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Documents of the Right Word

A collection of small books written by Sunni scholars for answering Shi'a claims.

DOCUMENTS OF THE RIGHT

DOCUMENTS OF THE RIGHT WORD [The book HUJAJ-I-QAT’IYYA was written in the Arabic language by Abulberekât Abdullah Suwaydî of Baghdâd. It was printed in Egypt in 1323 [A.D. 1905], and reproduced by offset process in Istanbul. Its Turkish translation, by Allâma Yûsuf Suwaydî, was printed in the Kurdistan printhouse in Egypt in 1326 [A.D. 1908]. Suwaydî Abdullah Efendi was born in Baghdâd in 1104. After performing his duty of hajj in 1137, he was given an ijâzat (certificate, diploma) from Abdulghanî Nablusî [1050-1143] (A.D. 1730) Damascus], and another ijâzat by Alî Efendi of Istanbul [1099-1149]. He taught for years in Baghdâd. He wrote many valuable books. His thirtieth grandfather is Abû Ja’fer Abdullah Mensûr, one of the Abbâsî Khalîfas. Nâdir Shâh [1099- 1160 (A.D. 1746)], an Iranian ruler, convoked the scholars of Iran and Bukhara and commanded them to discuss and come to a bilateral conclusion on which one of the Sunnî and Shi’î groups was right, and they appointed him as president of the debate. The book HUJAJ-I-QAT’IYYA, which gives an account of the talks made in this assembly, is very valuable. After a long discussion with the Shiite scholars in this assembly, he (Abdullah Suwaydî) proved that the Sunnîs were right. The Shâh liked this and congratulated him. He passed away on the eleventh day, Saturday, of (the Arabic month) Shawwâl in 1174 [A.D. 1760]. He was buried near the tomb of Hadrat Ma’rûf-i-Kerhî ‘rahmatullâhi aleyh’, who had passed away in 200 [A.D. 815]. When Shâh Huseyn Safawî, the ninth and last king of the Safawid dynasty in Iran, was killed by the Afghans in 1142 [A.D. 1729], a state of chaos began in Persia. The Shâh’s son, Tahmâsib II, was an incompetent and pleasure-seeking person. Therefore his vizier named Nâdir took over. He expelled the Afghans out of Iran and recaptured the capital, Isfehân. He besieged Baghdâd, which was then governed by Ahmad Pasha. Eight months later an army commanded by Uthmân Pasha, whose nickname was Lame, arrived from Istanbul and repelled the Iranian army. Nâdir Shâh became the Shâh of Iran in 1148. He captured Delhi. He shed very much blood. Then he captured Afghanistan and Bukhâra. He was given the nickname (Shâhinshâh). He sent ambassadors to the Ottoman State and proposed to arrange a scientific discussion to decide which one of the Sunnî and Imâmiyya groups was the right one. Organizing a great army, he moved towards Baghdâd and Musul. Unable to capture them, he – 6 –

etreated to Nejef. In order to eliminate the disagreeing principles of belief between the Sunnîs and the Shi’îs and to unite the two groups in one by adhering to the right one, scholars from both groups came together upon the order of NÂDIR SHÂH. Abdullah Efendi made such detailed, scientific, mental and documental speeches in front of the whole assembly that the Shiites were short of answering him. [The questions asked and the answers given by both sides were compiled in a book and published with the title (HUJAJ-I-QAT’IYYA)]. Ahmad Pasha, Governor of Baghdâd, sent for me. When I went there Ahmad Agha, one of the officials of Ahmad Pasha, met me and said that the Pasha wanted to send me to Nâdir Shâh. I asked him why. He said, “The Shâh asked for a Sunnî scholar. You are to conduct a debate with the Shiite scholars to find out whether the Shiite tenets are right. If so, Shiism will be proclaimed as the fifth (true) madh-hab.” “O Ahmad Agha,” I said. “Don’t you know that the Persians are obstinate, headstrong people? Do you think they will admit my words? Especially their Shâh is cruel and proud. How can I state the documents showing that their way is wrong? How can one ever talk with them? They already deny the hadîth-i-sherîfs I am to put forward as documents. They reject the religious books. They interpret the âyat-i-kerîmas in such a manner as will suit their purposes. How can I prove to them the fact that it is permissible to make masah [1] on mests [2] when making ablution? This facility has been made permissible by the sunnat-i-seniyya. The hadîth-i-sherîf stating this permission has been narrated by more than seventy Sahabîs. One of them is Hadrat Alî ‘ker-rem-Allâhu wejheh’. If I tell them these facts, they will say that more than a hundred Sahabîs have reported that this facility is not permissible. If I tell them that the statements they look on as hadîth-i-sherîfs are mawdû’, that is, they have been fabricated afterwards, they will tell me the same thing. They will say, ‘Whatever you say, we will say it back to you.’ For this reason, I beg Hadrat Pasha to excuse me from this duty.” He said, “This is impossible. The Pasha has chosen you for this duty. You have to obey him. Don’t you ever object to his command.” [1] To wet the hands and rub them gently on mests. [2] Light, soleless leather boots worn with overshoes. – 7 –

  • Page 1 and 2: Hakikat Kitabevi Publications No: 1
  • Page 3 and 4: PART ONE DOCUMENTS OF THE RIGHT WOR
  • Page 5: Sunnî Muslims, and attain happines
  • Page 9 and 10: There were thousands of sentinels.
  • Page 11 and 12: He was short. He showed me a seat w
  • Page 13 and 14: Ibn-ul-Djawzî, for instance, says
  • Page 15 and 16: “Our knowledge about them is such
  • Page 17 and 18: pleasure of seeing his blessed lumi
  • Page 19 and 20: were serving whole- heartedly from
  • Page 21 and 22: his right.’ When our master the P
  • Page 23 and 24: He followed Rasûlullah’s example
  • Page 25 and 26: “No, it couldn’t be,” I said.
  • Page 27 and 28: him on account of these statements.
  • Page 29 and 30: Bukhârî-i-sherîf that ‘hadrat
  • Page 31 and 32: infallible. Yet it is wâjib for ev
  • Page 33 and 34: everything. If the (following) pers
  • Page 35 and 36: hikmats should exist either in All
  • Page 37 and 38: justice. The right that Allâhu ta
  • Page 39 and 40: master Rasûlullah’s ‘sall-All
  • Page 41 and 42: and the Ensârs [1] and the Sons of
  • Page 43 and 44: “Furthermore, the word (Wâli) us
  • Page 45 and 46: true, it would signify love for the
  • Page 47 and 48: hadrat ’Umar?” “That marriage
  • Page 49 and 50: clear out all the heretical element
  • Page 51 and 52: ud-dawla (Grand Vizier) left the Sh
  • Page 53 and 54: to make me the Shâh in the meeting
  • Page 55 and 56: i-’Ulâmâ (Molla Alî Ekber), th
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    PART TWO TRANSLATION (OF THE BOOK)

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    writings, and convincing everybody

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    Thunder is his voice. And thunderbo

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    Him on to the Arsh, yet He is more

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    was retained by the Qarâmitîs for

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    flow into Aral Sea, is called Mâve

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    Allâhu alaihi wa sallam’ was abo

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    incur punishment. An example of thi

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    the good news that he shall go to P

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    Abû Hanîfa ‘radiy-Allâhu anh

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    world, nor in the Hereafter.” To

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    âyat of Kehf sûra purports, “As

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    these people have to change their c

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    accepted the caliphate of Abû Bekr

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    commentaries for Aqâid-i-Nesefiyya

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    ’azîz.” Thus he informed that

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    the âyat-i-kerîma purports, “Do

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    Rifâî [512-578 (C.E. 1183), in Um

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    cursing his (supposed) enemies inst

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    wâjib for them to follow the way a

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    company. Mu'âwiya appointed him go

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    Hadîja for a while, and added), an

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    PART THREE THE BOOK TEZKIYA-I-AHL-I

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    consider Islam to consist of loving

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    and after attaining such a perfect

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    Sunni Muslims would make anyone the

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    common practice. Later it was forbi

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    had happened, he put his blessed sp

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    “Though it was hadrat Alî’s ri

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    it, thus depriving him of getting u

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    that after him Abdullah bin ’Umar

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    hadrat Fâtimâ, offended, harboure

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    not know that his not voting for ha

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    Ibrâhîm bin Ad-ham ‘rahimahull

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    fostered by Abdullah Ibni ’Umar

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    ‘alaihis-salâm’: O Prophet of

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    them, the Ummat-i-Muhammad (Muslims

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    Kawthar. He who wishes to enter Par

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    weep, the Sahâbîs in the Mesjîd-

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    ecoming Believers. They became Ras

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    u-thenâ (thanking, praising and la

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    e powerful enough to enforce the re

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    mischief). There is no resting for

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    in Islam and caused millions of Mus

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    travelled in Muslim countries for t

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    ook unto the floor. You were conste

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    Iranian people?” This faqîr (I)

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    sinner rejected by the Imâm for hi

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    thus leading to a long era of blasp

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    mercy and compassion to His slaves

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    (in jamâ’at) behind another pers

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    ul-haqâyiq), (Al-fâz-i-qudsiyya)

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    that will be inflicted on Pharaoh t

  • Page 163 and 164:

    Çald›ran in 920 [A.D. 1514] were

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    these books and confuted them with

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    Khalîfas. And yet in this occasion

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    clearly at the end of the Jum’a (

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    swerved from the way guided by Qur

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    The hundred and second (102nd) âya

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    The forty-third âyat of Baqara sû

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    sitting on a rock, he had (some ây

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    have quoted earlier Allâhu ta’â

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    ocean of knowledge. He received fay

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    e rewarded rather than punished, i.

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    Ismâ’îliyya. It is written in t

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    among hadîth-i-sherîfs, and if th

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    thought Imâm-i-A’zam was the gre

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    matter as if it were something impo

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    differ from one another only in a f

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    ooks telling about the virtues of t

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    ‘rahmatullâhi aleyh’, quote Ab

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    17- Heretics attempt to call things

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    and as (Allah’s) compassion on th

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    prohibited Jewry to eat all sorts o

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    eleventh and the twelfth days, fift

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    years. After all, Muslims’ sacred

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    people on account of some worldly d

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    PART FIVE O MY BROTHER! IF YOU WISH

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    convert of Yemen who was contempora

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    wa sallam’ sent forth hadrat Abû

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    When a Prophet passes away, the pro

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    is harâm for him to do Taqiyya. It

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    ’Uthmân Zinnûreyn and Abd-ur-Ra

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    hesitate. Kill him there, right awa

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    due to hadrat Âisha-i-Siddîqa. As

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    Benî Mustalaq. Supposing that the

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    collected from Africa to Merwân. H

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    ’Uthmân’s governors and comman

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    Messenger said, “No.” They aske

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    historical topics. Guest-houses and

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    Allâhu ta’âlâ anhâ’ are inn

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    Âisha was that they (Rasûlullah a

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    that I sobbed bitterly. My father w

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    slandered myself. Wallahi I have no

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    men.” Rasûlullah and hadrat Âis

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    Allâhu alaihi wa sallam’ pronoun

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    into a mere system of fanaticism an

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    in Qur’ân al-kerîm and in hadî

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    written curse against the first two

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    with water half of which is blood o

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    this situation, too. He secretly in

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    persecutions inflicted by them.”

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    intentions, Hasan ‘radiy-Allâhu

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    the petitioner and I am the Sultân

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    prevent fitna and that the murderer

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    would come to his dungeon and he wo

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    numbers and being sent even to vill

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    aynayn. We have summarized and tran

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    these two noble persons, whom the M

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    groups of renegades. He sent a troo

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    a great army in Istanbul and was ma

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    “Be quiet.” They dispersed. Mu

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    of Egypt, for four years during had

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    Hurûfîs vituperate the three Khal

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    y the As-hâb-i-kirâm. All the tea

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    Fâris and Kermân. Abdullah bin Ab

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    evoking the order of his governoshi

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    twenty-ninth page of the abridged v

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    Shiites’ animus. As a matter of f

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    military colleagues in the Holy War

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    Hadrat Alî is a foundation pillar

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    people. Only after these stages did

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    under his command. Or, at least, he

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    from the Messenger of Allah, I was

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    genuine ijtihâd. There is no doubt

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    Zekiyya, declared his imâmat in Me

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    hurt their father, Ya’qûb ‘ala

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    these blessed people as a result of

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    Mu’min (Believer) or a Muslimân

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    less for calling him a Prophet. Kri

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    Lexical meaning of the word Din (re

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    world a permanent fruit of piety or

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    Islamic religion and persecute and

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    and that cruelty and mischief will

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    history we Muslims have taken many

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    Muslims promised to be free from He

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    THIRD VOLUME, HUNDRED and TWENTY-FO

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    easoning, a little consideration to

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    ‘radiy-Allâhu ta’âlâ anhum

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    of Allah, who deputized him in the

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    PART SIX WHAT IS PROPHETHOOD MUHAMM

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    communicate the fact that Allâhu t

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    (rahmatullâhi ’alaih) explaining

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    INTRODUCTION I WHAT DOES PROPHETHOO

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    INTRODUCTION II WHAT DOES MU’JIZA

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    seeing a mu’jiza, the intellect b

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    ARTICLE I BI’THAT: THE SENDING OF

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    (message!’ was Allah. And knowing

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    Allâhu ta’âlâ has created men

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    10- “The intellect does the thing

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    explained before, there are many th

  • Page 359 and 360:

    value of which is clarified by Prop

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    Muhammad (’alaihi ’s-salâm) is

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    some people at some place and at so

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    Answer: The Sahâbat al-kirâm’s

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    kerîm’s eloquence, realized that

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    known by those who are cognizant of

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    Fakhr ad-dîn ar-Râzî. Muhammad (

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    PART SEVEN A BIOGRAPHY of IMÂM-I-

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    towards Allâhu ta’âlâ and lift

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    had never been revealed by anyone b

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    grades of Fanâ and Baqâ. Upon thi

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    We shall quote a few of the sayings

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    He stated: Ghaws-ul-a’zam (Abd-ul

  • Page 385 and 386:

    were his adherents and disciples su

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    ta’âlâ. Anyone disliked and rej

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    When he was twenty-four years old,

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    he entered his presence and begged:

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    from them cannot be tallied. The fa

  • Page 395 and 396:

    Urwa-t-ul-wusqa Muhammad Ma’thûm

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    pays. Shame on a person who spends

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    Muhammad Ma’thûm are scholars of

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    espect, the saying, “There cannot

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    and keeps away from such things as

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    FIRST VOLUME, 50th LETTER Ma’âri

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    a result of this wrong reasoning th

  • Page 409 and 410:

    it. The same amount of fayz cannot

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    heart is now so oblivious of the m

  • Page 413 and 414:

    and Baqâ are his attributes. Wilâ

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    No one except our Prophet was taken

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    y Allâhu ta’âlâ.” Hadrat ’

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    prohibitions, worships coming from

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    coming from Siddîq-i-ekber and thr

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    SECOND VOLUME, 62nd LETTER Man’s

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    Taarruf, [namely, Abû Is-haq Muham

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    deeds. They say that men’s action

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    in Qur’ân al-kerîm and in the (

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    consequences of our ill deeds. The

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    example of this type is the way cho

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    Allâhu ta’âlâ purports, “To

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    guides us in this way and adapt our

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    THIRD VOLUME, 252nd LETTER The fayz

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    PART EIGHT TRANSLATION OF THE BOOK

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    FASL 1- O my beloved son and faithf

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    demolished! If you assert that this

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    your learning was intended to hoard

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    15- If knowledge alone would be suf

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    cannot be followed, either, under t

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    he is likely to face in the grave.

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    Muslims as enemies; I never believe

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    Abd-ul-hakîm Arwasî was a Walî;

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    een deemed necessary to write the t

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    ights and being idle. Contentment m

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    he had gathered from his resources

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    positions. Like every mortal being,

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    8- “What has handicapped efforts

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    West could never be a counterfeiter

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    world caused suffering and inconven

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    Europe, America and Russia. Space t

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    PART TEN COMMUNISM AND COMMUNISTS

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    socialism or communism. The terms s

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    iron curtains. From 1927 to 1939, s

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    thousand officers executed together

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    protect us from saying so! - did no

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    y attaching the titles of free stat

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    The Russian revolution slaughtered

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    with religious knowledge and with I

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    the halter being held by the Caliph

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    - 493 -

  • Page 495 and 496:

    - 495 -

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