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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

those adabs and avoiding

those adabs and avoiding the makrûhs. Yet they are no good when they are without the ones to which they are additional. Likewise, to pay one (Turkish) lira as zakât, (which is farz for Muslims defined in detail in the first chapter of the fifth fascicle of Endless Bliss,) is better than dispensing thousands of liras in the name of alms which is supererogatory. Indeed, to observe one of the adabs (of zakât) as you pay that lira, i.e. to pay it to one of your close relatives, [1] is much better than that supererogatory worship. [Hence, people who wish to perform midnight namâz (called tahajjud [or tehejjud]) should perform qadâ namâzes. Commandments of Allâhu ta’âlâ are called farz (or fard), and His prohibitions are called harâms. Our Prophet’s commandments are called sunnats, and his interdictions are called makrûhs. All these things, in the aggregate, are called Ahkâm-i-islâmiyya. It is farz to acquire beautiful conduct and to do good to people. A person who denies or despises one of the tenets of the Ahkâm-i-islâmiyya becomes an unbeliever (kâfir), a renegade (murtadd). A person who believes all the Ahkâm-i-islâmiyya, in the aggregate, is called a Muslim. A Muslim who disobeys the Ahkâm-i-islâmiyya because of sloth is called a fâsiq Muslim. A fâsiq Muslim who violates one of the commandments or prohibitions shall go to Hell. None of the good acts and sunnats that a fâsiq Muslim does will be accepted and no thawâb will be given for them. If a person does not pay zakât, be it one (Turkish) lira, none of their acts of donation or charity shall be accepted. They shall not be given any thawâb for any of the mosques and/or schools and/or hospitals built at their expense or for any of their donations to charity organizations. The namâz of Terâwih performed by a person who has not performed night prayer shall not be accepted. Acts of worship other than those which are farz or wâjib are called nâfila (supererogatory). Sunnats are supererogatory worship. In light of this definition, a person who performs qadâ namâz will have performed sunnat namâzes as well. The thawâb (to be earned) for performing a farz or for avoiding a harâm is more than the thawâb earned by doing millions of acts of supererogatory worship. A person who omits a farz or commits a harâm shall be subjected to fire in Hell. Their supererogatory worship cannot save them from Hell. Changes made in acts of worship are called bid’ats. To commit a bid’at when performing an act of worship is harâm and will spoil that act [1] It goes without saying that that close relative should not be one of those whom you have to support, such as you wife, children, parents. – 186 –

of worship. [Please review the chapter dealing with the Azân-i- Muhammâdî!] It is stated in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “None of the acts of worship performed by a person who commits bid’ats shall be accepted.” If a person is fâsiq; for instance, if his wife and daughters are going out without properly covering themselves; or if he is committing a bid’at; for instance, if he is using a loudspeaker in worship; you should not perform namâz behind him; (in other words, you should not join a namâz in jamâ’at conducted by that person;) you should not listen to his perfidious speeches or read his books. However, you should treat everybody with a smile, friend and foe alike, and talk with them suavely; you should not have an altercation with anybody. It is stated in a hadîth-i-sherîf: “Idiots should not be replied.” Worship enhances heart’s purity. Sins darken a heart, so that it does not receive fayz any longer. It is farz for every individual Muslim to learn the essentials of îmân and fards and harâms. Not knowing them is not a valid ’udhr. That is, it is tantamount to not doing them although one knows them.] The book entitled Maktûbât is in the Arabic language. Translation from that book ends here. Hadrat Imâm Rabbânî passed away in the Serhend city of India in 1034 [1624 A.D.]. As is understood from what has been written so far, the sunnats of daily five namazes are among the nâfila (supererogatory) namâzes. Because they are performed together with the farz namâzes and compensate for the deficiencies in the farz parts performed, they are more meritorious than other supererogatory namâzes. A Muslim who has not performed a farz namâz within its prescribed time without (any good reason called) an ’udhr although he values namâz highly and looks on namâz as his primary duty, has committed a grave sin by doing so. He shall be together with Pharaohs and with Hâmân in Hell. Supererogatory namâzes, i.e. the sunnat parts (of the five daily namâzes), cannot save him from that grave sin and from the severe torment it entails. For that matter, it is farz to make qadâ of the omitted farz namâzes. It is gravely sinful to delay their qadâ. This ever increasing and ever breeding sinfulness has to be put an end to. Since it is farz to perform qadâ namâzes, the thawâb it yields thousands of times more thawâb than does performing the sunnats. Therefore, and since it is permissible to omit the sunnats on account of an ’udhr, every Muslim should perform qadâ of the farz namâzes which he omitted without an ’udhr also in lieu of the sunnats of the four of the daily four prayers. Because there are Islamic savants who say that the sunnat of morning prayer is wâjib, – 187 –

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