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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

Scholars said that it is

Scholars said that it is kufr to say, “There are two Qiblas. One of them is the Kâ’ba and the other one is Jerusalem.” According to Birgivî, it is kufr to say that there are two Qiblas now, and yet it is not kufr to say, “Bayt-i-muqaddes was the Qibla. Afterwards Kâ’ba became the Qibla.” If a person hates or swears at an Islamic scholar, it is feared that he may become a kâfir, if he does so without any reason. It is kufr to say or to believe that kâfirs’ acts of worship and rites disagreeable with Islam are lovely. Scholars have said that if a person says that not to talk when eating is one of the good customs of magians or that it is one of the good deeds of magians not to go to bed with one’s wife during menstruation or lochia, he becomes a kâfir. If a person ask another person if he is a Believer and the latter replies, “Inshâ-Allah ...,” it causes kufr if he is incapable of explaining it. Scholars have said said if a person says to a person bereaved of his son, “Your son is a must for Allâhu ta’âlâ,” he becomes a kâfir. If a woman who wears a black girdle around her waist says that it is a zunnâr when she is asked what it is, she becomes a kâfir and becomes harâm for her husband. They have said that a person who says, “Bismillah ...,” when eating food that is harâm becomes a kâfir. Hadrat Birgivî says: “As far as this faqîr understands, that person will become a kâfir if what he eats is harâm li-’aynihî, [e.g. wine, unclean meat or fat such as that of an animal that died of itself.] However, this rule applies only when that person knows that what he eats is harâm li-’aynihî, (i.e. food which Islam prohibits to eat.) By doing so he will have taken the Name of Allâhu ta’âlâ lightly. For, things of that sort are harâm themselves. As has been reported by our Imâms (Islamic Guides), If a person says, “Bismillah,” as he eats the food which he has obtained by extortion. For, the food itself is not harâm. It is the extortion that is harâm.” [1] If a person utters a curse against another by saying, “May Allâhu ta’âlâ take away your soul in a state of kufr,” Islamic scholars have not been unanimous on whether that person, (i.e. the one who utters the curse,) will [1] To avoid misunderstanding on this subtle subject, please read the first chapter of the sixth fascicle of Endless Bliss, which is available from Hakîkat Kitâbevi, Fâtih, Istanbul, Turkey. – 50 –

ecome a kâfir. As a matter of fact, it is kufr for a person to approve of his own kufr –Islamic scholars are unanimous on that. As for approval of someone else’s kufr; it is still kufr according to some Islamic scholars, while other Islamic scholars say that it will be kufr if the approval is of kufr itself. But it is not kufr if the approval is on account of wickedness and fisq (sinfulness)– so that the torment to be inflicted should be perpetual and fierce. Birgivî ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ states: “We understand this qawl (scholarly judgement) as essential. For, the true story of Hadrat Mûsâ ‘’alaihis-salâm’ in the Qur’ân al-kerîm is a proof-text for it.” If a person says, “Allâhu ta’âlâ knows that I did not do such and such an act,” although he himself knows that he did it, he becomes a kâfir. For, (by saying so) he has imputed ignorance in guise of wisdom to Hadrat Haqq ta’âlâ. If a person marries a woman by making a nikâh [without any witnesses] and then both the man and the woman say that Allâhu ta’âlâ and the Prophet are their witnesses, both of them become kâfirs. For, our Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ta’âlâ ’alaihi wa sallam’ did not know the ghayb (unknown) when he was alive. It is kufr to say that he knows the ghayb. If a person says that he knows stolen and lost property, he himself and also those who believe him become kâfirs. If he says that genies are informing him, he becomes a kâfir again. Prophets and genies do not know the ghayb, either. Allâhu ta’âlâ, alone, knows the ghayb, and so do those who are informed by Him. As is stated by scholars, if a person wants to swear an oath by Allâhu ta’âlâ and yet another person dissuades him by saying, “I do not want you to swear an oath on Allâhu ta’âlâ. I want an oath sworn on things such as divorce, emancipation of a slave, honour, and chastity,” the latter becomes a kâfir. If a person says to another, “Your countenance reminds me of the Angel of Death,” he becomes a kâfir. For, the Angel of Death is a grand angel. A person who says, “How nice it is not to perform namâz,” becomes a kâfir. As is stated by Islamic scholars, if a person says to another, “Come on and perform namâz,” and the latter replies, “It is difficult for me to perform namâz,” the latter becomes a kâfir. If a person says, “Allâhu ta’âlâ is my witness in heaven,” he becomes a kâfir, because he has ascribed a place for Allâhu ta’âlâ. Allâhu ta’âlâ is free from having a place. [Also, a person who calls – 51 –

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