9 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

He ate and drank and

He ate and drank and married women. He had sons and daughters. All of them were from Hadrat Khadîja ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhâ’. Only Ibrâhîm was from a jâriya named Mâriya. And then he passed away before having been weaned. All his children, with the exception of Fâtima ‘radiy-Allâhu ‘anhâ’, died before his own death. He married her to Hadrat ’Alî ‘kerrem-Allâhu ta’âlâ’. Hadrat Hasan and Hadrat Huseyn are the sons of Hadrat ’Alî and Hadrat Fâtima ‘radiy-Allâhu ‘anhum’. Of all his daughters, Hadrat Fâtima is the highest. And she is the beloved one of Hadrat Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’. Rasûl-i-ekrem ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ has eleven blessed wives: Hadrat Khadîja, Sawda (or Sevde), ’Âisha, Hafsa, Umm-i-Selema, Umm-i-Habîba, Zeyneb bint-i-Jahsh, Zeyneb bint-i-Huzayma, Meymûna, Juwayriyya, Safiyya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhunna’. The Edilla-i-shar’îyya are made up of Kitâb, Sunnat, Ijmâ’-i- Ummat, and Qiyâs-i-mujtahid. From these four soruces did the Islamic scholars derive their religious knowledge. The Word of Allâhu ’adhîm-ush-shân is called ‘Kitâb (the Book)’. ‘Sunnat’ is the Qawl-i-Rasûl (Utterances of the Messenger of Allah), the Fi’li-Rasûl (Deeds Acts, Behaviours of the Messenger of Allah), and the Taqrîr-i-Rasûl (Confirmation, Ratification of the Messenger of Allah). Ijmâ’-i-Ummat is the consensus reached by the mujtahids who lived in the same century, e.g. by the Ashâb-i-kirâm ‘radiy- Allâhu ta’âlâ ’anhum’, or by the four Madhhabs. Qiyâs is analogy drawn between two different things by mujtahids. And also, lexical meaning of madhhab is way. We have two different ways: One of them is our way in i’tiqâd (belief, credo), and the other one is our way in ’amal (practices). Our imâm, i.e. guide, in the way of i’tiqâd is Abû Mansûr Mâturîdî ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’. His way is called Ahl as-Sunnat. Our guide in the way of ’amal is Imâm a’zam Abû Hanîfa ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’. His way is called Hanafî Madhhab. Abû Mansûr Mâturîdî’s name is Muhammad, his father’s name is Muhammad, his grandfather’s name is Muhammad, and his teacher’s name is Abû Nasr-i-Iyâd ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’. Abû Nasr-i-Iyâd’s teacher’s name is Abû Bakr-i-Jurjânî, whose teacher’s name is Abû Suleymân Jurjânî, whose teachers’ names are Abû Yûsuf and Imâm-i-Muhammad Sheybânî (or Shaybânî). And the teacher of these two celebrities is Imâm a’zam Abû Hanîfa ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’. Hence, Imâm a’zam is the chief – 34 –

guide of both our Madhhab in i’tiqâd and our Madhhab in ’amal. All Muslims have three imâms (guides); it is farz to know them. Our imâm who enjoins the commandments and prohibitions is the Qur’ân al-kerîm. Our imâm who informs us of them, i.e. of Islam, is Hadrat Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’. Our imâm who enforces them, i.e. who sees to that they should be observed, is the Muslim state president on behalf of Rasûlullah. Imâm a’zam’s teacher’s name is Hammâd, whose teacher’s name is Ibrâhîm Nehâî, whose teacher’s name is ’Alqama bin Qays, who is at the same time Hadrat Nehâî’s maternal uncle. Hadrat ’Alqama’s teacher’s name is ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘rahima-humullâhu ta’âlâ’, who in turn received knowledge from Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’. As for Rasûlullah ‘’alaihis-salâm’, he received his knowledge from Jebrâîl ‘’alaihis-salâm’. And Jebrâîl ‘’alaihis-salâm’, in his turn, was commanded by Hadrat Allâhu subhânahu wa ta’âlâ. Allâhu ’adhîm-ush-shân has bestowed four jewels upon mankind: ’Aql (mind, wisdom, reason), Îmân, Hayâ, and Fi’l, i.e. ’amal-i-sâlih (pious deeds). And also, prayers and any pious deed will be accepted, depending on the fulfilment of five conditions and causes: Îmân, ’Ilm, Niyyat, Khulûs, i.e. ikhlâs, not to retain any rights belonging to others, (which are called rights of quls.) First of all, one should hold the belief of Ahl as-Sunnat and know the conditions to be fulfilled for the soundness of the acts of worship to be performed. [A certain ’amal’s being sahîh is different from its having been accepted. Acts of worship have their own conditions and farâid (pl. form of farz or fard) to be fulfilled so that they should be sahîh (valid, sound). If one of them is missing, the act of worship performed will not be sahîh. It will be the same as if that act of worship has not been performed at all, and one will not be absolved from the punishment and torment to be inflicted (for not having performed it). No torment will be inflicted for an act of worship that has been sahîh although it has not been accepted. However, a Muslim will not attain thawâb (special rewards) for his or her worship that has not been accepted. For being accepted, an act of worship has to have been sahîh first of all; that is, the aforesaid five conditions should have been fulfilled. Rights of quls, (which we have already explained,) are included in these conditions.] Imâm Rabbânî ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ states as follows in the eighty-seventh letter of the second volume (of his – 35 –

  • Page 1 and 2: Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 2
  • Page 3 and 4: Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sal
  • Page 5 and 6: BOOKLET for WAY TO PARADISE Al-hamd
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  • Page 29 and 30: Îmân-i-maqbûl is the îmân of B
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  • Page 47 and 48: page of the fourth edition of his b
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  • Page 51 and 52: ecome a kâfir. As a matter of fact
  • Page 53 and 54: and another person says, “Then we
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    5- In a succession of five days of

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    following its cessation, that the b

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    Husraw ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âl

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    the second period of purity were fo

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    4- To wash one’s fect, including

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    person with an ’udhr, (which is e

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    after using) a miswâk yield more t

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    canal to become wet and fall. [If t

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    inûrika yawma tebyaddu wujûhu awl

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    There are five obligatory essential

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    miss the Friday prayer. [For, there

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    than half of a person’s limbs of

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    There are four kinds of istinjâ: T

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    Subhânaka) it is sunnat to say,

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    is makrûh tahrîmî for women to r

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    Mahsher, eighty of the lines made u

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    only the first one you hear and, if

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    al-kerîm (on the radio, etc.) or t

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    together is called Azân-i-jawq. A

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    jamâ’at) and for a Muslim who is

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    “Rabbanâ laka-l-hamd,” after s

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    8- If you are with the jamâ’at,

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    salâmat (salvation, safety)! Pleas

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    your hands from the floor (or praye

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    can hear them. 13- To say, “Lâ h

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    dâira set (for the date) is moved

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    ‘kerrem-Allâhu wajhahu wa radiy-

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    exactly as he did when he was behin

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    same ’udhrs as the aforesaid ones

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    stated: “O my Ummat and Sahâba!

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    1- The Dâr-i-jelâl is of white n

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    [Muhammad Amîn Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    hullâhu ta’âlâ’ ferreted out

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    ecome six. The tertîb, (i.e. the f

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    thing. For, omitted namâzes must b

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    to the same poor person or to anoth

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    unanimously made by Islamic savants

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    amount from their wages. If the im

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    the minaret, (which in turn is outs

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    something which is wâjib or sunnat

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    ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ st

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    egins to perform his namâzes again

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    first qawl. The invalid’s ablutio

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    perform namâz with signs if it is

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    you need to make a ghusl.) 3- To de

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    3- ’Abdullah ibni Mes’ûd ‘ra

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    someone about to die and thereby to

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    ’Umar, ’Alî, ’Uthmân, and

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    after the farz part of night prayer

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    of worship. [Please review the chap

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    TO PAY ZAKÂT The proof-texts for t

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    their money at harâm places or who

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    their weight must be taken as the b

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    permissible to pay the poor clothes

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    twenty mithqal of gold when it is c

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    By the same token, paper bills cann

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    niyyat (intention) of zakât will s

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    get up for the (late-night meal cal

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    If a person intentionally breaks (b

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    fasting) by night or any time befor

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    9- If one dies with îmân, it, (i.

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    [As is stated by Ibni ’Âbidîn

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    person to perform hajj: 1- To be a

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    guarantees a person’s rizq (suste

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    Islam,) and it incurs the severest

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    19- To make a false statement under

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    68- To laugh with an uproarious lau

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    72- Suicide, i.e. to kill oneself,

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    9- ’Abdullah ibni ’Umar ‘radi

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    talks, sounds, and dresses like a w

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    [That Qardâwî is a man of religio

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    two parts are equal in carrying out

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    and knowledgeable person, on the ot

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    admonish one’s Mu’min brother;

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    deserve) your blessed praise!” Th

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    6- In return for each and every mor

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    without performing the farzes, All

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    CONCERNING MARRIAGE There are many

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    stated: “If a woman comes to our

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    upon her until she asks her husband

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    husband is opposed to her doing so.

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    invalid, the woman’s mahram relat

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    fourth and fifth fascicles of Endle

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    Everyone shall die when their time

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    angels hold his soul from the botto

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    (Allâhu ta’âlâ), people with s

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    Thereafter the Angel of death takes

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    When they take off her clothes and

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    O My slave, you are alone now; they

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    visiting those blessed places; if w

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    So much dhikr should he make that n

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    They are organizing funeral process

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    from the snares set by those insidi

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    wa tutahhirunâ wa tubellighunâ bi

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