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Miftah-ul-Janna (Booklet for way to Paradise)

within her (previous)

within her (previous) ’âdat and observes bleeding for one day directly after her (previous) ’âdat, the five days of purity in between are, according to Imâm Abû Yûsuf, menstrual, and her ’âdat has not changed. If she observes bleeding for the last three days of her (previous ’âdat) and also for eight more days directly thereafter, its first three days are menstrual, and the number has changed. If the extra days of bleeding are few enough so that the addition will not exceed ten days and there follows a sahîh purity, the entire sum, (i.e. three plus fewer than eight days,) is menstrual. If the purity that followed were fâsid purity, then her ’âdat would not change. If her ’âdat is five days and yet observes bleeding for six days and thereafter undergoes purity for fourteen days and thereafter bleeding for one day, her ’âdat has not changed. Let us give eleven examples based on a hypothetical woman whose ’âdat consists of five days of haid and fifty-five days of purity to add elucidation to what has been said so far: 1– If this woman goes through a period of five days of menstruation and fifteen days of purity and thereafter eleven days of bleeding, no bleeding takes place within her (usual and also previous) ’âdat, which would have taken place fifty-five days later (than the end of her ’âdat of five days). So, the time of the ’âdat has changed but the number of its days has not changed. The first five days of the (final) eleven days are menstrual. 2– If she undergoes five days of bleeding followed by forty-six days of purity and eleven days of bleeding, in that case the last two days of the (final) eleven days fall within the period of ’âdat. However, since they are fewer than three days, the number of the days of ’âdat does not change although its time changes. Then, the first five of the eleven days are menstrual. 3– If she experiences five days of menstruation and forty-eight days of purity and then twelve days of bleeding, five of the twelve days are days of (the usual fifty-five days of) purity, and five days are menstrual. So, no change has taken place. 4– If she goes through five days of bleeding and fifty-four days of purity and one day of bleeding and fourteen days of purity and then one day of bleeding, the one day in between, (the earlier one day, that is,) is the last day of (her usual) purity. Since the fourteen days are nâqis (imperfect) purity, (in other words, because they are five days fewer than the accepted full purity,) they are days of bleeding, and the first five of them are menstrual. The time of ’âdat and the number of its days have not changed. – 84 –

5– In a succession of five days of bleeding followed by fiftyseven days of purity followed by three days of bleeding followed by fourteen days of purity followed by one day of bleeding, the three days of bleeding are within the time of the ’âdat. The fourteen days which follow them are counted as days of bleeding. However, since the number exceeds eleven days, the ’âdat has changed only in its number of days. 6– If five days of bleeding and fifty-five days of purity and then nine days of bleeding which is followed by a sahîh purity, have been experiented, the (final) nine days of bleeding are menstrual. Only the number (of days of ’âdat) has changed. There are more than three days both in the time of ’âdat and thereafter. 7– In case of five days of bleeding followed by fifty days of purity followed by ten days of bleeding, the ten days are haid (menstrual). The ’âdat of days of purity has changed to fifty days. Days of bleeding are in the time of ’âdat, and so is their number. 8– In case of five days of bleeding and fifty-four days of purity and eight days of bleeding, the eight days are menstrual, and more than three days of it are in the ’âdat. Numbers of menstrual and purity days have changed by one day. 9– In case of five days of bleeding and fifty days of purity and seven days of bleeding, the seven days are menstrual, days as many as the number of nisâb are before the ’âdat and fewer than three days are in the nisâb. So, the haid has changed both in its time and in its number of days, whereas days of purity have changed only in number. 10– In case of five days of bleeding and fifty-eight days of purity and three days of bleeding, the three days are haid, two days of them being in the time of ’âdat and one day being after it. The ’âdat of haid has changed both in its time and in its number of days, and purity has changed only in its number of days. 11– In case of five days of bleeding and sixty-four days of purity and seven or eleven days of bleeding, in the former sub-case the seven days are menstrual, wherein change has taken place in the ’âdat and in time. In the latter sub-case, the earliest five of the eleven days are menstrual, the remaining six days being istihâda. The ’âdat changes only in its time. Since the bleeding continues for more than ten days, the number does not change. Purity changes in its number of days. It is stated as follows by Imâm Fakhr-ud-dîn ’Uthmân Zeylâ’î ‘rahim-hullâhu ta’âlâ’ (d. 743 [1343 A.D.], Egypt), in his book – 85 –

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