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7 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

(1290 [1872 A.D.] –

(1290 [1872 A.D.] – August 14 th 1352 [1934], Edirnekapı, Istanbul) writes in his (Turkish) book entitled Tecrîd-i-sarîh Tercemesi that the âyats of hijâb (women’s covering themselves) were revealed piecemeal at three different occasions.] 11– Behz bin Hakîm, one of the greatest people among the Tâbi’în, narrates on the authority of his father and grandfather: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Cover your awrat parts! Do not let anyone see them, with the exception of your wife and jâriyas! Feel shame in the presence of Allâhu ta’âlâ as well!” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted by Tirmuzî, by Abû Dâwûd, and by Ibni Mâja ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’. Jâriya is called mulki-yemîn, which means mulk (property) of the right hand. For, a jâriya is examined with the right hand during the purchase, and the money for the jâriya is paid with the right hand. 12– ’Umar-ul-Fârûq ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “If a man makes halwat with a woman nâ-mahram to him, (i.e. if he and the woman stay together in a room without anyone else with them,) the Satan joins them as the third person.” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted by Tirmuzî. [It is harâm to make halwat with a nâ-mahram woman, i.e. for a man and a woman to stay in private in a closed place. Ibni ’Âbidîn states as follows in his discourse on being an imâm: “If there is another man or a woman who is one of the (first) man’s relatives called zî-rahm-i-mahram, the event will not be halwat.”] 13– Jâbir bin ’Abdullah ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Do not visit women whose husbands are away! For, (if you do so,) the Satan will circulate like blood in your veins.” When they said, “Will he circulate in yours as well,” the Darling of Allâhu ta’âlâ stated: “Yes. He will circulate in mine, too. Yet Allâhu ta’âlâ has helped me against him. He has made him a Muslim, so that he has surrendered himself to me.” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted by Tirmuzî ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’. 14– Umm-i-Salama ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ was with me (in my room). My brother ’Abdullah bin Abî Umayya’s slave was in the room, too. That slave was muhanneth (effeminate). When Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ saw that muhanneth person and heard his voice he said: “Do not admit people like this one into your house!” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted in Sahîh-i-Bukhârî and Sahîh-i-Muslim. Muhanneth is a man (or boy) who behaves, acts, – 226 –

talks, sounds, and dresses like a woman. People who do so are accursed. A hadîth-i-sherîf states as follows about them: “May Allah condemn men who make themselves resemble women and women who make themselves resemble men!” Women who wear clothes like men’s and have their hair cut like men and do things that are to be done by men and men who grow their hair long like women and adorn themselves like women, without an ’udhr compelling them to do so, are within the scope of this hadîth-i-sherîf. Misver bin Mahrama ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ was born in the second year of the Hijrat (Hegira). He is the son of ’Abd-ur-Rahmân bin ’Awf’s sister ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ’. He relates: I was carrying a big stone, when the clothes I was wearing fell down. I failed to lift them up. Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ saw me in that state. “Lift your clothes up! Do not go out without a cover!” This hadîth-isherîf is quoted in Sahîh-i-Muslim. This hadîth-i-sherîf interdicts both men’s and girls’ being without something to cover themselves in streets or at beaches or in sports fields. 16– Abû Umâma ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “If a person who sees a girl’s beauty turns his eyes away from her, Allâhu ta’âlâ bestows on him thawâb for a new act of worship and he immediately relishes its flavour.” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted by Imâm Ahmad bin Hanbal ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’. 17– Hasan Basrî ‘rahmatullâhi ’alaih’ narrates the following hadîth-i-mursel: [1] Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “May Allâhu ta’âlâ condemn a person who exposes his parts of awrat and one who looks at another’s awrat parts!” This hadîth-isherîf is quoted in Imâm Bayhakî’s book entitled Shu’ab-ul-îmân. 18– ’Abdullah ibni ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhumâ’ narrates: Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated “If a person makes himself resemble a certain tribe (group of people), he will become one of them!” This hadîth-i-sherîf is quoted by Imâm Ahmad and Abû Dâwûd ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’. That means to say that if a person makes his behaviour, his acts, or the clothes he wears to those of enemies of Islam, he will become one of them. [This hadîth-i-sherîf should be a warning to people who keep up with unbelievers’ fashions and who call harâms ‘fine arts’ and who call people committing harâms ‘artists’.] [1] Please see the sixth chapter of the second fascicle of Endless Bliss for kinds of hadîth-i-sherîfs. – 227 –

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