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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

ecomes no longer

ecomes no longer possible to wrap a piece of cloth around it. Such men should place their penis and scrotum in a small nylon bag and fasten the mouth of the bag. A person in the Hanafî Madhhab and who suffers from involuntary urination and yet who does not have an ’udhr makes his niyyat to imitate the Mâlikî Madhhab as he begins to make an ablution and/or ghusl and to perform namâz. It is stated as follows in the book entitled Kitâbul-fiqh ’ala-l-madhâhib-il-erba’a and which is prepared by Egyptian Islamic scholars presided over by ’Abd-ur-Rahmân Jezîrî ‘rahmatullâhi ’alaih’ (d. 1384 A.H.), one of the professors of Jâmi’ul-azhar: “According to a second qawl in the Mâlikî Madhhab, when an invalid or old person encounters a situation wherein their ablution becomes nullified, they become a person with an ’udhr outright, which in turn will absolve them from losing their ablution. Hanafî and Shâfi’î Muslims undergoing a (tough situation termed) haraj should imitate this qawl (ijtihâd).” [A Hanafî Muslim who involuntarily lets urine out during namâz imitates this qawl of the Mâlikî Madhhab when conditions are inconvenient. Making his niyyat, he continues with his namâz as a person with an ’udhr.] HOW TO PERFORM NAMÂZ There are four things whereby we enter namâz: By (way of) farz; by wâjib; by sunnat; by mustahab. In the Hanafî Madhhab, it is sunnat to raise your hands to a height level with your ears. It is sunnat to turn their palms to the direction of Qibla. It is mustahab, for men, to touch their earlobes with their thumbs, and for women to raise their hands to a height level with their shoulders; and it is farz to say, “Allâhu ekber.” It is sunnat to clasp your hands after making the Tekbîr, i.e. after saying, “Allâhu ekber.” It is sunnat to put your right hand on your left hand. It is sunnat for men to put their hands below their navel, and for women to put them on their bosoms. It is mustahab for men to clasp the wrists of their left hands with their right hands, like with a claw. In namâz, it is sunnat for the imâm as well as for the person who follows him, and also for a person performing namâz individually, to say the prayer termed ‘Subhânaka’. [1] (After the [1] ‘Subhânaka’ is said as follows: “Subhânaka Allâhumma wa bi hamdik wa tebâraka-s-muk wa ta’âlâ jed-duk wa lâ ilâha ghayruk.” – 110 –

Subhânaka) it is sunnat to say, “A’udhu billâh-im-in-esh-sheytânir-rajîm,” which is said by the imâm conducting the namâz (in a namâz in jamâ’at), and by a person performing a namâz individually, (and not by a person following the imâm in a namâz in jamâ’at.) It is sunnat to say the Basmala (after the “A’ûdhu ...). It is wâjib to say the Fâtiha-i-sherîfa (the first Sûra of the Qur’ân al-kerîm); it is farz to say three âyats or a long âyat as long as three âyats after the Fâtiha; it is farz to say an âyat from the Qur’ân alkerîm when standing in all the rak’ats of namâzes that are sunnat and in all those of the namâz of Witr and, when performing namâz individually, in the (final) two rak’ats of namâzes that are farz (and which consist of four rak’ats). It is farz to bow down (by bending the body) by the waist for the rukû’; it is wâjib to stay in that bowing position as long as a duration of time within which you could say, “Subhân-Allah,” three times. It is sunnat to say, “Subhâna Rabb-iy-al ’adhîm.” three times (as you are in that position). It is mustahab to say that prayer five or seven times. When you rise from the position of rukû’, and between the two sajdas, to remain motionless as long as a length of time within which you would be able to say, “Subhân-Allah,” once, is farz according to Imâm Abû Yûsuf; and wâjib according to the Tarafeyn, (i.e. Imâm A’zam Abû Hanîfa and his blessed disciple Imâm Muhammad.) Although it is sunnat according to some scholars, that it is wâjib is the dominant qawl. For the sajda, it is farz to put the head on the ground (or floor). It is wâjib to stay put for a length of time wherein you would be able to say, “Subhân-Allah.” It is sunnat to say, “Subhâna Rabbiy-al-a’lâ,” three times, and it is mustahab to say it five or seven times. Ibni ’Âbidîn ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ states: “When making the sajda, first the two knees, next the two hands, next the nose, and finally the forehead are put onto the floor. The thumbs and the ears must be in one line. In the Shâfi’î Madhhab the hands must be in a line with the shoulders. It is farz for at least one of the toes to be in contact with the ground (or floor). The ground (or floor) has to be hard enough for the head not to sink into it. A carpet or matting laid or wheat or barley spread on the ground will serve this purpose. A table, a sofa, or a carriage placed on the ground is a substitute for the ground. Swings, or cloths, rugs or mattings tied to trees or masts and hanging taut in the air are not substitutes for the ground. Sajda made on glassy things such as rice and millet or – 111 –

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