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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

It is stated as follows

It is stated as follows in the hundred and sixty-second page of Terghîb-us-salât (written by Muhammad bin Ahmad Zâhid ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, d. 632 [1234 A.D.], India,) and in the thirteen hundred and forty-second page of the second volume of Berîqa (written by Muhammad bin Mustafâ Hâdimî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, d. 1176 [1762 A.D.], Hâdim, Konya, Turkey,) and in the five hundred and eighty-ninth page of the second volume of Hadîqa (written by ’Abd-ul-Ghanî bin Ismâ’îl Nablusî, 1050 [1640 A.D.7, Damascus – 1143 [1731], the same place:) “You should not ride an animal furnished with bells for the purpose of enjoying yourself, for it is makrûh to do so. For, bells are the devil’s musical instruments. Angels of Mercy do not descend on caravans (with animals) furnished with bells.” (However,) it is permissible to do so for some business or benefit. There is a unanimous scholarly statement that it is harâm to read or recite poetry incompatible with Islam and ethics or to read or recite it at places of fisq where musical instruments are being played and alcoholic beverages are being consumed and/or men and women enjoy themselves together even if the poetry itself is compatible with Islam and ethics or to listen in mixed groups at such places to recitals of poetry that are performed at other places and which are being broadcast or televised or played on the radio or on television or on a tape-recorder or for women and boys to perform such recitals in mixed choruses.] It is permissible to read or recite proper poetry at proper places. It may infuse tenderness to (listeners’) hearts and thereby cause Compassion of Allâhu ta’âlâ. Some scholars did not feel an attraction even to the mubâh (permitted) version of simâ’ (singing). Their unwillingness to simâ’ stemmed from the idiocyncratic repulsion inherent in their nature and which prevented it from appealing to them. This natural disinclination, however, did not induce the blessed scholars into repudiation or denial of their valuable colleagues who felt inclined towards simâ’.” It is harâm to read or recite the Qur’ân al-kerîm or mawlids or ilâhîs (eulogies) or salawât-i-sherîfs (special prayers said for Rasûlullah and sent as a gift to his blessed soul) at places of fisq, even if it is performed with due respect. (Places of fisq are places where sins are being committed.) It is kufr (unbelief) if it is done for pleasure or amusement. It is written in the sixth page of Durr-ul-ma’ârif: “Musical instruments and voices of women and boys are ghinâ (sinful music) and harâm. Useful poetry is simâ’ and mubâh, unless it is performed (in such manners and) with such voices.” – 222 –

72– Suicide, i.e. to kill oneself, is a sin graver than homicide. A suicide is subjected to torment of Hell in grave. If he does not die at once and makes tawba, all his sins will be forgiven. He will not be subjected to torment in his grave. [Validity (being sahîh) of tawba made for omitted namâzes is contingent on their having been (paid by being) made qadâ of. A person who begins to make qadâ (of namâzes which he omitted) has virtually made niyyat to perform prayers of qadâ till the end of his life. In return for this niyyat of his, all his debts of qadâ will be forgiven. Likewise, supposing an unbeliever becomes a Believer and makes tawba for having been an unbeliever or a heretic holding (a heresy called) bid’at makes tawba for having been a heretic, they have virtually made niyyat not to relapse into unbelief and heresy, respectively, and not to resume the evil deeds that they had been committing in those old days of nescience. In return for this niyyat (sincere intention) of theirs, all their sins are forgiven.] AWRAT PARTS and WOMEN’S COVERING THEMSELVES It is stated as follows in the chapter dealing with ‘nikâh (marriage contract prescribed by Islam)’ in the book entitled Eshi’at-ul-leme’at (written by ’Abd-ul-Haqq Dahlawî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, 958 [1551 A.D.] – 1052 [1642]): 1– Abû Hurayra ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Someone came to Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ and said: “I want to marry a girl from the Ansâr.” The blessed Prophet stated: “See the girl [once]. There is something in the eyes of (the people belonging to) the tribe of Ansâr.” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted in the book entitled Sahîh-i-Bukhârî. It is sunnat to see the girl to be married once beforehand. 2– ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Women should not tell their husbands about the beauty and goodness of the other women whom they have been seeing. It will be as if their husbands saw those women.” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted in the books entitled Sahîh-i-Bukhârî and Sahîh-i-Muslim. 3– Abû Sa’îd-i-Hudrî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ (d. 64 [683 A.D.]) narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “A man – 223 –

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