9 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

lessed person believed

lessed person believed that he had committed a grave sin that incurred hadd. Its being pardoned owing to the namâz performed shows that it was a venial sin. Or, by saying, “hadd,” he meant ‘ta’zîr’, which is inflicted as a requital for venial sins. That must have been the case, since he did not say, “Inflict hadd on me,” in his second inquiry. 5– ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ relates: I asked Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ what deed Allâhu ta’âlâ liked best. “Namâz performed in its right time,” replied the most beloved creature. In fact, it is stated in some hadîth-i-sherîfs that Allâhu ta’âlâ “likes very much a namâz that is performed in its early time.” I asked what deed Allâhu ta’âlâ liked second best. “Being good to parents,” he said. I asked what deed He liked third best, and the blessed Darling of Allâhu ta’âlâ replied: “Making jihâd in the way of Allah.” This hadîth-i-sherîf also is written in the two books of Sahîh. It is stated in another hadîth-i-sherîf: “The best of deeds is to give a dinner.” In another one: “The best deed is to spread the manner wherein Muslims greet one another.” (Please see the sixty-second chapter of the third fascicle of Endless Bliss.) In another one: “The best deed is to perform namâz at midnight, when all people are asleep.” In another hadîth-i-sherîf: “The most valuable deed is (to behave in such a way) that noone will be hurt by your hands, (i.e. manners) and tongue, (i.e. words).” In another hadîth-i-sherîf: “Jihâd is the most valuable deed.” In another hadîth-i-sherîf it is stated: “The most valuable deed is the hajj-i-mebrûr.” Hajj-i-mebrûr means a hajj that is accomplished without committing any sins. Another hadîth-isherîf states that the most valuable deed is “To make dhikr of Allâhu ta’âlâ.” And another one states that it is “A deed which is performed (regularly and) steadily.” Variability of the answer was on account of the variation of the people who asked the question and the various states they were in. Or, different times called for different answers. For instance, jihâd was the most meritorious deed in the early, fledgling days of Islam. [In our time, the most meritorious deed is to refute unbelievers and people who deny the Madhhabs by way of publication and broadcasting, and to spread the creed taught by the (scholars of) Ahl as-sunnat. People who support such champions of jihâd, financially and/or by donation and/or physically, will have a share in the thawâb earned by them. Âyat-i-kerîmas and hadîth-i-sherîfs show that namâz is more valuable than zakât or any other kind of alms. What is even more valuable than performing namâz, however, is to give something to – 180 –

someone about to die and thereby to save them from death.] 6– Jâbir bin ’Abdullah ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “The borderline between man and kufr (unbelief) is to cease from namâz.” For, namâz is a curtain protecting man from contacting kufr. Once this curtain disappears from between, the slave (man) slithers down into kufr. This hadîth-i-sherîf is written in Sahîh-i-Muslim. This hadîth-isherîf shows how disastrous it is to neglect namâz. Most of the Sahâba-i-kirâm stated that a person who omits namâz without an ’udhr to do so becomes an unbeliever (kâfir). That person does not become a kâfir according to the Shâfi’î and Mâlikî Madhhabs, but then it becomes wâjib to put him to death. In the Hanafî Madhhab he is imprisoned and beaten and kept in prison until he begins to perform his namâzes again. Ubâda bin Thâbit ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Allâhu ta’âlâ commanded (us) to perform namâz five times (daily). If a person makes an ablution beautifully and performs them in time and in perfect mindfulness of their rukû’s and khushû’s, Allâhu ta’âlâ promises that He shall forgive that person. He does not make the same promise for those who do not do these things. He shall either forgive them or torment them, depending on His Will.” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted by Imâm Ahmad, by Abû Dâwûd, and by Nesâ’î. As is seen, it is a must to be mindful of the essentials of namâz, such as its rukû’s and sajdas. Allâhu ta’âlâ never breaks His Word. He shall definitely forgive Muslims who perform namâz properly. 8– Abû Emâma-i-Bâhilî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ‘alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Perform your namâz five times (daily)! Fast for one month (in Ramadân)! Pay zakât for your property! Obey your commanders. Enter your Rabb’s Garden.” As is seen, a Muslim who performs namâz five times daily and fasts in Ramadân and pays zakât for his property and obeys the Islamically suitable commandments of commanders, who are Allâhu ta’âlâ’s khalîfas on the earth, shall enter Paradise. This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted by Imâm Ahmad and by Tirmuzî. 9– Burayda-i-Eslemî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, one of the eminent Sahâbîs, narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Namâz is one of the covenants between you and us. He who ceases from namâz becomes a kâfir.” As is seen, a person who performs namâz is judged to be a Muslim. If a person does not attach importance to namâz and does not perform namâz because – 181 –

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