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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

mustahab or mubâh. An

mustahab or mubâh. An act of mustahab is a Qurbat. An act of mubâh also is a Qurbat when it is performed with the niyyat of thanksoffering. There is many another customary act which becomes an act of worship owing to the niyyat made. A mubâh as well becomes an act of tâ’at when one’s niyyat is made (for tâ’at). The Arabic books entitled ’Uqûd-ud-durriyya and Durr-ulmukhtâr provide detailed information about killing (by jugulation) an animal for ’Aqîqa.] HAJJ HAS THREE RUKNS: 1– To make niyyat for hajj as you assume the (special garb called) ihrâm. 2– To perform (the stand-still called) waqfa on the (hill called) ’Arafât. 3– To perform the Tawâf-i-ziyârat (at the Ka’ba). The early time for performing waqfa on the ’Arafât is between the time of zawâl (midday) on the ninth day of Dhu’lhijja and the following morning. [If you stand for waqfa one day earlier or one day later the hajj you perform becomes bâtil (null and void). Wahhâbîs celebrate the ’Iyd (of Qurbân) one day earlier, without having seen the new moon (the previous evening). Hajj performed by people who do not stand for waqfa within the prescribed time is not sahîh (valid).] There are seven kinds of tawâf (circumambulations around the Ka’ba-i-mu’azzama within the Masjîd-i-harâm): The first one is the tawâf-i-ziyârat. The second one is the tawâf for ’umra. (These two kinds of tawâf are farz.) The third one is the tawâf-i-qudum, which is sunnat. The fourth one is the tawâf for wadâ (farewell). The fifth one is the tawâf for nazr, which is wâjib. The sixth one is the tawâf-i-nâfila. The seventh one is tawâf of tetawwu’ (or tatawwu’), which is mustahab. It is farz to make niyyat to assume the ihrâm for hajj. It is sunna to put on the piece(s) of cloth called ihrâm. It is wâjib to avoid wearing sewn clothes. There are eight conditions to be fulfilled for it to be farz for a – 212 –

person to perform hajj: 1– To be a Muslim. 2– To have reached the age of puberty. 3– To have reached the age of discretion. 4– To be healthy. 5– No to be a slave. 6– To possess property in excess of a person’s essential needs. 7– For it to be time for hajj. Time for hajj is the ’Arafa day and the four days of ’Iyd (of Qurbân). Time to be spent on the way is added to the calculation. 8– For a woman as far (from Mekka) as it will take for a (longdistance journey called) safar –three days’ walk, or around a hundred and four kilometres in the Hanafî Madhhab,– to be accompanied either by her husband or by a male and mahram relative with whom she is eternally forbidden to make (an Islamic marriage contract called) nikâh. [It is farz for people who fulfil these eight conditions to perform hajj once in their entire life-time. If they perform hajj more than once, the hajj that they perform in later years is a nâfila hajj. An act of worship that is nâfila is one that is performed of one’s own volition although it is not farz or sunnat (to perform it). Thawâb for nâfila worship, when compared with thawâb for farz worship, is as less as a drop of water compared with water in an ocean. Islamic scholars have not consented to a second performance of hajj by Muslims living in places far from Mekka. ’Abdullah-i-Dahlawî ‘quddisa sirruh’ states as follows in the sixty-third letter (of his valuable book entitled Mekâtîb-isherîfa: “On a journey undertaken for making hajj, it is mostly impossible to perform acts of worship properly. For that matter, Imâm Rabbânî ‘rahmatullâhi ’alaih’ states in his hundred and twenty-third and hundred and twenty-fourth letters (in the first volume of his blessed work entitled Maktûbât) that he does not approve of going (on a journey) for the purpose of making ’Umra or nâfila hajj.” [1] Nâfila hajj is harâm if it prevents performance of an act of worship that is harâm or a woman’s covering herself properly. To go for a nâfila hajj of this sort incurs sinfulness, rather than yielding thawâb. So is the case with going on a journey for making ’Umra. [1] Both letters were written to Molla Tâhir Bedakhshî. English versions of the letters and a brief biography of Tâhir Bedakhshî have been appended to the current book. – 213 –

Ramadan Guide
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Fourth Fascicle
O Son !
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Fifth Fascicle
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss First Fascicle
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Second Fascicle
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Sixth Fascicle
Seadet-i Ebediyye - Endless Bliss Third Fascicle
The Rising and the Hereafter
Answer to an Enemy of Islam
Ethics of Islam
Belief and Islam
The Sunni Path
Sahaba - The Blessed
Could Not Answer
Islam and Christianity
Confessions of a British Spy and British Enmity Against Islam
Why Did They Become Muslims
Pitfalls in the Quest for Knowledge - IslamBasics
Islams Reformers
The Proof of Prophethood
Documents of the Right Word
Advice for the Muslim
5-Endless Bliss Fifth Fascicle - Hakikat Kitabevi