8 months ago

Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

leeding) are called

leeding) are called hukmî purity or fâsid purity. Periods without any bleeding observed and yet which are shorter than fifteen days are called fâsid purity. Sahîh purity and and hukmî purity are called full purity. Bleedings that are observed before and after a period of full purity and which continue for (at least) three days each are two separate periods of haid. Any colour of blood with the exception of white, and yet including a cloudy colour, is blood of haid. When a girl starts to menstruate she becomes bâligha, (that is, she has reached the age of puberty.) In other words, she becomes a woman. The number of the days between the moment when bleeding is observed and the day when the bleeding ceases is period of ’âdat. Period of ’âdat is ten days maximum. It is three days minimum. In the Shâfi’î and Hanbalî Madhhabs, it is fifteen days maximum and one day minimum. Haid is not necessarily a non-stop bleeding. If a bleeding observed to have started ceases and then is observed to recur one or two days later, the time of purity that takes place in between and which continues for shorter than three days, must be added to the period as if blood flowed continuously, according to a consensus of Islamic scholars. If that purity continues for three or more days and yet comes to an end before the tenth day of haid, it should be concluded that the bleeding has continued incessantly for ten days, according to a report that Imâm Muhammad ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’ conveys from Imâm A’zam Abû Hanîfa ‘rahimahullâhu ta’âlâ’. There is yet another scholarly report conveyed by Imâm Muhammad. On the other hand, according to Imâm Abû Yûsuf ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’, all the days of purity that are over before the fifteenth day are to be added to the period as if the blood flowed incessantly. If a girl observes bleeding for one day and then experiences purity for the following fourteen days and thereafter bleeds for one day again; or if a woman undergoes a one day of bleeding and thereafter ten days of purity directly followed by one day of bleeding, or observes bleeding for three days and thereafter undergoes five days of purity and thereafter bleeds again for one day; the first ten days of the girl make up her meansrual period called ’âdat, according to Imâm Abû Yûsuf. As for the former woman, the number of days equalling her ’âdat are menstrual, all the days directly thereafter being istihâda (menorrhagia). All nine days of the latter woman are menstrual. According to Imâm Muhammad’s ‘rahima-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ first riwâya(t), (i.e. scholarly report,) only nine days of the former – 80 –

women are menstrual (haid). According to the second riwâyat of Imâm Muhammad, only the first three days of the latter woman are menstrual, and none of the others is menstrual. Translating from the book entitled Multeqâ (or Multaqâ) [1] for our current book, we have written all the following information in the light of Imâm Muhammad’s first riwâyat. One day, (in this context,) means exactly twenty-four hours. It is mustahab, for unmarried (virginal) women only during menses, and for married women always, to place a piece of cloth or cotton called kursuf (pad, sanitary towel, tampon) on the mouth of their genitalia, and to use perfume on it. It is makrûh for them to insert the entire kursuf into the vagina. A girl who observes blood stains on the kursuf every day for months on end must be accepted to be menstruating for the first ten days and undergoing istihâda for the following twenty days (of each month). This rule applies until this incessant bleeding, which is termed istimrâr, ceases. If a girl observes bleeding for three days running and then does not observe it for one day and then observes it again for one day and then does not observe it for two days running and then observes it again for one day and then does not observe it for one day and then observes it again for one day, all ten days are menstrual. If she sees blood one day and yet does not see it the following day, and if this everyother-day process continues for ten days monthly, she ceases from namâz and fasting every other day whereon she sees bleeding, and makes a ghusl and performs her daily namâz every other day whereon no bleeding takes place [Mesâil-i-sharh-i-wikâya]. [2] Bleeding that continues for a period shorter than three days, which equals seventy-two hours, be it shorter by five minutes or, for a newly pubescent girl, which is still being undergone after the tenth day when it continues for more than ten days, or, for a woman who is not new, which she undergoes after her ’âdat when it exceeds not only her ’âdat but the ten-day maximum, or which is undergone by a pregnant or âisa [old] woman or by a small girl under the age of nine, is not menstrual. It is called istihâda (menorrhagia), or fâsid bleeding. A woman becomes âisa around the age of fifty-five. If a woman whose ’âdat is five days observes bleeding when half of the [1] Written by Ibrâhîm bin Muhammad Halabî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’ (866, Aleppo – 956 [1549 A.D.], Istanbul. There is also a French version of the book. [2] That book, in the Fârisî language, was written by ’Abd-ul-Haqq Sujâdil Serhendî ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ ’alaih’. – 81 –

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