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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

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Indroduction to Booklet for Way to Paradise Allâhu ta’âlâ sent Prophets ‘’alaihim-us-salâm’ to His born slaves so that they should attain happiness, comfort and peace in the world and in the Hereafter and lead a brotherly life by attaching their hearts to one another, and for the purpose of teaching them how to perform their duties as His slaves. Through those select people, the highest of mankind in all respects, He let His born slaves know the best way of living. He announced that Muhammad ‘’alaihis-salâm’, the highest and the aftermost of His Prophets ‘’alaihim-us-salawât-u-wa-t-teslîmât’ is the Prophet of all people that will be living all the world over until the end of the world. In His grand heavenly book named the Qur’ân al-kerîm and which He revealed to this most beloved Prophet of His through an angel piecemeal in a proces of twenty-three years, He declared His commandments and prohibitions. Because the Qur’ân al-kerîm is in the Arabic language and provides extremely subtle teachings and ultramundane pieces of knowledge beyond the grasp of human mind, Muhammad ‘’alaihis-salâm’ explained the entire book, from the beginning to the end, to his Sahâba ‘’alaihim-urridwân’. He said: “Anyone who explains the Qur’ân al-kerîm in a way at variance with my explanations will become an unbeliever.” Islamic scholars, who heard from the Ashâb-i-kirâm the explanations made by our Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, made them clear and plain enough to be understood by everybody and wrote them in books of Tafsîr. These scholars are called the scholars of Ahl as-Sunnat (or Sunnî scholars). Books which the scholars of Ahl as-Sunnat wrote by compiling semplars of explanations from the Qur’ân al-kerîm and our Prophet’s ‘sall- ________________________________________________________________________________ TYPESET AND PRINTED IN TURKEY BY: ‹hlâs Gazetecilik A.Ş. Merkez Mah. 29 Ekim Cad. İhlâs Plaza No: 11 A/41 34197 Yenibosna-İSTANBUL Tel: 90.212.454 3000 – 2 –

Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ utterances, which are called hadîthi-sherîfs, are called books of ’Ilm-i-hâl. People who want to acquire true and tenable knowledge of the Islamic religion which Allâhu ta’âlâ teaches in the Qur’ân al-kerîm have to read these books of ’ilm-i-hâl. The original title of the book, Booklet for Way to Paradise, which we are currently presenting, is Miftâh-ul-Janna, which means The Key of the Gate to Paradise. It was written by Muhammad bin Qutb-ud-dîn Iznikî ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’, who passed away in Edirne in the hegiral lunar year 885 [1480 A.D.]. Profound Islamic scholar Sayyid ’Abd-ul-Hakîm Efendi ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ (1281 [1865 A.D.], Bashkal’a, Van – 1362 [1943 A.D.], Ankara, Turkey) stated: “The author of the book entitled Miftâh-ul-Janna is said to have been a pious person. It will be useful to read it.” Therefore, we have published the book. The explanations here and there in the book and which have been added within brackets are citations borrowed from other books. They are by no means expressions of personal views and comments. May Allâhu ta’âlâ protect us all against separatism and disunion, which are the inescapable consequences of falling into the traps set by Islam’s enemies lying in ambush and their treacherous, heretical, lâ-madhhabî, reformist-minded accomplices under Muslim names, some of whom pass for men of religion! May He unite us all within the Madh-hab of Ahl as- Sunnat, the one and only way of following and adapting ourselves to His beloved Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’! May He bless us all with a way of life wherein we love and help one another! Âmîn. [When a person is about to do something, first a khatara (idea, thought) comes to their heart, so that they intend to do that thing. This intention of theirs is called niyya(t). This person then orders their limbs to do that thing. The person’s ordering the limbs is called qasd or teshebbus (attempt). The limbs’ doing the work is called kesb. The heart’s work is called akhlâq (conduct, behaviour). There are six places whence the khatara comes to the heart: Khatara that comes from Allâhu ta’âlâ is called Wahy. The Wahy comes only to Prophets’ hearts. Khatara brought by angels is called ilhâm (inspiration). The ilhâm comes to Prophets’ ‘’alaihim-us-salawât-u-wa-t-teslîmât’ and sâlih (pious) Muslims’ hearts. Khatara given by sâlih Muslims is called nasîhat (counsel, advice). The Wahy, the ilhâm, and the nasîhat are always good and useful. Khatara coming from the devil is called vasvasa (doubt, – 3 –

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    and another person says, “Then we

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    entire group of people, be there fi

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    “Bismillâh-ir-Rahmân-ir-Rahîm,

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    two kinds of makrûh: Karâhat-i-ta

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    asked: ‘You observe all kinds of

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    and to make a tayammum in want of w

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    of rukû’: To make the rukû’ t

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    ghusl made will not be sahîh if th

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    draw a comparison of crownings and

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    e done when imitating the Mâlikî

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    wire. He did not say that it would

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    Ghusls that are wâjib: It is wâji

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    ghusl and to perform namâz and to

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    in 981 [1573], Birgi, Aydın, Turke

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    women are menstrual (haid). Accordi

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    then her ’âdat has changed, and

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    5- In a succession of five days of

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    following its cessation, that the b

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    Husraw ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âl

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    the second period of purity were fo

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    4- To wash one’s fect, including

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    person with an ’udhr, (which is e

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    after using) a miswâk yield more t

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    canal to become wet and fall. [If t

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    inûrika yawma tebyaddu wujûhu awl

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    There are five obligatory essential

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    miss the Friday prayer. [For, there

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    than half of a person’s limbs of

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    There are four kinds of istinjâ: T

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    Subhânaka) it is sunnat to say,

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    is makrûh tahrîmî for women to r

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    Mahsher, eighty of the lines made u

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    only the first one you hear and, if

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    al-kerîm (on the radio, etc.) or t

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    together is called Azân-i-jawq. A

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    jamâ’at) and for a Muslim who is

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    “Rabbanâ laka-l-hamd,” after s

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    8- If you are with the jamâ’at,

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    salâmat (salvation, safety)! Pleas

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    your hands from the floor (or praye

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    can hear them. 13- To say, “Lâ h

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    dâira set (for the date) is moved

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    ‘kerrem-Allâhu wajhahu wa radiy-

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    exactly as he did when he was behin

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    NAMÂZ DURING LONG-DISTANCE JOURNEY

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    same ’udhrs as the aforesaid ones

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    stated: “O my Ummat and Sahâba!

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    1- The Dâr-i-jelâl is of white n

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    PRAYERS NOT PERFORMED WITHIN THEIR

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    [Muhammad Amîn Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    hullâhu ta’âlâ’ ferreted out

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    ecome six. The tertîb, (i.e. the f

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    thing. For, omitted namâzes must b

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    to the same poor person or to anoth

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    unanimously made by Islamic savants

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    amount from their wages. If the im

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    the minaret, (which in turn is outs

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    something which is wâjib or sunnat

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    ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ st

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    egins to perform his namâzes again

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    first qawl. The invalid’s ablutio

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    perform namâz with signs if it is

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    you need to make a ghusl.) 3- To de

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    3- ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘ra

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    someone about to die and thereby to

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    ’Umar, ’Alî, ’Uthmân, and

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    after the farz part of night prayer

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    of worship. [Please review the chap

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    TO PAY ZAKÂT The proof-texts for t

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    their money at harâm places or who

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    their weight must be taken as the b

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    permissible to pay the poor clothes

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    twenty mithqal of gold when it is c

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    By the same token, paper bills cann

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    niyyat (intention) of zakât will s

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    get up for the (late-night meal cal

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    If a person intentionally breaks (b

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    fasting) by night or any time befor

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    9- If one dies with îmân, it, (i.

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    [As is stated by Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    person to perform hajj: 1- To be a

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    guarantees a person’s rizq (suste

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    Islam,) and it incurs the severest

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    19- To make a false statement under

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    68- To laugh with an uproarious lau

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    72- Suicide, i.e. to kill oneself,

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    9- ’Abdullah ibni ’Umar ‘radi

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    talks, sounds, and dresses like a w

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    [That Qardâwî is a man of religio

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    two parts are equal in carrying out

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    and knowledgeable person, on the ot

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    admonish one’s Mu’min brother;

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    CONCERNING VIRTUES of the SAHÂBA O

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    deserve) your blessed praise!” Th

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    6- In return for each and every mor

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    without performing the farzes, All

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    CONCERNING MARRIAGE There are many

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    stated: “If a woman comes to our

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    upon her until she asks her husband

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    husband is opposed to her doing so.

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    invalid, the woman’s mahram relat

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    fourth and fifth fascicles of Endle

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    Everyone shall die when their time

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    angels hold his soul from the botto

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    (Allâhu ta’âlâ), people with s

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    Thereafter the Angel of death takes

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    When they take off her clothes and

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    CONCERNING THE DEATHS of the WRONGE

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    CONCERNING the DISBELIEVER’S DEAT

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    O My slave, you are alone now; they

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    TO VISIT GRAVES and TO READ (or REC

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    visiting those blessed places; if w

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    THIRD VOLUME, NINTH LETTER The nint

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    So much dhikr should he make that n

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    They are organizing funeral process

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    FINAL REMARKS FROM BOOKLET FOR WAY

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    from the snares set by those insidi

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    wa tutahhirunâ wa tubellighunâ bi

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