8 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

pronounced over them and

pronounced over them and prayers should be said for them. For, rahmat and barakat descends on a place where the Qur’ân al-kerîm is read (or recited). Any prayers said at that place is accepted (by Allâhu ta’âlâ). When it is read (or recited) by a grave, that grave is filled with rahmat (mercy of Allâhu ta’âlâ) and barakat. According to the Hanafî Madhhab, when a Muslim performs nâfila fasting, namâz or alms or reads (or recites) the Qur’ân al-kerîm or says prayers and donates the thawâb to other Muslims, dead or alive, the thawâb will reach those Muslims. There are Islamic scholars who say that the same rule applies to acts of farz worship as well. The thawâb is not divided by the number of the meyyits. The entire thawâb is given to each and every meyyit. According to the Madhhabs of Mâlikî and Shâfi’î, acts of worship that are performed only physically, such as reading (or reciting) the Qur’ân al-kerîm, are not dnated to other Muslims. Blessings are pronounced over them on account of the physical acts of worship performed. It is written in the book entitled Kitâb-ul-fiqh ’ala-l-medhâhibil-erbe’a: “Grave-visiting is an act of sunnat to be performed by men for the purpose of taking warning from the dead and meditating over the Hereafter. In the Madhhabs of Hanafî and Mâlikî, it is sunnat muakkad to do the visiting on Thursday, Friday and/or Saturday. In the Shâfi’î Madhhab it is sunnat muakkad to do the visiting between late afternoon on Thursday and sunrise of Saturday. The visitor should read (or recite) the Qur’ân al-kerîm for the mayyit and pronounce blessings on them. These things will be useful to the meyyit. When you arrive in the cemetery, it is sunnat to say this prayer: “Es-salâmu ’alaikum, yâ Ahla dâr-ilqawm-il-mu’minîn! Innâ inshâ-Allâhu ’an qarîbin bikum lâhiqûn.” Every grave is visited, far and near. In fact, it is sunnat to go long distance for the purpose of visiting Sâlih Muslims and Walîs ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ. It is one of the most valuable acts of worship to visit Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ blessed grave. Grave-visiting is permissible for old women as well, provided they be properly dressed. It is harâm for old women as well if it should cause fitna and fesâd. It is not permissible to make tawâf around the grave or to kiss the soil or to ask for something from the dead during the visit.” The Awliyâ ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’ are asked for shafâ’at, for intercession for the blessing of Allâhu ta’âlâ. There are two things whose missing, Will burn all, regardless of who they are. Eyes shedding blood will never pay them their dues; One is youth, other one: Muslim brother! – 276 –

THIRD VOLUME, NINTH LETTER The ninth letter of the third volume of the book entitled ‘Maktûbât’ and written by Imâm Rabbânî Mujaddid-i-elf-i-thânî Ahmad Fârûqî ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ was written for Mîr Muhammad Nu’mân. It explains the âyat-i-kerîma that purports: “Take what Rasûlullah has brought for you!” The letter is in the Arabic language. The following is its English version: Bism-illâh-ir-Rahmân-ir-Rahîm! The seventh âyat-i-kerîma of Hashr Sûra purports: “Take what Rasûlullah has brought for you. Avoid his prohibitions and fear Allah!” [Doing the commandments and avoiding the prohibitions, in the aggregate, are called obeying Islam.] Allâhu ta’âlâ’s adding, “... fear Allah,” after saying, “Avoid his prohibitions...,” shows that it is more important to avoid the prohibitions. For, to fear Allâhu ta’âlâ, i.e. taqwâ, means to avoid the prohibitions, (i.e. harâms.) Taqwâ is the the basis of Islam. It is called wara’ to avoid the doubtful acts as well. Rasûlullah ‘sall- Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ stated: “Wara’ is the mainmast of our religion.” He stated in another hadîth-i-sherîf: “Nothing can be like wara’. This importance which our religion attaches to avoiding harâms is on account of the greater number of the acts to be avoided and its being more useful to avoid harâms. For, doing a commandment contains a kind of avoidance as well. To do a certain commandment means to avoid not doing it. And its being more useful is on account of its entailing unyielding opposition to the nafs. When a commandment is being done, the nafs also has a share from the pleasure taken. The less the indulgence allowed for the nafs in doing something, the more useful will it be to do it. In other words, the faster will it make you attain the grace of Allâhu ta’âlâ. For, the Ahkâm-i-islâmiyya, i.e. Islam’s commandments and prohibitions, are intended to oppress and undermine the nafs. The nafs is Allâhu ta’âlâ’s enemy. It is stated in a hadîth-i-qudsî: “Be inimical to your nafs! For, it is My enemy.” Therefore, of all the turuq-i-’aliyya (paths and orders of Tasawwuf), the one which tutors more strict obedience to Islam is the one which will guide closer to Allâhu ta’âlâ. For, that one contains more opposition to the nafs. And this, as is known to the connoisseurs of the matter, is the path we have been following. It was for that reason that the profound scholar Behâaddîn Bukhârî, our superior guide, stated: “I have found the shortest of the paths making one attain Allâhu ta’âlâ.” For, this path instructs more opposition to the nafs. As for this path’s championship in its strictness of obedience to Islam, it will be quite easy for an intelligent and reasonable person who – 277 –

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    Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 2

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    Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sal

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    made about his compatriot are among

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    unending torment. If a kâfir has

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    e believed, regardless of whether h

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    kept in prison until she becomes a

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    of Kemâl such as His creating eart

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    would be incapable and imperfect if

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    and four Books named in the Qur’

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    WA-L-YAWM-IL-ÂKHIRI: Also, I belie

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    kerîm purports: “A person who in

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    5- To cease from gratitude for havi

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    and/or not to show due respect upon

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    Îmân-i-maqbûl is the îmân of B

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    means to believe and confirm the si

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    There are three kinds of dhikr made

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    guide of both our Madhhab in i’ti

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    hundred and seventeenth sinful act:

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    oys to dance or play games with the

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    thousand Muslims. The unbelievers b

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    eliminate all its benefits. The fou

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    According to some Islamic scholars,

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    page of the fourth edition of his b

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    enewed. Please see the chapter deal

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    ecome a kâfir. As a matter of fact

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    and another person says, “Then we

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    entire group of people, be there fi

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    two kinds of makrûh: Karâhat-i-ta

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    asked: ‘You observe all kinds of

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    and to make a tayammum in want of w

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    of rukû’: To make the rukû’ t

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    ghusl made will not be sahîh if th

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    draw a comparison of crownings and

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    e done when imitating the Mâlikî

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    wire. He did not say that it would

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    Ghusls that are wâjib: It is wâji

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    ghusl and to perform namâz and to

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    in 981 [1573], Birgi, Aydın, Turke

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    women are menstrual (haid). Accordi

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    then her ’âdat has changed, and

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    5- In a succession of five days of

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    following its cessation, that the b

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    Husraw ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âl

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    the second period of purity were fo

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    4- To wash one’s fect, including

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    person with an ’udhr, (which is e

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    after using) a miswâk yield more t

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    canal to become wet and fall. [If t

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    inûrika yawma tebyaddu wujûhu awl

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    There are five obligatory essential

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    miss the Friday prayer. [For, there

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    than half of a person’s limbs of

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    There are four kinds of istinjâ: T

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    Subhânaka) it is sunnat to say,

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    is makrûh tahrîmî for women to r

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    Mahsher, eighty of the lines made u

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    only the first one you hear and, if

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    al-kerîm (on the radio, etc.) or t

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    together is called Azân-i-jawq. A

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    jamâ’at) and for a Muslim who is

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    “Rabbanâ laka-l-hamd,” after s

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    8- If you are with the jamâ’at,

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    salâmat (salvation, safety)! Pleas

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    your hands from the floor (or praye

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    can hear them. 13- To say, “Lâ h

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    dâira set (for the date) is moved

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    ‘kerrem-Allâhu wajhahu wa radiy-

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    exactly as he did when he was behin

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    same ’udhrs as the aforesaid ones

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    stated: “O my Ummat and Sahâba!

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    1- The Dâr-i-jelâl is of white n

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    [Muhammad Amîn Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    hullâhu ta’âlâ’ ferreted out

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    ecome six. The tertîb, (i.e. the f

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    thing. For, omitted namâzes must b

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    to the same poor person or to anoth

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    unanimously made by Islamic savants

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    amount from their wages. If the im

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    the minaret, (which in turn is outs

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    something which is wâjib or sunnat

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    ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ st

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    egins to perform his namâzes again

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    first qawl. The invalid’s ablutio

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    perform namâz with signs if it is

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    you need to make a ghusl.) 3- To de

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    3- ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘ra

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    someone about to die and thereby to

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    ’Umar, ’Alî, ’Uthmân, and

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    after the farz part of night prayer

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    of worship. [Please review the chap

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    TO PAY ZAKÂT The proof-texts for t

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    their money at harâm places or who

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    their weight must be taken as the b

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    permissible to pay the poor clothes

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    twenty mithqal of gold when it is c

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    By the same token, paper bills cann

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    niyyat (intention) of zakât will s

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    get up for the (late-night meal cal

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    If a person intentionally breaks (b

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    fasting) by night or any time befor

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    9- If one dies with îmân, it, (i.

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    [As is stated by Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    person to perform hajj: 1- To be a

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    guarantees a person’s rizq (suste

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    Islam,) and it incurs the severest

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    19- To make a false statement under

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    68- To laugh with an uproarious lau

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    72- Suicide, i.e. to kill oneself,

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  • Page 245 and 246: CONCERNING MARRIAGE There are many
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