who could not be thought of as agreeing on a lie. It flows towards eternity like an overflowing river that never stops for a moment. Despite the presence of enemies of Islam all over the world today, every letter and dot of one copy of Allâhu ta’âlâ’s book, thanks be to Him, are the same in another. It may be understood how dependable the faithful’s Book is also from the fact that no matter how emphatic they may be, some different pronunciations, which belonged to some great companions of the Prophet (’alaihi ’s-salâm) but were not accepted unanimously, have not been considered to be of the Qur’ân. For example. Hadrat ’Abdullah ibn Mas’ûd (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) conveyed the âyat “fasting for three days”, which defined the atonement (kaffâra) for breaking an oath, as “fasting for three consecutive – 86 –

days”, and the scholars of fiqh taking this as a document, made it necessary to perform the atonement by fasting for three days without intervals. But, though Hadrat ’Abdullah ibn Mas’ûd (radiy-Allâhu ’anh) was one of the great ones of the Prophet’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) companions and a very dependable person, the word mutatâbi’ (consecutive) was not included to the Qur’ân, because he was alone in his argument. As a precaution, only the meaning of his word was taken and, again as a precaution, it was not put into the Qur’ân. These are called “qirâ’at shâdhdha”. Rasûlullah’s (’alaihi ’s-salâm) own sayings are called al-Hadîth ash-sherîf. Surprisingly cautious labours have been done in learning and preserving the Hadîth. Every saying of Fakhr al-’âlam (the ‘Honour of all creatures’, Prophet Muhammad) was memorized by his campanions and conveyed to those who did not hear it or who came later. Thus, ’ilm al-hadîth, which is like an infinite sea, was established. Despite the Qur’ân, the evident, unequalled miracle, why should not Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm) whose life and sayings are minutely obvious and each action was a proof of his prophethood, be a prophet, while believing in Mûsâ and ’Îsâ’s (’alaihimu ’s-salâm) being prophets by depending on complicated and obscure histories? We are surprised at and regret this denial and obstinacy on the part of Jews and Christians. Nationality is not a virtue which one can obtain by working and wishing. Nationality is the unity of advantage of those who have been born and grown up in the same country. It is a favour gained from birth without working for it. One should be thankful to Allâhu ta’âlâ who has endowed this favour upon him. And one is thankful by endeavouring for the continuation of the endowment and for being much more helpful to others. Islam is the integral part of Turkish nationalism and orders that one should work for the continuity of this nationalism and for being more helpful to others, that one should love others and render the same rights also to the fellow-countrymen of other religions and that justice and social rights should be shared equally. Those who live in the country where the above-mentioned orders and national duties are undertaken should be proud of their nationalism and pray for their ancestors, ghâzîs and martyrs who bequeathed this favour to them. They should love and respect their national anthem and flag which are the symbols of this unity and happiness of theirs. They should obey the laws and government that directs them and works for their welfare, and they should pay their taxes willingly. For those who love one – 87 –

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