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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

not make friends with

not make friends with people who attack Islam, with holders of bid’at, or with people who are not in one of the four Madhhabs! Do not read their books or newspapers! Do not let their radio and television programs enter your homes! Perform Amr-i-ma’rûf, (i.e. teach Islam,) to people who will listen to you! In other words, give them advice with a smile and sweet words! With your beautiful moral behaviour, show the grandeur and honour of the Islamic religion to all people around you! Ibni ’Âbidîn [1] ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ states as follows in the first volume: “Sev’eteyn (or saw’atayn), i.e. genital and anal areas, is ghalîdh (qaba) awrat in all four Madhhabs. [2] It is farz in all four Madhhabs to cover these private parts. A person who does not attach importance to covering them will become an unbeliever. A man with exposed knees must be (advised, i.e. he must be) made Amr-i-ma’rûf to, so that he should cover his knees. The amr-ima’rûf, however, ought to be performed with soft words. And an obstinate reaction on his part must be answered with silence. Obstinacy on the part of a man with exposed thighs, on the other hand, must be reprimanded. If a man with exposed sev’eteyn reacts with obstinacy (to your admonitory remarks), then he must be complained about to the court of justice so that he should be forced [by way of battery or imprisonment] to cover them. The same order of priority applies to the exacerbation of the sinfulness of looking at a man’s awrat parts.” It is farz in all four Madhhabs for women to cover all their bodies with the exception of their hands and faces to nâ-mahram men and to non-Muslim women, which means that they have to cover their legs, arms, and hair in the presence of such people, (i.e. nâ-mahram men and non-Muslim women.) (Nâ-mahram people for either sex are written in the twelfth chapter of the fifth fascicle of Endless Bliss.) In the Shâfi’î Madhhab, also not to show their faces (to aforesaid people) is farz. If they, or their fathers or their husbands, do not attach importance to this injunction, they will become unbelievers. It is a grave sin for [1] A scholar of Fiqh, whose real name is Sayyid Muhammad Emîn bin ’Umar bin ’Abd-ul-’Azîz (1198 [1784 A.D.], Damascus – 1252 [1836], the same place). He wrote the five-volumed book entitled Radd-ulmuhtâr as an annotation to the book entitled Durr-ul-mukhtâr, which in turn had been written by ’Alâ-ud-dîn Haskafî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’ (1021, Haskaf – 1088 [1677]). Most of the teachings of Fiqh, which occupies a hundred and thirty chapters of the six fascicles of Endless Bliss, have been taken from Radd-ul-muhtâr. [2] Please see the eighth chapter of the fourth fascicle of Endless Bliss. – 38 –

oys to dance or play games with their calves and legs exposed and for girls to do so without covering their heads and arms as well, and to watch them doing so. A Muslim should not waste his or her free time by playing games or doing useless things, but they should benefit it by learning and by performing namâz. It is stated in Kimyâ-i-sa’âdat: “As it is harâm for women and girls to go out with their heads, hair, arms and legs exposed, it is likewise harâm for them to go out clad as they are in thin, ornamented, tight, and perfumed garments. Their parents, husbands, and brothers who countenance, condone and like their doing so will be their accomplices in the sinful act and will therefore get a share from the torment.” In other words, they will burn together in Hell. If they make tawba, they will be forgiven and will not be burned. Allâhu ta’âlâ likes people who make tawba. ZAWJÂT and GHAZAWÂT-I-PEYGAMBERÎ The Blessed Wives and the Holy Wars of the Prophet Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ was forty years old, when the angel named Jebrâîl came to him and told him that he was the Prophet. Three years later he declared his Prophethood, in Mekka. That year is called the year of Bi’that. He made jihâd (holy war) twenty-seven times. In nine of them he attacked as a private. In eighteen holy wars he was the commander in chief. He had four sons, four daughters, eleven wives, twelve paternal uncles, and six paternal aunts. He was twenty-five years old when he made nikâh with Khadîja-t-ul-kubrâ. One year after the passing of Khadîja-tul-kubrâ, when he was fifty-five years old, that is, he made nikâh, as he was commanded by Allâhu ta’âlâ, with ’Âisha, Abû Bakr’s ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ daughter. And he was sixty-three years old when he passed away in her room, which was adjacent to the Masjîd (or Mesjîd, shortened name of Mesjîd-i-Nebî or Masjîd-i- Nabî). He was buried in the same room. Abû Bakr and ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum’ also were buried in this room. As the Mesjîd was being widened, the room was included in the Mesjîd. In the seventh year (of the Hegira), he made nikâh with, (i.e. he married,) Umm-i-Habîba, who was the daughter of Abû Sufyân bin Harb, chief of the Qoureish unbelievers in Mekka. Abû Sufyân is the father of Mu’âwiya ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’. He became a Believer at the conquest of Mekka. He, (i.e. Rasûlullah,) made nikâh with Hafsa, who was ’Umar’s ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ daughter. – 39 –

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