2 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

long string is fastened

long string is fastened on the twisted corner. With aging people and some invalids, the penis dwindles, so that the cloth wrapped around it comes off. Such people put a piece of cloth as large as a handkerchief in a small synthetic bag, place the penis and the scrotum in the bag, and fasten up the mouth of the bag. If the amount of the urine on the cloth becomes more than one dirham (4.80 gr.), the cloth should be replaced. When the prayer time is over, the ablution of the person with the ’udhr becomes null and void. If, in addition to the already existent ’udhr, another reason for an ’udhr arises before the prayer time is over, their ablution becomes null and void on account of that (new) reason before the end of the prayer time. For instance, supposing you made an ablution during a (continnuous) bleeding through one of your nostrils; this ablution becomes void if another bleeding starts in your other nostril. In the Hanafî and Shâfi’î Madhhabs, being a person with an ’udhr requires continuous existence of a nullifier of ablution throughout a prayer time. If, for instance, a person’s bleeding stops temporarily and does not start again until that person makes an ablution and performs the farz part of the namâz of that prayer time, then that person is not one with an ’udhr. Once a person has become one with an ’udhr, his being so will continue throughout the following prayer times as long as the cause of his ’udhr recurs during each of those times, e.g. if, say, bleeding takes place only once within each prayer time, be it a single drop of blood observed. If no bleed recurs within a prayer time, that person is no longer one with an ’udhr. If more than one dirham of the najâsat [1] that has caused the ’udhr has smeared the person’s clothes, it is necessary to wash the part smeared with the najâsat if it is possible to prevent any more smear. It is stated as follows in the book al-Fiqh-u-’ala-l-Madhâhib-il-erba’a: “There are two qawls concerning an invalid’s being a person with an ’udhr in accordance with the rules of the Mâlikî Madhhab: According to the first qawl, something which nullifies an ablution must continue for more than half a prayer time and it must not be known when it began and when it ended. According to the second qawl, the invalid becomes a person with an ’udhr when the (inevitable) exudations start even in nonexistence of the two stipulations in the [1] Something, such as blood, urine, alcohol, etc. that has to be washed away from the place where you will perform namâz and/or from your clothes. Please see the sixth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss for details. – 172 –

first qawl. The invalid’s ablution does not become void. If the time when the exudation stopped is known, it is mustahab for the invalid to make an ablution before starting to perform namâz. An invalid or elderly person who is in one of the Hanafî and Shâfi’î Madhhabs and who is not a person with an ’udhr (according to those two Madhhabs) had better imitate the second qawl of the Mâlikî Madhhab.”] If a person fears that he may be taken ill or that his illness may become worse or linger in case he makes an ablution, then he makes a tayammum. This fear makes sense in the light of the person’s own experiences or a Muslim and ’âdil doctor’s advice. A doctor’s advice is acceptable so long as he is not notorious as a blatant sinner. Some probable causes of illness are: Cold weather and no place to shelter; failure to find something to heat the water or money to pay a public bath. In the Hanafî Madhhab you can perform as many farz namâzes as you wish with one tayammum you have made. In the Shâfi’î and Mâlikî Madhhabs you have to make a new tayammum for every farz namâz. If a person has running sores on half of his limbs of ablution, (i.e. on limbs that must be washed when making an ablution,) he makes a tayammum (in lieu of an ablution). If the running sores cover less than half (of the limbs of ablution), then that person washes the ones that are healthy and makes masah on the sore(s). Since the entire body is deemed as a single limb in ghusl, in case half of your body is covered with running sores, you make tayammum. If the part covered with running sores is less than half (of your entire body), than you wash the healthy part(s) and make masah on the sore(s). If masah on the sore(s) will exacerbate the sore(s), then you make masah on the bandage(s). If doing so also will be harmful, then you have been let off masah as well. If, when making an ablution or ghusl, masah on your head will be harmful, then you do not make masah on your head. A person who can not use water with his hand on account of something wrong with it [such as eczema or a running sore] on it, makes tayammum. (For doing so,) he rubs his face and arms gently on the ground [or on a wall covered with lime, stone or soil]. Supposing a person has no hands and feet and has a running sore on his face, then he performs namâz without an ablution. A person who cannot find someone to help him to make an ablution makes a tayammum. His children or his slaves or people whom he has hired have to help him (to make an ablution). As well, he asks others to help him. However, others do not have to help him. Husband and wife do – 173 –

Ramadan Guide
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Fourth Fascicle
O Son !
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Fifth Fascicle
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Sixth Fascicle
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Second Fascicle
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss First Fascicle
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Third Fascicle
The Rising and the Hereafter
Answer to an Enemy of Islam
Ethics of Islam
Belief and Islam
The Sunni Path
Sahaba - The Blessed
Pitfalls in the Quest for Knowledge - IslamBasics
Could Not Answer
Why Did They Become Muslims
Confessions of a British Spy and British Enmity Against Islam
Islam and Christianity
The Proof of Prophethood
Islams Reformers
Documents of the Right Word
Advice for the Muslim
5-Endless Bliss Fifth Fascicle - Hakikat Kitabevi