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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

If a person becomes wet

If a person becomes wet and yet cannot find water to use for an ablution and cannot find something to use for a tayammum either, he dries a piece of mud and makes a tayammum with it. Supposing a few people have made a tayammum each; if only one of them sees water, the tayammums made by all of them will become null and void. If a person brings some water (for a group of people) and says that one of the group is to use the water for making an ablution, the tayammums made by all the group will become fâsid, (i.e. null and void.) However, if he says that the water is for the entire group to make an ablution each and yet the water provided is enough for only one person’s ablution, the tayammums made by all of them will be sahîh (valid and sound). Supposing a person has become junub [1] and cannot find water anywhere but in a mosque; first he makes a tayammum for a ghusl and thereafter enters the mosque to get the water. However, if he cannot find water in the mosque, he will have to make another tayammum for performing namâz. Supposing a person sitting in a mosque experiences a nocturnal emission; he makes a tayammum and leaves the mosque. Supposing a person does not have hands; he may make a tayammum. However, that person will not be absolved from having to make an istinjâ if they have someone to help them do so. [2] If they do not have anyone to help them, they will be absolved from it. If a person does not have hands and feet, they will be absolved from having to perform namâz, according to the Tarafeyn, (i.e. Imâm A’zam Abû Hanîfa and his discriple Imâm Muhammad Sheybânî.) According to Imâm Abû Yûsuf, however, that person still has to perform namâz. On the other hand, it is not permissible to make a tayammum for Friday prayer. In other words, if a person does not have time long enough to make an ablution (for Friday prayer), it will not be permissible for him to make a tayammum in a hurry lest he should [1] Junub means (one) who needs to make a ghusl for reasons such as sexual relationship and nocturnal emission. Please review the chapter dealing with ghusl. [2] Istinjâ means to clean one’s front or back after urination or defecation. Please see the final part of the sixth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss for detail. – 104 –

miss the Friday prayer. [For, there is the early afternoon prayer (for people who have missed the Friday prayer. They will have to perform the day’s early afternoon prayer).] It is written in the book entitled Durr-ul-mukhtâr as well that it is not permissible to make an ablution with treacle of dates termed ‘nebîdh’. (Please see the eleventh paragraph of the thind chapter of the sixth fascicle of Endless Bliss for ‘nebîdh’.) If a person experiences a nocturnal emission during a journey, he makes a tayammum and performs his morning prayer. Thereafter he continues with his journey unti noon. When there is little time left before late afternoon prayer, so that the prescribed time for early afternoon prayer is about to come to an end, he makes a tayammum and performs the early afternoon prayer. Supposing this person finds water after late afternoon, will he have to reperform his morning and early afternoon prayers? Islamic scholars have not reached a consensus on this question. According to one qawl, he will have to do so, and according to another qawl, he will not have to do so. Probably, this matter should be made to take after the matter termed ‘tertîb’, (and which is explained in the seventh paragraph of the twenty-third chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss.) Supposing a person has a donkey carrying some water on it and loses his donkey; this person, (when it is prayer time and he needs an ablution,) makes a tayammum and performs his namâz. As he performs, the moment he hears his donkey’s braying he loses his ablution. Supposing a person is travelling on a horse and his companions will not wait for him if he dismounts from his horse; he makes a tayammum on his horse and performs his namâz (in a manner termed) îmâ, (i.e. simulation, signs.) If a person is making a perilous journey in a cold weather, so that making a ghusl may cause him to become ill, then he performs his namâz with a tayammum. A person who is setting out for a journey must have a tile or a brick among his personal belongings. For, if he has to make a tayammum at a place where things around him are all wet, then he makes a tayammum with the (tile or the) brick and performs his namâz. Supposing a person starts to perform the namâz of ’Iyd and somehow loses his ablution (during the namâz); he makes a tayammum and resumes his namâz if he knows that he will be too – 105 –

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