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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

ghusl. In that case,

ghusl. In that case, however, they will have to add, “I am imitating the Shâfi’î (or Mâlikî) Madhhab,” to their niyyat whenever they are to make a ghusl or an ablution and when performing namâz.] 2– To apply water into the nostrils once. 3– To wash the entire body once. It is farz to wash those parts of the body which do not cause haraj (difficulty) for washing. If a part of the body cannot be washed on account of a darûrat, i.e. a cause that exists in creation and which is not one’s own making, it will be forgiven (by Allâhu ta’âlâ) and the ghusl made will be sahîh (valid, sound). As is stated in the book entitled Durr-ul-mukhtâr, food remains between the teeth and/or in the tooth sockets will not prevent the ghusl made from being sahîh. This is the case according to the fatwâ. [1] For, water will penetrate them and wet the place under them. If the remains are solid, the scholars said that they would prevent water’s penetration. And that is the truth of the matter. Ibni ’Âbidîn ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ explains the matter as follows: It is written in the book entitled Khulâsa-t-ulfatâwâ, as well, that they will not prevent (water’s penetration because water, a liquid, will pass through the food (so as to wet the place under it). If it is found out that water is not passing through the food remains, the ghusl made will not be sahîh, a fact which is acknowledged by all scholars unanimously. The same is stated also in the book entitled Hilya-t-ul-mujallî, (written by Ibni Emîr Hâjj) Halabî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, d. 879 [1474 A.D.].) If the remains have solidified under constant pressure, they will not let water pass through, and so the ghusl made will not be sahîh. For, there is not a darûrat in this. [In other words, it is not something that has happened by itself.] Nor is there any haraj [in cleaning these parts (or the body).] It is written in the book entitled Halabî-i-saghîr: If a person makes a ghusl with remains of bread or food or other things between his teeth, his ghusl will be sahîh, according to fatwâs, even if he thinks that the water (used in the ghusl) has not passed through the remains. That the fatwâ given agrees with this is written in Khulâsa-t-ul-fatâwâ. According to some scholars, the [1] Fatwâ is a conclusive explanation wherein an authorized Islamic scholar answers Muslims’ questions on a religious matter. Sources and documents on which the fatwâ is based are appended to the fatwâ. – 66 –

ghusl made will not be sahîh if the remains are solid. This final judgment is written also in the book entitled Zahîra-t-ul-fatâwâ, (written by Burhân-ad-dîn Mahmûd bin Tâj-ud-dîn Ahmad bin ’Abd-ul-’Azîz Bukhârî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’, 551 [1156 A.D.]–martyred in 616 [1219].) It is the valid judgment concerning the matter. For, the water used will not reach below them. And there is not a darûrat or haraj, either. It is stated as follows in the book entitled Durr-ul-Muntaqâ: [1] Concerning the ghusl made when there are food remains in your tooth sockets, there are Islamic scholars who argue that the ghusl will be sahîh as well as those who believe the other way round. For safety’s sake, the food remains ought to be removed beforehand. As is stated in Tahtâwî’s commentary to Marâq-il-falâh, if there are food remains in the tooth sockets or between the teeth, ghusl will be sahîh. For water is a fluid and will seep through them easily. If the food remains have been hardened by chewing, they will prevent ghusl. So is written in the book entitled Fat-h-ul-qadîr. It is stated in the book entitled Bahr-ur-râiq that ghusl will be sahîh if there are food remains in the tooth sockets or between the teeth. For, water is a fine substance which will seep through anything. The same is written in the book entitled Tejnîs (or Tajnîs). Sadr-ush-shehîd Husâmaddîn said that ghusl made in that state will not be sahîh and that therefore the remains must be removed and the water must be made to flow through the tooth interiors. It will be safer to remove the remains and wash under them. It is stated in the book entitled Fatâwâ-i-Hindiyya: The argument closer to the truth is the one that holds that ghusl made by a person with food remains in their tooth sockets or between their teeth will be sahîh. The same argument is written in Zâhidî. However, it is advisable to remove the remains and make water flow into the sockets. As is stated in the book entitled Qâdikhân, it is written in the book entitled Nâtifî that ghusl made while there are food remains around the teeth will not have been made adequately and that it is necessary to remove them and wash the places under them. It is written in the book entitled al-Mejmû’at-uz-zuhdiyya: If the food remains between the teeth become like solid dough and [1] Written by ’Alâ-ud-dîn Haskafî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’ (1021, Haskaf – 1088 [1677 A.D.]). – 67 –

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