8 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)


commendable for the (Muslims in the) jamâ’at and the imâm to say their prayers (or to offer their benedictions) in whispers. It is also permissible for each and every one of them to say their prayers singly or to stand up and leave without having said their prayers. It is stated as follows in the book entitled Fatâwâ-i- Hindiyya (prepared by a group of scholars presided over by Shaikh Nizâm Mu’în-ud-dîn Naqshibandî): “In a namâz that contains a final sunnat, (e.g. early afternoon and evening and night prayers,) it is makrûh for the imâm (who has conducted the farz part of the namâz in jamâ’at) to remain seated after making the salâm. He should immediately perform the final sunnat after moving rightwards or leftwards or backwards a little. Or, he may as well leave, go home, and perform the final sunnat at home. The (Muslims making up the) jamâ’at, as well as a Muslim who has been performing the namâz on his own, may remain seated and say their prayers. It is also permissible for them to stand up and perform the final sunnat at the place where they have been sitting or somewhat moving rightwards or leftwards or backwards. In namâzes that do not have a final sunnat, it is makrûh for the imâm to remain seated in the direction of Qibla; in fact, it is an act of bid’at. He ought to get up and leave or turn towards the jamâ’at or turn right or left and then sit down again.” PRAYERS TO BE SAID (or benedictions to be offered) AFTER NAMÂZ “Al-hamd-u-li-l-lâhi Rabb-il-’âlamîn. Es-salâtu wa-s-salâmu ’alâ Rasûlinâ Muhammadin wa ’alâ Âlihî wa Sahbihî ajma’în. Yâ Rabbî (o my Rabb, Allah)! Please do accept the namâz that I have performed! Please do bless me with khayr (goodness) in my âkhir (latter life) and in my ’âqibat (end). Bless me with the fortune of saying the Kalima-i-Tawhîd in my last breath, (i.e. when dying.) Bless my dead kinsfolk with Thine ’afw and maghfirat (forgiveness and compassion). Allâhum-maghfir warham wa anta khayr-urrahimîn. Teveffenî Musliman wa-al-hiqnî bi-s-sâlihîn. Allâhummaghfirlî wa-li-wâlidayya wa-li-ustâziyya wa-li-lmu’minîna wa-l-mu’minât yawma yaqûm-ul-hisâb. Yâ Rabbî! protect me against the evils of the Satan and against the evils of the enemy and against the evils of my own nafs-i-ammâra! Please do bless our home with goodness and halâl and good sustenance (food, etc.). Please do bless the ahl-i-islâm, (i.e. Muslims,) with – 128 –

salâmat (salvation, safety)! Please annihilate and destroy the a’dâyi-muslimîn, (i.e. Muslims’ enemies!) Please help the Muslims who have been making jihâd against unbelievers, and bless them with Thine imdâd-i-ilâhî! Allâhumma innaka ’afuwwun kerîmun tuhibb-ul-’afwa fa’fu ’annî. Yâ Rabbî! Bless our invalids with good health and the wretched ones among us with relief! Allâhumma innî es’eluka sihhata wa-l-âfiyata wa-l-amânata wa husn-al-khulqi wa-r-ridâa bi-l-qadari bi-rahmatika yâ erham-er-râhimîn. Please bless my parents and my children and my kinsfolk and my friends and all my Muslim brothers with a life embellished with khayr and with husn-i-khulq and with good health and with rushd-u-hidâyat and istiqâmat, yâ Rabbî! Âmîn. Wa-l-hamd-u-li-l-lâhi Rabb-il- ’âlemîn. Allâhumma salli ’alâ seyyidinâ Muhammadin wa ’alâ Âli-Muhammad kamâ sall-ey-ta ’alâ Ibrâhîma wa ’alâ Âl-i-Ibrâhîm innaka Hamîd-un-Mejîd. Allâhumma bârik ’alâ Muhammadin wa ’alâ Âl-i-Muhammad kamâ bârakta ’alâ Ibrâhîma wa ’alâ Âl-i- Ibrâhîm innaka hamîd-un-mejîd. Allâhumma Rabbanâ âtinâ fi-ddünyâ hasanatan wa qinâ ’adhâb-an-nâr birahmatika yâ-Erhamer-rahimîn. Wa-l-hamd-u-li-l-lâhi Rabb-il-’âlamîn. Estaghfirullah, estaghfirullah, estaghfirullah, estaghfirullah-al-’adhîm al-kerîm alledhî lâ ilâha illâ Huw-al-Hayy-al-Hayy-al-Qayyûma wa etûbu ilaih.” MAKRÛHS of NAMÂZ 1– To look at both sides, with the neck bent. 2– To play with something on yourself. 3– Without an ’udhr, (i.e. a good reason to do so,) to sweep the place of sajda with your hand (during namâz). 4– For men to keep their hands on their chest when standing (in namâz) and to keep them in line with their chest when making the sajda. 5– To snap your fingers, (or to make your fingers crackle.) 6– To sit cross-legged without any ’udhr to do so. 7– To raise one of your legs during the Sajda. 8– As you perform namâz, to wear something which you would not wear in the presence of your superiors (or seniors). 9– To perform namâz against someone’s face. 10– To perform namâz against fire. – 129 –

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