9 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)


should not look at another man’s awrat parts, and a woman should not look at another woman’s awrat parts!” As is seen, it is harâm for men to look at women and for women to look at men’s awrat parts, and likewise it is harâm for men to look at other men’s awrat parts and for women to look at other women’s awrat parts. A man’s awrat parts (which are harâm) for other men (to look at) are between their knees and navels. The same rule applies among women. As for a woman’s awrat parts (that are harâm) for men (to look at); they are her entire body with the exception of her hands and face. Hence, women are called awrat(s). Regardless of whether a woman is a Muslim or non-Muslim, it is harâm to look at a nâ-mahram woman’s face with shahwa (lust), and it is harâm to look at her awrat parts even without lust. 4– Jâbir bin ’Abdullah ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ (martyred in 74 [693 A.D.]) narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Do not spend the night at a nâ-mahram woman’s house!” 5– ’Aqaba bin Âmir ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Do not stay with a nâmahram woman in private in a room! If a woman stays in private with her husband’s brother or with the latter’s son, she will be drifted as far as death.” That is, she will cause fitnas, (which in turn means disastrous results.) No effort should be spared to avoid it. This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted in Sahîh-i-Bukhârî and in Sahîh-i- Muslim. 6– ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “A woman’s body is awrat.” That is, it must be covered. “When a woman goes out, the satan looks at her all the time.” (That is, he uses her as a decoy to beguile men and to lead them to committing sins.) 7– Burayda ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ said to Hadrat ’Alî: “Yâ ’Alî! When you see a woman turn your face away from her. Do not look at her again! It is not singul to see her unexpectedly. Yet it is sinful to look at her again.” It is quoted by Abû Dâwûd and by Dârimî. 8– ’Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Yâ ’Alî! Do not expose your thigh, and do not look at someone else’s thigh, dead or alive!” This hadîth-isherîf is quoted by Abû Dâwûd and by Ibni Mâja. Hence, looking at a dead person’s awrat parts is like looking at a living person’s awrat parts. [We must do our utmost to avoid looking at sportsmen’s and swimming people’s awrat parts.] – 224 –

9– ’Abdullah ibni ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ’ (d. 73 [692 A.D.], Mekka) narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Do not expose your awrat parts! [Do not expose them even when you are alone.] For, there are creatures who never leave you alone. Be ashamed in their presence and respect them!” They are the angels called Hafadha, who protect you against genies and who leave you alone only when you are in the toilet and during your conjugal activity. 10– Umm-i-Salama ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ’ relates: Meymûnâ ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ’ and I were with Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, when Ibni Umm-i-Mektûm ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ asked for permission (to enter) and entered. When Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ saw him he said to us: “Withdraw behind the curtain!” When I said, “Isn’t he blind? He won’t see us,” “Are you blind, too? Will you not see him,” said the Best of Creation. In other words, he said: “His being blind will not make you blind as well.” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted by Imâm Ahmad and by Tirmuzî and by Abû Dâwûd ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’. According to this hadîth-i-sherîf, as it is harâm for a man to look at a woman nâ-mahram to him, likewise it is not permissible for a woman to look at a man nâ-mahram to her. The imâms (scholars) of our (four) Madhhabs ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’, taking other hadîth-isherîfs as well into consideration, said: “It is difficult for a woman not to look at a nâ-mahram man’s head and hair. Commandments that are difficult to do are ’azîmats. A man’s awrat parts for a woman are between his knees and navel. It is easy not to look at those parts. Commandments that are easy to do are rukhsats. [As is seen, the Ezwâj-i-tâhirât (the pure wives of our blessed Prophet, i.e. Muslims’ mothers,) ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhunna’ and the Sahâba-i-kirâm ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum’ preferred the way of ’azîmats and avoided the rukhsats. The casuistry which argues that women “did not cover themselves during the time of the Prophet. Today’s dramatic spectacles wherein we watch women covering themselves like ogres did not exist in that time. Hadrat ’Âisha, for one, went about bare-headed. The present custom of women’s covering themselves was invented later by fanatics and people of fiqh,” is a hideous slander spead by British plotters whose real purpose is to demolish Islam from within and by zindiqs. It is true that women’s covering themselves was not an Islamic commandment formerly. It was sometime between the third and fifth years of the Hegira (Hijrat) when women were commanded to cover themselves. Babanzâda Ahmad Na’îm Begh – 225 –

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