It is never disbelief to disagree with hadrat Alî’s ijtihâd in the teachings of fiqh. It is not a sin, either. For hadrat Alî, like all the As-hâb-i-kirâm, was mujtahid. In the (religious) teachings which require ijtihâd, it is permissible for mujtahids to disagree with one another, and in this case each mujtahid will earn one thawâb. A person who fought out of animosity would certainly become a disbeliever. In fact, some scholars of Ahl as-sunna called Khârijîs ‘disbelievers’ on account of this principle. The hadîth-i-sherîf, “To fight you is to fight me,” is intended for Khârijîs. After all, these people could not be said to be ‘definitely disbelievers’. For their fighting was not intended as an acknowledgement of disbelief. For this reason, these people cannot be called renegades. Nevertheless, their doubts were idiotic, and because they contradicted those âyat-i-kerîmas and hadîth-i-sherîfs with clear meanings, they will not be excused, since it is not permissible to interpret âyats with overt meanings. According to the Ahl assunna, Khârijîs will stay with disbelievers in the Hereafter. It is not permissible to pray for their being pardoned or to perform the namâz of janâza for them. This is not the case with those who were against hadrat Alî in the combats of Camel and Siffîn. They fought him as a result oftheir doubts and interpretation. Because theirs was a mistake of ijtihâd, they did not become disbelievers. Nor can they be blamed for this. For they are praised in âyat-i-kerîmas and hadîth-i-sherîfs. These people struggled not to fulfill the desires oftheir nafs, but for the sake of Allah. A person who will not admit this fact should at least hold his tongue, keep quiet. Thinking that these people were the As-hâb-i-kirâm and the Mujâhidîn-i-Islâm, he should avoid committing an act of disrespect against them. In fact, âyat-i-kerîmas and hadîth-i-sherîfs praise all Believers. The hope of attaning shafâ’at (intercession) and salvation through the forgiveness of Allâhu ta’âlâ includes every Muslim. If any one ofthe Damascenes who joined the combats of Camel and Siffîn is known definitely to have been hostile towards hadrat Alî, to have called him a disbeliever and to have cursed him, we will call that person a disbeliever. Yet no one has been reported to have done so until now. Ignorant people’s fabrications cannot be of scientific or documentary capacity. Since those Sahâbîs are definitely known to have been Believers in the beginning, we have to know them as such. If a person disbelieves the fact that the four Khalîfas will go to Paradise or says about any one ofthem that he is not worthy of being a Khalîfa or denies his knowledge or justice or taqwâ, this person becomes a disbeliever. Yet if a person fights – 310 –
these blessed people as a result of his sensuous indulgence or for worldly advantages such as property or out of doubts or because of misinterpreting âyats and hadîths whose meanings are not clear or definite, he will not become a disbeliever. He will become a sinner. Hadrat Mu’âwiya and hadrat Amr Ibni Âs’ ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ anhumâ’ fighting hadrat Alî ‘kerrem-Allâhu wejheh’ was never based on base motives or malicious reasons. They said that they were ofthe opinion that the murderers of hadrat ’Uthmân should be arrested and retaliated against and acknowledged that hadrat Alî was higher and more virtuous than themselves. Whatever they did and said till their death was an indication of a strong îmân. All their thoughts and toils were for Allah’s sake, for Islam. It is explained clearly in the hadîth-i-sherîfs quoted in the four hundred and ninety-fourth page ofthe book Izâlat-ul-hafâ that both parties fought for the same purpose. 42 – It is stated in the book Tarîqat-i-Muhammadiyya, by Imâm-›-Muhammed Birghivî, and in the two books Berîqa and Hadîqa, which are explanations ofthe former: A hadîth-i-sherîf quoted by Imâm-i-Bukhârî and Imâm-i-Muslim states, “Certainly there will come a time when my Ummat will be like the sons of Isrâîl [Jews and Christians]. They will resemble them like a pair of shoes, which are exactly identical with each other; to the extent that if one ofthem (Jews and Christians) commits fornication with his mother, there will be people doing the same among my Ummat. Sons of Isrâîl parted into seventy-two groups. My Ummat will part into seventy- three groups. Seventy-two ofthese groups will go into Hell on account oftheir heretical creeds. Only one group will not enter there.” When the Messenger was asked who were in that group, he said, “They are those people who follow me and my As-hâb.” It is written in the books Milel ve Nihâl and Berîqa that sons of Isrâîl parted into seventy-one groups after Mûsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’ and seventy-two groups after Îsâ ‘alaihissalâm’. This unique group, who will be safe from entering Hell owing to their (correct) belief, are called the Madh-hab of Ahl assunna wa’l-jamâ’a. Each ofthe seventy-two groups claim to be the group of Ahl as-sunna and believe that they will go to Paradise. However, this is not something to be judged by sheer words or suppositions. It is judged in accordance with words’ and deeds’ being agreeable with âyat-i-kerîmas and hadîth-i-sherîfs. The Madh-hab of Ahl as-sunnat parted into two sub-groups called Mâ-turîdî and Esh’arî. Yet, since they are ofthe same origin – 311 –
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ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY
This book is written in the nature of a “key” for those Muslim brothers of ours who have just a smattering of knowledge on how the Islamic religion has developed, and it has been written for those non-Muslims willing to know the fundamentals of Islam. Islam, the most up-to-date and the most immaculate of the world’s existing religions, is based upon very humane and very logical principles. Without going into details, this book touches upon the fundamentals of Islam and makes a comparison of Islam with other religions. It answers criticisms raised against Islam by its adversaries and explains as compendiously as possible the qualifications essential for being a good Muslim.
For those who would like to read valuable books on Islam written by Islamic scholars (rahimahumullâhu ta’âlâ) after learning the facts contained in this book, we advise that they read books published in different languages by the Hakîkat Kitabevi (Bookstore) in Istanbul. The names of these books are appended to our books. Read this book slowly and with reflection! Encourage others to read it, too! An ignorant person cannot be a good Muslim. Indeed, it is impossible for a person not to attach all his heart to Islam after learning its fundamentals. After reading this book, you will also realize what a lofty, sacred, logical, and perfect religion Islam is, and you will attach all your heart and soul to it in order to attain salvation and repose in this world and in the hereafter.
Islam that abrogated celestial religions of Judaism and Christianity along with their validity is explained first. That Qur’an-ı Karîm is word of Allah; miracles of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm, his virtues, moral practices and habits; how to be a true Muslim; a comparison of Islam and Christianity; that Muslims are scientifically powerful; are explained next.
At the beginning of the book (The Blessed) superiority of Ashâb of our prophet, Muhammad ´alayhissalâm, is explained along with how unjust and ignorant are those who defame Ashâb-ı-kirâm. Besides, the meaning of ijtihâd is explained. In the part of cautioning, an answer is given to the book (Hüsniyye) written by an enemy of Islam. In another part, biographies of great savants of Islam - hadrat Imâm-ı Rabbâni and hadrat Sayyed Abdülhakîm-ı Arvâsi - are explained. In the part Two Apples of the Eye of Muslims superiority of hadrat Abû Bakr and hadrat Omar is explained; in the part The First Fitna in Islam events between Ashâb-ı-kirâm are explained beautifully from the pen of hadrat Imâm-ı Rabbâni Ahmad Fârûkî Sarhandi who explains that to love all of Ashâb-ı-kirâm is a fundamental condition of being Ahl-i-sunnat.
BELIEF AND ISLAM
star This work, Belief and Islam, originally was written in Persian under the title I’tiqâd-nâma by Hadrât Mawlânâ Khâlid al-Baghdâdî, a profound ‘âlim of Islam and a specialist in ma’ârif of tasawwuf. Hâji Faydullah Effendi of Kemah, a khalîfa of great walî Mavlânâ Mahmûd Sâhib, the brother of the author, translated the book into Turkish and named it Farâid-ul-fawâid which was printed in Istanbul in 1312 A.H.. Our bookstore had it translated again from the Persian original into Turkish and, some explanations and three chapters, published it with the title Imân ve Islâm in 1966. German, French and Arabic versions are also published by our bookstore. This book, explains five fundamentals of Islam, six fundamentals of îmân and the contemporary information about the matter and refutes those who are against Islam and those who are lâ-madbhabî.
The Turkish original of the book Se’âdet-i Ebediyye consists of three parts, all of which add up to more than a thousand pages. We have translated the entire book into English and have published six individual fascicles. Se’âdet-i Ebediyye is a book prepared according to the Hanafî Madhhab. There is not a bit of knowledge or word which does not confirm the creed of the Ahl-i Sunnat and Jamâ’at in this book. This is the first fascicle. We invoke Allâhu ta’âlâ to help us deliver it to our dear readers.
There are two hundred and forty (240) chapters in Se’âdet-i Ebediyye, and it consists of three parts. Forty-one of the ninety-eight chapters in the first part, thirty-four of the seventy-two chapters in the second part and thirty-three of the seventy chapters in the third part are translations of the letters in the Persian original of Maktûbât (The Letters) by Hadrat Imâm-i Rabbânî ‘rahmat-Allâhi ’alaih’ . A few of them are translations of letters by Hadrat Muhammad Ma’sûm ‘rahmat-Allâhi ’alaih’. The remaining chapters are taken from many valuable books. Maktûbât by Hadrat Imam-î Rabbânî consists of three volumes (I, II, III) and they contain five hundred and thirty six letters. All of them were published in two volumes in Pakistan in 1392 [1972 A.D.], and it was printed by offset in 1397 [1977 A.D.] in Istanbul. Maktûbât by Hadrat Muhammad Ma’sûm, his son, is also of three volumes (IV, V, VI). The volume number and the number of each letter translated is given below. The additions in brackets are explanations made by the translator, (i.e. Hadrat Hüseyn Hilmi Işık 'quddisa sirruh'.).
Subjects relating to belief of ahl as-Sunnat are quoted from famous Ahl as-Sunnat scholars' books.
THE SUNNI PATH
The beginning of (The Sunni Path), the book by a statesman of the Ottoman Empire Ahmet Cevdet Pasha (Ma’lûmat-ı Nâfia=Beneficial Information), gives a succinct information about how to believe in the religion of Islam and makes the classification of the science of Islam. Imâm-ı Gazâli, one of the greatest savants of Islam, briefly explains the explanations of Ahl-i-sunnat savants of the true religion of Islam preached by Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm. In addition to this, the life of Imâm-ı A’zam Ebû Hanifa, a great Ahl-i-sunnat savant, is summarized in the book (The Sunni Path). Besides, given are an answer to the slanderers and an explanation to (How to be a True Muslim?)
In this precious book written by Imâm-ı Rabbânî Ahmed Fârûkî Serhendi, one of the greatest savants of Islam, explained are the proof of Prophethood, the special features of a Prophet that distinguish him from other men, a miracle, the Prophethood of Muhammad ׳alayhissalâm. In addition to this, the lives of great savants of Islam such as Sayyed Abdülhakîm-i Arvâsî, Sayyed Fehîm-i Arvâsî, Sayyed Tâhâ-i Hakkârî and Hüseyn Hilmi bin Sa’id Effendi are briefly narrated.
Translations of letters from Imam-i Rabbani's Maktubat and Sayyid Abdulhakim Arwasi's books. Subjects include kinds of hadiths, justice, qada, qadar, madhhabs, bid'ats, fiqh, shafa'at, corrupt religions, Islam&Science and various aspects of sufism.
WHY DID THEY BECOME MUSLIMS?
The book Why Did They Become Muslims consists of 3 sections. Section I is a book of Islam and Christianity. Information about Prophets, books, religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) is given, conditions of being a true Muslim are explained, the words of those filled with admiration for Islam and the lives of 42 people who being a member of other religions chose Islam are narrated. Section II is a book of the Qur’an-ı Karîm and the Torah and the Bibles as of Today. Information about today’s Torah and Bibles is given, errors in the Bible are explained; that the Qur’an-ı Karîm is the last and unchangeable book is explained scientifically. Besides, explained are miracles, virtues, moral practices and habits of Muhammad ´alayhissalâm. Section III is a book of Islam and Other Religions. That Islam is not a religion of savageness, that a true Muslim is not ignorant, that there can be no philosophy in Islam are explained along with explanations of primitive religions and celestial religions.
CONFESSIONS OF A BRITISH SPY
Must read for every Muslim!
This book ConfessionbyaBritishspy, translated from the book (Muzakkarat-ul Mister Hempher) which was published in Cairo by (Dâr-ul-kitâb-is-sufi), consists of the memoirs of Hempher, one of the thousands of spies, men or women, send to islamic countries by Ministry of the British Colonies, to demolish the Islamic religion. In this confession, the spy, Hempher, disclosed the lies and slanders fabricated by the Ministry; how he had deceived Muhammad bin Abdulwahhab, the founder of Wahhâbism; how he had strived to divide Muslims into groups and to corrupt their religion.
Answer to an Enemy of Islam
This is a refutation of the lies and slanders which the lâ-madhhabî Rashîd Rıdâ of Egypt, who appeared in the disguise of a religious man and wrote against the scholars of Islam in his book Muhâwarât.
It is a translation of (Cevap Veremedi) into English. Harputlu Ishâk Effendi explains how the Bible - the true book revealed to Isa 'alaihis-salam - was distorted; how words that belonged to people were put into firstly written four Gospels; that the theory of trinity is erroneous; the belief of Tawhid (the unity of Allahu ta’ala) in Islam. Besides, a few very precious letters - a food of a soul by Muhammad Ma’sûm-î Fârûkî - take place. Information about Judaism, Torah and Talmud is also given.
THE BOOK ‘O SON’
Al-hamdu lillâhi Rabbil ’âlamîn. Wa-s-salâtu wa-s-salâmu ’alâ
Rasûlinâ Muhammadin wa Âlihi wa Sahbihi ajma’în.
1– O son! Collecting from books written by the scholars of the
Hanafî Madhhab three hundred and sixty hadîth-i-sherîfs and
forty-four khabars and also the seven essentials and the five rukns
and the seven wâjibs and the fourteen sunnats and the twenty-five
mustahabs and the fourteen mufsids of namâz, I have explained
them for you. Adapt your acts and deeds to these teachings so that
you attain fayz and nejât (salvation)!
2– Also for your information, I have collected a thousand and
ninety âdâb (adabs) for you and for other young Muslims like you.
If you adapt your actions and acts of worship to these teachings,
they will be sufficient for you. If you laze, disobey Allâhu ta’âlâ
and cease from these practices and manners, you will be afflicted
with slavery and disgrace in the world and subjected to torment in
the world to come.
If you live up to them and advise your Muslim brothers to do
the same, it will be useful for you. They will say blessings over you.
And Haqq ta’âlâ will accept their invocations. For, a slave will be
pardoned on account of another slave’s invocations for them.