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7 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

say the takbîr of

say the takbîr of iftitâh when starting to perform namâz (in jamâ’at), they should make their niyyat to start performing namâz. Their namâz will not be sahîh if they make their niyyat (intention) only to get their voice heard by the jamâ’at. And the namâz of the people following will not be sahîh, either. It is makrûh for the muazzin to repeat the takbîrs within the namâz loudly if the imâm’s voice is audible enough. It is a hideous bid’at to do so. It is mustahab for them to do so when needed, but then a muazzin’s namâz will be fâsid if he does so for the purpose of singing a melody.” Hence, the imâm’s and the muazzin’s making their voices heard by using a loud-speaker not only makes the jamâ’at’s namâz fâsid but also prevents their own namâz from being sahîh. It is a hideous bid’at into the bargain. And it is gravely sinful to commit a bid’at. That it is not sahîh to follow an imâm who is conducting a namâz in jamâ’at at some other place and whom you see and hear by way of television, is written by documentation with proof-texts in an article in the twelfth issue, dated Rabî’ul-awwal, 1406, and December, 1985, of the periodical entitled al-Mu’allim, published by Indian scholars in Malappulam.] And What Will Not Nullify Your Namâz: If there is an unoccupied line before you and you walk there by taking one or two steps or if you say, “Âmin,” not in reply to someone or if you acknowledge someone’s greeting, (i.e. someone’s saying, “Salâmun ’alaikum,”) [1] by making a sign with your eye-brows or eyes or if someone asks you how many rak’ats you have performed and you make a sign with your fingers; in none of these cases will your namâz break. Lexical meaning of ‘salât’ is ‘compassion on the part of Allâhu ’adhîm-ush-shân and istighfâr on the part of angels and prayers on the part of Believers’. Its technical meaning is ‘ef’âl-i-ma’lûma and erkân-i-mahsûsa’, i.e. ‘namâz’ in Turkish, (and ‘prayer’ in English. Ef’âl-i-ma’lûma means ‘acts which we perform outside of namâz’, and erkân-i-mahsûsa means ‘rukns (dictated standing positions, sitting postures, genuflections, and prayers) within namâz, and all these acts in the aggregate, are proper to namâz. One day, Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, in the beatitude special to his most blessed person, stated to Hadrat ’Alî [1] Please see the sixty-second chapter of the third fascicle of Endless Bliss for salutations and greetings. – 136 –

‘kerrem-Allâhu wajhahu wa radiy-Allâhu ’anh’: “Yâ ’Alî! You must observe the farzes, the wâjibs, the sunnats, and the mustahabs of namâz.” Thereupon a blessed Sahâbî among the Ansâr [1] remarked: Yâ Rasûlallah (O the Blessed Messenger of Allah)! Hadrat ’Alî already knows all these things. Tell us about the virtues of observing the farzes, wâjibs, sunnats and mustahabs of the farzes, wâjibs, sunnats and mustahabs of a namâz, so that we will act accordingly.” Hadrat Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “O my Ummat and my Sahâba! Namâz is what Allâhu ’adhîm-ush-shân is pleased with. It is what Ferishtehs (angels) like. It is the sunnat of Prophets. It is the nûr of ma’rifat. It is the best of a’mâl (Islamic practices). It is energy for the body. It is berekât for the rizq. It is nûr for the soul. It is acceptance for prayers. It is intercessor with the Angel of death. It is the lamp of the grave. It is an answer to (the questioning angels called) Hadrat Munkar and Nakîr. It is a canopy over you on the Rising Day. It is a curtain between Hell and you. It will make you pass the Sirât like lightning. It is a crown on your head in Paradise. It is a key to Paradise.” VIRTUE of NAMÂZ in JAMÂ’AT Supposing someone performed a namâz of two rak’ats in jamâ’at and a namâz of twenty-seven rak’ats on his own, the namâz of two rak’ats that he performed in jamâ’at would still yield more thawâb. According to another riwâyat (scholarly tradition), even if the namâz he performed consisted of a thousand rak’ats, two rak’ats of namâz performed in jamâ’at would still earn him more thawâb. There is plenty of thawâb in performing namâz in jamâ’at. Here are a few of its benefits: 1– When Believers come together, they will love one another. 2– Ignorant ones will learn about matters concerning namâz from learned ones. 3– If the namâz performed by some of them is acceptable while [1] When the Best of Mankind, Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ migrated to Medina (from Mekka) in 622 A.D., Muslims living in Medina met him with greatest happiness and accommodated the most blessed Prophet and the other Sahâbîs who migrated later with great hospitality. The emigrants have been called ‘Muhâjir’ (pl. Muhâjirîn) and the Muslims of Medina who helped them have been called ‘Ansâr’. – 137 –

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