Mu’âwiya’s son), was expecting to succeed his father to caliphate. He sent some poison to hadrat Hasan’s wife Ja’da, saying, “If you poison Hasan with this, I shall marry you and overwhelm you with jewellery and property from head to foot.” Falling for this false promise, the woman administered poison several times. Yet hadrat Hasan recovered each time. He would not say anything though he knew that it was his wife who was doing this. He separated his bed and began to take good care of his food. One night Ja’da secretly entered his room and put diamond powder in his drinking glass. When hadrat Hasan drank the water at night, his stomach began to break into pieces. In his dying bed, hadrat Huseyn, (his brother), tried in vain to make him name the person who had given him the poison. Hadrat Hasan asked, “Would you retaliate if you knew who it was?” “Certainly,” was the brother’s answer. “I would kill him.” Upon this, hadrat Hasan said, “The punishment he has deserved will suffice,” without hinting in the least that it was his wife’s perfidy. He passed away forty days later. He was buried near his mother hadrat Fâtima ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ anhâ’ in Bakî’ cemetery. Imputing the murder committed by Yezîd to his father is a felony no less wicked than the murder itself. For this slander is identical with imputing the disbelief of Nûh’s ‘alaihis-salâm’ son Ken’ân (Canaan) to his father, the exalted Prophet. 36- He says, “Mu’âwiya, as a stage for his extremely perfidious and cruel future aims, took into his family an extremely cruel, treacherous and murderous villain, namely Ziyâd bin Ebîh, his father Abû Sufyân’s illegitimate child. By appointing this villain’s son, Ubeydullah, a master of banditry, as a governor as he himself was still alive, he intentionally, purposely prepared him for the planning and execution ofthe horrendous Kerbelâ slaughter. How can these tricks and schemes be errors of ijtihâd?” He states that he is quoting these statements from Qisâs-i-Enbiyâ. Unfortunately, Qisâs-i-Enbiyâ contains some disrespectful and ill-mannered criticisms and comments made about Mu’âwiya. The insolent words quoted above could not find their way through Cevdet Paşa’s ‘rahmatullâhi ta’âlâ aleyh’ faithful pen, nor was he the kind of person to let them foul the pages of his book. Let us see how he expresses these events in Qisâs-i-Enbiyâ: The people of Fâris revolted against hadrat Alî. They refused to pay (taxes called) Ushr and Kharâdj. In the thirty-ninth year ofthe Hegira, hadrat Alî appointed Ziyâd bin Ebîh, who was an official of Bayt-ul-mâl in Basra, as governor ofthe provinces of – 286 –
Fâris and Kermân. Abdullah bin Abbâs, who was the Emîr of Basra, sent Ziyâd to Fâris with some forces under his command. Ziyâd was a very clever, talented, far-sighted administrator. Owing to his skillful management, he handled the affairs without having to use the forces under his command. In a short time he restored peace and order in the provinces of Fâris and Kermân. He subdued the rebels. When hadrat Alî received some complaints about the Emîr of Basra Abdullah bin Abbâs, he asked Abdullah to send him the book of accounts for the property of Jizya. Offended, Abdullah Ibni Abbâs wrote him an answer saying that he ‘might as well send someone else for his service.’ He left Basra. After hadrat Alî’s martyrdom, Ziyâd would not pay homage to Mu’âwiya. Ziyâd was an extremely intelligent and most eloquent orator. Formerly he was a secretary to Abû Mûsal-Esh’arî, the governor of Basra. Hadrat ’Umar, during his caliphate, assigned him some duties. After the event of Camel, hadrat Alî appointed him head ofthe finance office in Basra and then Emîr of Fâris. Being a good administrator, he established order in the province. Seeing his accomplishments, hadrat Mu’âwiya declared him his real brother. Hadrat Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ anh’ wrote a letter to Ziyâd, warning him as follows: “I have appointed you governor to this province. You are the expert of this job! Yet you cannot attain Abû Sufyân’s genealogy or inheritance only on a word he expresses. Mu’âwiya (is a person who) will cleverly approach a person from the opposite direction, from his back, from his right and left. Guard yourself against him.” In the pre-Islamic period there were various types of marriage in Arabia. Islam prohibited them. Ziyâd was born from a marriage established according to the customs valid in those days. In the year 45 (H.), hadrat Mu’âwiya appointed Ziyâd governor to Basra, Khorasan and Sijistan. That year debauchery was widespread in Basra. Ziyâd mounted the minber. He made an extremely eloquent and clear speech. He admonished the people against sinning, debauchery and vices. He threatened them with heavy punishments. (Whenever it was time for night prayer), he would conduct the namâz (in jamâ’at) very slowly and reciting long sûras and then send them to their homes late, prohibiting them to go out after that time of night. By means of this martial law he established order in Basra, thus consolidating hadrat Mu’âwiya’s government. He established such strict discipline that a person who dropped something in a street would find it there if – 287 –
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ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY
This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim.
For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter.
Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.
At the beginning of the book (The Blessed) superiority of Ashâb of our prophet, Muhammad ´alayhissalâm, is explained along with how unjust and ignorant are those who defame Ashâb-ı-kirâm. Besides, the meaning of ijtihâd is explained. In the part of cautioning, an answer is given to the book (Hüsniyye) written by an enemy of Islam. In another part, biographies of great savants of Islam - hadrat Imâm-ı Rabbâni and hadrat Sayyed Abdülhakîm-ı Arvâsi - are explained. In the part Two Apples of the Eye of Muslims superiority of hadrat Abû Bakr and hadrat Omar is explained; in the part The First Fitna in Islam events between Ashâb-ı-kirâm are explained beautifully from the pen of hadrat Imâm-ı Rabbâni Ahmad Fârûkî Sarhandi who explains that to love all of Ashâb-ı-kirâm is a fundamental condition of being Ahl-i-sunnat.
BELIEF AND ISLAM
star This work, Belief and Islam, originally was written in Persian under the title I’tiqâd-nâma by Hadrât Mawlânâ Khâlid al-Baghdâdî, a profound ‘âlim of Islam and a specialist in ma’ârif of tasawwuf. Hâji Faydullah Effendi of Kemah, a khalîfa of great walî Mavlânâ Mahmûd Sâhib, the brother of the author, translated the book into Turkish and named it Farâid-ul-fawâid which was printed in Istanbul in 1312 A.H.. Our bookstore had it translated again from the Persian original into Turkish and, some explanations and three chapters, published it with the title Imân ve Islâm in 1966. German, French and Arabic versions are also published by our bookstore. This book, explains five fundamentals of Islam, six fundamentals of îmân and the contemporary information about the matter and refutes those who are against Islam and those who are lâ-madbhabî.
The Turkish original of the book Se’âdet-i Ebediyye consists of three parts, all of which add up to more than a thousand pages. We have translated the entire book into English and have published six individual fascicles. Se’âdet-i Ebediyye is a book prepared according to the Hanafî Madhhab. There is not a bit of knowledge or word which does not confirm the creed of the Ahl-i Sunnat and Jamâ’at in this book. This is the first fascicle. We invoke Allâhu ta’âlâ to help us deliver it to our dear readers.
There are two hundred and forty (240) chapters in Se’âdet-i Ebediyye, and it consists of three parts. Forty-one of the ninety-eight chapters in the first part, thirty-four of the seventy-two chapters in the second part and thirty-three of the seventy chapters in the third part are translations of the letters in the Persian original of Maktûbât (The Letters) by Hadrat Imâm-i Rabbânî ‘rahmat-Allâhi ’alaih’ . A few of them are translations of letters by Hadrat Muhammad Ma’sûm ‘rahmat-Allâhi ’alaih’. The remaining chapters are taken from many valuable books. Maktûbât by Hadrat Imam-î Rabbânî consists of three volumes (I, II, III) and they contain five hundred and thirty six letters. All of them were published in two volumes in Pakistan in 1392 [1972 A.D.], and it was printed by offset in 1397 [1977 A.D.] in Istanbul. Maktûbât by Hadrat Muhammad Ma’sûm, his son, is also of three volumes (IV, V, VI). The volume number and the number of each letter translated is given below. The additions in brackets are explanations made by the translator, (i.e. Hadrat Hüseyn Hilmi Işık 'quddisa sirruh'.).
Subjects relating to belief of ahl as-Sunnat are quoted from famous Ahl as-Sunnat scholars' books.
THE SUNNI PATH
The beginning of (The Sunni Path), the book by a statesman of the Ottoman Empire Ahmet Cevdet Pasha (Ma’lûmat-ı Nâfia=Beneficial Information), gives a succinct information about how to believe in the religion of Islam and makes the classification of the science of Islam. Imâm-ı Gazâli, one of the greatest savants of Islam, briefly explains the explanations of Ahl-i-sunnat savants of the true religion of Islam preached by Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm. In addition to this, the life of Imâm-ı A’zam Ebû Hanifa, a great Ahl-i-sunnat savant, is summarized in the book (The Sunni Path). Besides, given are an answer to the slanderers and an explanation to (How to be a True Muslim?)
In this precious book written by Imâm-ı Rabbânî Ahmed Fârûkî Serhendi, one of the greatest savants of Islam, explained are the proof of Prophethood, the special features of a Prophet that distinguish him from other men, a miracle, the Prophethood of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm. In addition to this, the lives of great savants of Islam such as Sayyed Abdülhakîm-i Arvâsî, Sayyed Fehîm-i Arvâsî, Sayyed Tâhâ-i Hakkârî and Hüseyn Hilmi bin Sa’id Effendi are briefly narrated.
Translations of letters from Imam-i Rabbani's Maktubat and Sayyid Abdulhakim Arwasi's books. Subjects include kinds of hadiths, justice, qada, qadar, madhhabs, bid'ats, fiqh, shafa'at, corrupt religions, Islam&Science and various aspects of sufism.
WHY DID THEY BECOME MUSLIMS?
The book Why Did They Become Muslims consists of 3 sections. Section I is a book of Islam and Christianity. Information about Prophets, books, religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) is given, conditions of being a true Muslim are explained, the words of those filled with admiration for Islam and the lives of 42 people who being a member of other religions chose Islam are narrated. Section II is a book of the Qur’an-ı Karîm and the Torah and the Bibles as of Today. Information about today’s Torah and Bibles is given, errors in the Bible are explained; that the Qur’an-ı Karîm is the last and unchangeable book is explained scientifically. Besides, explained are miracles, virtues, moral practices and habits of Muhammad ´alayhissalâm. Section III is a book of Islam and Other Religions. That Islam is not a religion of savageness, that a true Muslim is not ignorant, that there can be no philosophy in Islam are explained along with explanations of primitive religions and celestial religions.
CONFESSIONS OF A BRITISH SPY
Must read for every Muslim!
This book ConfessionbyaBritishspy, translated from the book (Muzakkarat-ul Mister Hempher) which was published in Cairo by (Dâr-ul-kitâb-is-sufi), consists of the memoirs of Hempher, one of the thousands of spies, men or women, send to islamic countries by Ministry of the British Colonies, to demolish the Islamic religion. In this confession, the spy, Hempher, disclosed the lies and slanders fabricated by the Ministry; how he had deceived Muhammad bin Abdulwahhab, the founder of Wahhâbism; how he had strived to divide Muslims into groups and to corrupt their religion.
Answer to an Enemy of Islam
This is a refutation of the lies and slanders which the lâ-madhhabî Rashîd Rıdâ of Egypt, who appeared in the disguise of a religious man and wrote against the scholars of Islam in his book Muhâwarât.
It is a translation of (Cevap Veremedi) into English. Harputlu Ishâk Effendi explains how the Bible - the true book revealed to Isa 'alaihis-salam - was distorted; how words that belonged to people were put into firstly written four Gospels; that the theory of trinity is erroneous; the belief of Tawhid (the unity of Allahu ta’ala) in Islam. Besides, a few very precious letters - a food of a soul by Muhammad Ma’sûm-î Fârûkî - take place. Information about Judaism, Torah and Talmud is also given.
THE BOOK ‘O SON’
Al-hamdu lillâhi Rabbil ’âlamîn. Wa-s-salâtu wa-s-salâmu ’alâ
Rasûlinâ Muhammadin wa Âlihi wa Sahbihi ajma’în.
1– O son! Collecting from books written by the scholars of the
Hanafî Madhhab three hundred and sixty hadîth-i-sherîfs and
forty-four khabars and also the seven essentials and the five rukns
and the seven wâjibs and the fourteen sunnats and the twenty-five
mustahabs and the fourteen mufsids of namâz, I have explained
them for you. Adapt your acts and deeds to these teachings so that
you attain fayz and nejât (salvation)!
2– Also for your information, I have collected a thousand and
ninety âdâb (adabs) for you and for other young Muslims like you.
If you adapt your actions and acts of worship to these teachings,
they will be sufficient for you. If you laze, disobey Allâhu ta’âlâ
and cease from these practices and manners, you will be afflicted
with slavery and disgrace in the world and subjected to torment in
the world to come.
If you live up to them and advise your Muslim brothers to do
the same, it will be useful for you. They will say blessings over you.
And Haqq ta’âlâ will accept their invocations. For, a slave will be
pardoned on account of another slave’s invocations for them.