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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

mind or faints without

mind or faints without he himself causing it and stays in that state throughout six prayer times, he will not have to make qadâ of the namâzes which he did not perform (during those six prayer times. In other words, he will not have to perform them afterwards). Regardless of the number of the namâzes which an invalid failed to perform by way of îmâ (signs, simulation), he does not (have to) add to his will that an isqat of them should be performed. He makes qadâ of them all if he recovers.” (Please see the twenty-first chapter of the fifth fascicle of Endless Bliss for ‘isqat’ and dawr.) Ibni ’Âbidîn ‘rahmatullâhi ’alaih’ states: “It is makrûh for a healthy person to have his limbs of ablution washed or made masah on by someone else. It is permissible for a second person to bring him water for an ablution or to pour water as he himself washes (his limbs of ablution). If an invalid dirties his clothes or his bed all the time, or if it is burdensome to change them, he performs his namâzes with his najs clothes on. If the flat pieces of wood splints, plasters, ointments fall off after the injury under them heals, the (invalid’s) ablution becomes nullified. If the injury heals and the hings on it do not fall off, the (invalid’s) ablution and/or ghusl will become nullified again if they could be removed harmlessly. Allâhu ta’âlâ inflicts pains and illnesses on His beloved slaves in order to forgive their sins or increase the blessings they will be given in Paradise. Their worship is troublesome and laborious. In return for that, He gives them ease and succour in their worldly activities and barakat in their rizq (food, drink, and vital needs which Allâhu ta4âlâ foreordained in the eternal past for each and every one of His slaves. There is plenty of information about rizq throughout the six fascicles of Endless Bliss). He does not give the same ease and barakat to people who neglect their worship. Such people earn much by way of arduous toil, trickery, and treason and lead a life of pleasures, debauchery, which do not last long. Shortly thereafter they wind up in hospitals and prisons, grovelling in misery for the rest of their lives. The torment they will suffer in the Hereafter will be incomparably more severe.] ISTINJÂ, ISTIBRÂ, and ISTINQÂ Istinjâ means to wash the known parts with water, and istibrâ means, after urination, to wait by walking around or doing something else until urinary bladder is no longer wet (before making an ablution). Istinqâ means the heart’s becoming asured about physical clealiness. – 108 –

There are four kinds of istinjâ: The one that is farz; if there is najâsat heavier than one dirham on one’s clothes or body or on the place where one is to perform namâz, it is farz to remove that najâsat with water. Istinjâ is farz also when making a ghusl. [One dirham in this context is a weight equal to one mithqâl, which in turn is equal to four grams and eighty centigrams.] The one that is wâjib; if there is najâsat as heavy as one dirham on one’s clothes or on the place where one is to perform namâz, it is wâjib to remove it. If it is lighter than one dirham it is sunnat to remove it. The one that is mustahab; if there is very little najâsat it is mustahab to remove it. The one that is mandûb; if one breaks wind when one’s bottom is wet it is mandûb to wash it. If one breaks wind when one’s bottom is dry it is bid’at to wash it. Sunnats of istinjâ: It is sunnat to clean oneself with a piece of stone or soil and thereafter to wash the cleaned part with water. If the najâsat cannot be completely removed and the remainder exceeds one dirham, if more than one dirham of it has smeared areas around the anus, it becomes farz to wash them with water. Thereafter the areas must be dried with a clean piece of cloth, or with the hand if a piece of cloth is not available. There is only one act that is mustahab to do when making istinjâ: To hold an odd number of stones. In other words, the number of stones (you hold in your hand) had better be three or five or seven. [A person suffering from enuresis must get a 12x12 cm. square piece of cloth and tie a half metre long piece of string onto one corner of it. The point of the penis is wrapped up in the cloth and the string is wound around the ends of the cloth, i.e. around the penis once. Its part close to the wrapper is doubled, the doubled end is passed under the wrapper and pulled so as to make the wrapper tight. Its loose end is tied into a loop, which is then attached to the underpants with a safety pin. In need of urination the safety pin is opened, the loop is taken off, and the cloth is undone by simply pulling the string. If it turns out to be difficult to take the loop of the string off the safety pin, then the loop is attached to a paper clip wire, which in turn will be attached to the safety pin. With some old men, the penis tapers, so that it – 109 –

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