9 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)


SUNNATS of NAMÂZ: Sunnats of namâz in the Hanafî Madhhab are as follows: At the takbîr of iftitâh, (i.e. takbîr which is said when starting to perform namâz,) and also at the takbîr of Qunût, (i.e. as you say, “Allâhu ekber,” before starting to say the prayers called Qunût during the final standing postion,) in the Salât-i-Witr, for men to raise their hands to their ear-lobes and for women to raise their hands to a height level with their shoulders, and (for both sexes) to turn their palms so as to keep them in the direction of Qibla (momentarily). During the Qiyâm, (i.e. standing position in namâz,) the wrist of the left hand should be clasped by using the thumb and the small finger of the right hand. Women, however, put their right hands atop their left hands. Men clasp their hands below their navels, and women place them on their bosoms. To say the prayer that reads, “Subhânaka...,’ during the first rak’at of every namâz –for the imâm and the jamâ’at and the single– handed performer alike. For the imâm and for the individual performer, to say the A’ûdhu and the Basmala after the Subhânaka in the first rak’at. Likewise, for the imâm and for the individual performer, to say the Basmala-i-sherîfa before (saying) the Fâtiha-i-sherîfa at each rak’at. To say, “Âmîn –silently–,” (at the end of the Fâtiha-isherîfa,) which is incumbent both upon the imâm (conducting a namâz in jamâ’at) and upon (the congregation of Muslims called) the jamâ’at as soon as the imâm says, “... wa la-d-dâllîn,” (which are the last two words of the first Sûra of the Qur’ân al-kerîm and called) the Fâtiha, and upon the individual performer [1] when they finish (reciting) the Fâtiha. To make the Takbîr, (i.e. to say, “Allâhu akbar,”) when bending down for the Rukû’ from the Qiyâm (standing position). To put your hands, with fingers wide apart, on your knees, at Rukû’. To say, “Subhâna Rabb-iy-al ’adhîm,” three times at Rukû’. At Rukû’, your head and your waist should be level with each other. [2] For the imâm (conducting a namâz in jamâ’at) and for the individual performer, to say, “Semi’- Allâhu liman hamideh,” when straightening up from the Rukû’. For a Muslim performing a namâz in jamâ’at or on his own, to say, [1] By the individual performer’ we mean a Muslim performing namâz on his own. [2] It goes without saying that some of these rules apply for men only. We recommend that women read the last paragraph of the fourteenth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss for details on women’s performing namâz. – 124 –

“Rabbanâ laka-l-hamd,” after straightening up from the Rukû’. To say, “Allâhu ekber,” when going down for the Sajda from the (standing position termed) Qiyâm. To say, “Subhâna Rabb-iy-ala’lâ,” during the Sajda. To say, “Allâhu ekber,” when (raising your head and) sitting up from the first sajda. To say, “Allâhu ekber,” when going down (for the second sajda). To bring the fingers together at the sajda. At the sajda, men (should) put their knees on the floor (or on the ground) and separate their thighs from their abdomens, whereas women (should) bring their thighs into contact with their abdomens. To say, “Allâhu ekber,” when rising from the second sajda. Men (should) sit on their left foot, with their right foot erect. To say the prayer of salawât at the Qa’da-i-âkhira (last sitting posture). To turn your head (right and left) as you make the salâm to your right and left. During the (sitting posture whereat you say the prayer called) Tehiyyât, to put your hands on your laps with your finger tips in line with the points of your knees and the fingers themselves left to themselves. To turn your hands and toes to the direction of Qibla, at the Sajda, and in the meantime your hands should be in line with your ears. To make the Sajda with seven of your limbs on the floor (or ground) simultaneously. To say only the (Sûra called) Fâtiha-i-sherîfa during the (standing positions of the) last two rak’ats of namâzes that are farz and which centain four rak’ats. To say the Azân-i-Muhammadî in a manner dictated by the Sunnat-i-sherîfa. For men to perform the Iqâmat (or Qâmat) (before beginning to perform) the farz namâzes, no matter whether they are being performed in jamâ’at or by individual performers. MUSTAHABS of NAMÂZ: Mustahabs of namâz in the Hanafî Madhhab are as follows: For the jamâ’at not to remain seated and to stand up as soon as the muazzin pronounces the expression, “Hay-ya-’ala-s-salâh,” as he performs the Iqâmat, (which calls the Believers to perform namâz in jamâ’at.) For men to touch their ear-lobes with their thumbs as they say the Takbîr of Iftitâh and the Takbîr for the prayers of Qunût in the namâz of Witr. As they clasp their hands during the Qiyâm, to clench the wrist (of left hand) rather tightly. To look at the place of sajda during the Qiyâm. At the Rukû’ and at the sajda, to say the tasbîh, (i.e. to say, “Rabb-iy-al ’adhîm,” and, “Rabb-iy-al-a’lâ,” respectively,) five or seven times. To look onto your feet as you make the Rukû’. To bring your feet together as you are bending down for the Rukû’. To detach your left foot from your right foot as you straighten up back to the (position) of – 125 –

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