8 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

Makrûhs in eating: To

Makrûhs in eating: To eat with left hand; to smell the food you are to eat; To neglect the Basmala; [The Basmala must be made whenever it is remembered, be it far gone into the meal.] Harâms in eating: To continue eating after being sated; [if you have a guest, you should pretend to continue eating lest you should prevent him from eating; to be wasteful of food; according to some (scholars), to make the Basmala when eating food that belongs to someone else [unjustly]; to take part in a feast without having been invited; to eat someone else’s food without their permission; to eat something that will undermine your health; to eat food that has been prepared with riyâ (ostentatiously); to eat something you have vowed. Eating hot food causes the following harms: It causes deafness; it causes a pale face; it causes eyes to become lusterless; it causes teeth to turn yellowish; it causes mouth to lose taste; it causes insatiability; it weakens comprehension; it impairs your mind; it causes a physical malady. Benefits of eating little are as follows: You will have a strong body; your heart will be filled with nûr; you will have a powerful memory; you will make an easy living; you will relish your work; you will have made dhikr of Allâhu ’adhîm-ush-shân very much; you will meditate over the Hereafter; you will get very much flavour from worship; you will have a deep insight and guidance in all matters; you will undergo an easy judgment (on the Judgment Day.) When any person says, “I am a Muslim;” Daily five prayers are incumbent on him. On the Day of Rising that is soon to come, Raiment and crown, and a horse to carry him. – 244 –

CONCERNING MARRIAGE There are many benefits in marriage. First, it will shield your faith. You will form beautiful habits. There will be barakat in your earnings. You will have performed an act that is sunnat. As a matter of fact, our Prophet stated: “Make nikâh, (i.e. enter into a marriage by making Islam’s marriage contract called ‘nikâh’,) and have many children. For, on the Rising Day I shall take pride in the majority of my Ummat (Muslims) over the other ummats.” The husband and the wife have to observe each other’s rights. A person who plans to enter into a marriage should search well until he finds a girl (or woman) who is sâliha, (i.e. firm in her faith,) and who is not (one of his close relatives called) a mahram relative, and marry the girl (or woman) who fulfils the conditions stipulated. It is permissible to make nikâh with a woman who has become pregnant by way of fornication. If the fornicator is another man, waty (intercourse) before childbirth is not permissible (Fatâwâ-i-Fayziyya) [1] Do not marry a girl on account of her beauty or property. Otherwise you will become despicable. Our blessed Prophet ‘sall- Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “If a person marries a girl on account of her property or beauty, he will be deprived of her property and beauty.” If a person marries a girl on account of her piety and beautiful moral quality, Haqq ta’âlâ increases her property and beauty. The wife should be lower than her husband in four respects: Her age and her stature and her kith and kin. In four respects the wife must be superior to her husband: She must be pretty and she must have adab and beautiful moral habits and she must avoid harâms and doubtful things and she must not show her hair and head and arms and legs to men nâ-mahram to her. Young girls should not be married to old men. It may cause fasâd, (which means, lexically, malice.) Before preliminary arrangements concerning the (marriage contract called) nikâh, families of the would-be couple should [1] Written by Fayzullah Efendi of Erzurum, Turkey ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’ (martyred in Edirne in 1115 [1703 A.D.]), the forty-sixth Ottoman Shaikh-ul-islâm. – 245 –

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