9 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

’alaihim ajma’în’

’alaihim ajma’în’ and wrote these correct teachings in books, are called scholars of Ahl as-Sunnat ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaihim ajma’în’. They are scholars who attained the grade of ijtihâd in one of the four Madhhabs. These scholars believed only as they learned from the Ashâb-i-kirâm, rather than attempting to understand the meanings in the Qur’ân al-kerîm with their own minds and views. They spread the true way that they learned from our Prophet, rather than following their own understanding. The Ottoman State was a Muslim State, and they held the Sunnî creed. As is understood from what has been written so far, and as is written in many a valuable book, for being safe against disasters in the world and in the Hereafter and to lead a comfortable and happy life, it is necessary to hold an îmân taught by the scholars of Ahl as-Sunnat; that is, to learn their credal tenets and to believe them all. A person who does not hold the Sunnî credo will become either an ahl-i-bid’at, i.e. a heretical Muslim, or a mulhid, i.e. a kâfir (disbeliever). The second duty of a Believer with true îmân and correct i’tiqâd is to become sâlih, which means to attain grace and love of Allâhu ta’âlâ. With this end in view, one should acquire the Islamic teachings pertaining to what must be done and what must be avoided, physically as well as with the heart, and live accordingly. In other words, one should perform the acts of worship. Scholars of Ahl as-Sunnat explained the acts of worship in four different ways. Hence, the four (Islamically authentic) Madhhabs. [1] Because the points whereon they differ from one another are few and on insignificant matters, and since the same credal tenets bind them together, they both sympathize with one another and pay respect to one another. Each and every Muslim has to practise their acts of worship in obedience to one of these four Madhhabs. That a person who does not adapt himself to any one of these four Madhhabs will have abandoned the (only true way called) Ahl as-Sunnat is a definite fact, which is written (also) in the chapter entitled ‘Dhebâyih’ of Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Ismâ’îl Tahtâwî’s ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’ (d. 1231 [1815 A.D.] annotation to ’Alâ’uddîn Haskafî’s ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’ (1021, Haskaf – 1088 [1677 A.D.]) book entitled Durr-ul-Mukhtâr. If a kâfir (disbeliever) says, “I have become a Muslim,” he is to [1] The four Madhhabs pertaining to Islamic practices and which Islam authorizes are: Hanafî, Shâfi’î, Mâlikî, and Hanbalî. Details about these four Madhhabs are available from the publications of Hakîkat Kitâbevi in Istanbul. – 10 –

e believed, regardless of whether he is one captured in warfare or one who says so during peace time. But then he will have to immediately learn the six essentials of îmân and believe them. Thereafter he will have to learn and observe Islam’s commandments called farz (or fard) and its prohibitions called harâm whenever they become incumbent on him (or her), and whenever they have the opportunity to do so. If they do not learn them, or if they slight and neglect a single one of them although they have learned them, they will have overlooked the religion of Allâhu ta’âlâ. They will lose their îmân. People who lose their îmân like this are called murtadds (renegades, apostates). Of murtadds, the ones who disguise themselves as religious people and thereby misguide Muslims are called zindiqs. We should not believe zindiqs or their lies. As is written in the hundred and sixteenth page of the Turkish version of the commentary to the book entitled Siyar-i-kabîr, [1] and also in the final part of the chapter dealing with a disbeliever’s nikâh (marriage contract prescribed by Islam) of the book entitled Durr-ul-mukhtâr, if a person has reached the age of puberty without having professed Islam and without having conceived in his mind that he is a Muslim, if that nescience of his has been because of not knowing Islam and not as an indulgence in worldly interests, then he will be judged to be a murtadd (renegade, apostate). It is written in the final part of the chapter dealing with a disbeliever’s nikâh of Durrul-muhtâr that when a Muslim girl who is married with (an Islamic marriage contract termed) nikâh reaches the age of puberty without having known Islam, her nikâh, (i.e. Islamic marriage contract,) becomes null and void. [In other words, she becomes a murtadd.] Attributes of Allâhu ta’âlâ will have to be coached to her. She will have to repeat what she hears and say, “I believe them.” Ibni ’Âbidîn ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ explains this matter as follows: “When to girl is small, (i.e. below the age of puberty,) she is a Muslim, since her religion is to be named after that of her [1] That book was written by Muhammad bin Hasan bin ’Abdullah bin Tâwus bin Hurmuz Sheybânî (Imâm Muhammad) ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’ (135 [752 A.D.], Wâsit – 189 [805 A.D.], Rey), one of the greatest Islamic scholars aducated by Imâm Abû Hanîfa ‘rahmatullâhi ’alaih’. Shems-ul-aimma Abû Bakr Muhammad bin Ahmed ‘rahmatullâhi ’alaih’ (d. 483 [1090 A.D.]) wrote a commentary to the book, and the commentary was rendered into Turkish by Khwâja Muhammad Munîb Efendi of ’Ayntab (d. 1238 A.H.). – 11 –

  • Page 1 and 2: Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 2
  • Page 3 and 4: Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sal
  • Page 5 and 6: BOOKLET for WAY TO PARADISE Al-hamd
  • Page 7 and 8: made about his compatriot are among
  • Page 9: unending torment. If a kâfir has
  • Page 13 and 14: kept in prison until she becomes a
  • Page 15 and 16: of Kemâl such as His creating eart
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  • Page 19 and 20: and four Books named in the Qur’
  • Page 21 and 22: WA-L-YAWM-IL-ÂKHIRI: Also, I belie
  • Page 23 and 24: kerîm purports: “A person who in
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  • Page 27 and 28: and/or not to show due respect upon
  • Page 29 and 30: Îmân-i-maqbûl is the îmân of B
  • Page 31 and 32: means to believe and confirm the si
  • Page 33 and 34: There are three kinds of dhikr made
  • Page 35 and 36: guide of both our Madhhab in i’ti
  • Page 37 and 38: hundred and seventeenth sinful act:
  • Page 39 and 40: oys to dance or play games with the
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  • Page 43 and 44: eliminate all its benefits. The fou
  • Page 45 and 46: According to some Islamic scholars,
  • Page 47 and 48: page of the fourth edition of his b
  • Page 49 and 50: enewed. Please see the chapter deal
  • Page 51 and 52: ecome a kâfir. As a matter of fact
  • Page 53 and 54: and another person says, “Then we
  • Page 55 and 56: entire group of people, be there fi
  • Page 57 and 58: “Bismillâh-ir-Rahmân-ir-Rahîm,
  • Page 59 and 60: two kinds of makrûh: Karâhat-i-ta
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    asked: ‘You observe all kinds of

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    and to make a tayammum in want of w

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    of rukû’: To make the rukû’ t

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    ghusl made will not be sahîh if th

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    draw a comparison of crownings and

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    e done when imitating the Mâlikî

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    wire. He did not say that it would

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    Ghusls that are wâjib: It is wâji

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    ghusl and to perform namâz and to

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    in 981 [1573], Birgi, Aydın, Turke

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    women are menstrual (haid). Accordi

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    then her ’âdat has changed, and

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    5- In a succession of five days of

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    following its cessation, that the b

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    Husraw ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âl

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    the second period of purity were fo

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    4- To wash one’s fect, including

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    person with an ’udhr, (which is e

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    after using) a miswâk yield more t

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    canal to become wet and fall. [If t

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    inûrika yawma tebyaddu wujûhu awl

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    There are five obligatory essential

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    miss the Friday prayer. [For, there

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    than half of a person’s limbs of

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    There are four kinds of istinjâ: T

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    Subhânaka) it is sunnat to say,

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    is makrûh tahrîmî for women to r

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    Mahsher, eighty of the lines made u

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    only the first one you hear and, if

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    al-kerîm (on the radio, etc.) or t

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    together is called Azân-i-jawq. A

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    jamâ’at) and for a Muslim who is

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    “Rabbanâ laka-l-hamd,” after s

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    8- If you are with the jamâ’at,

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    salâmat (salvation, safety)! Pleas

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    your hands from the floor (or praye

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    can hear them. 13- To say, “Lâ h

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    dâira set (for the date) is moved

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    ‘kerrem-Allâhu wajhahu wa radiy-

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    exactly as he did when he was behin

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    same ’udhrs as the aforesaid ones

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    stated: “O my Ummat and Sahâba!

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    1- The Dâr-i-jelâl is of white n

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    [Muhammad Amîn Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    hullâhu ta’âlâ’ ferreted out

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    ecome six. The tertîb, (i.e. the f

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    thing. For, omitted namâzes must b

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    to the same poor person or to anoth

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    unanimously made by Islamic savants

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    amount from their wages. If the im

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    the minaret, (which in turn is outs

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    something which is wâjib or sunnat

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    ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ st

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    egins to perform his namâzes again

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    first qawl. The invalid’s ablutio

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    perform namâz with signs if it is

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    you need to make a ghusl.) 3- To de

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    3- ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘ra

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    someone about to die and thereby to

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    ’Umar, ’Alî, ’Uthmân, and

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    after the farz part of night prayer

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    of worship. [Please review the chap

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    TO PAY ZAKÂT The proof-texts for t

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    their money at harâm places or who

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    their weight must be taken as the b

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    permissible to pay the poor clothes

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    twenty mithqal of gold when it is c

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    By the same token, paper bills cann

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    niyyat (intention) of zakât will s

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    get up for the (late-night meal cal

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    If a person intentionally breaks (b

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    fasting) by night or any time befor

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    9- If one dies with îmân, it, (i.

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    [As is stated by Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    person to perform hajj: 1- To be a

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    guarantees a person’s rizq (suste

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    Islam,) and it incurs the severest

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    19- To make a false statement under

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    68- To laugh with an uproarious lau

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    72- Suicide, i.e. to kill oneself,

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    9- ’Abdullah ibni ’Umar ‘radi

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    talks, sounds, and dresses like a w

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    [That Qardâwî is a man of religio

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    two parts are equal in carrying out

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    and knowledgeable person, on the ot

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    admonish one’s Mu’min brother;

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    deserve) your blessed praise!” Th

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    6- In return for each and every mor

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    without performing the farzes, All

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    CONCERNING MARRIAGE There are many

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    stated: “If a woman comes to our

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    upon her until she asks her husband

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    husband is opposed to her doing so.

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    invalid, the woman’s mahram relat

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    fourth and fifth fascicles of Endle

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    Everyone shall die when their time

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    angels hold his soul from the botto

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    (Allâhu ta’âlâ), people with s

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    Thereafter the Angel of death takes

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    When they take off her clothes and

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    O My slave, you are alone now; they

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    visiting those blessed places; if w

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    So much dhikr should he make that n

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    They are organizing funeral process

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    from the snares set by those insidi

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    wa tutahhirunâ wa tubellighunâ bi

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