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3 March 2018

4 Saturday,

4 Saturday, March 3, 2018 National KARACHI: Head office: 509, Land Mark Plaza, I.I Chundrigar Road, Karachi, Pakistan. Ph: +9221-32214988- 32214990, Fax: +9221-32214989 messengerdaily@yahoo.com, editor@dailymessenger.com.pk Chief Editor: Muhammad Taqi Alvi Associate Editor: Ali Razavi - Editor Special Reports: Muhammad Rafique Rajpar Hyderabad Bureau Chief: Abbas Kassar - Islamabad Bureau Chief: Hameedullah Khan ISLAMABAD –– LAHORE –– RAWALPINDI –– KARACHI CONTROVERSIES, truths and lies surround the issues related to oil in Pakistan, as is the situation elsewhere in some other oil producing and exporting countries including and especially in the Muslim world. A former oil minister was under trial on charges of financial corruption too in Pakistan. REVOLUTIONS and overthrow of regimes has taken place on oil issue: It's said that foreign companies who have technological know-how and expertise take wrong advantage of wealth of nations deprived by foreign installed governments in their war on human and natural resources of leaders and masses here and there around the world, especially the oil rich Muslim blocs run as if by chief executives of some commercial enterprise, cartels or big business corporations. BADIN crude, though of high quality and low in sulphur, has limitations for refining as it contains high percentage of wax and has to be mixed with imported crude oil. This has resulted in surplus Badin crude, to the level of 9,000-10,000 bpd, which was exported until 2005. Export of crude oil has emerged again since June 2014 as the government has allowed petroleum producers to ship surplus quantities to foreign buyers in the wake of availability of large quantities of ultra-light crude oil (condensate, coming out of gas-fields) that is difficult to process in most of local refineries. Resultantly, crude oil has now a significant share in Pakistan’s exports of the petroleum group amounting to $ 586 million in 2014-15. PRODUCTION of oil placed Pakistan on global ranking of 42nd among 98 oil-producing countries. From 10,000 bpd in 1980s, crude oil production increased to 60,000 bpd in 1990s, but remained static until the 2,000s. It was only in 2013 that oil production jumped to 80,800 bpd, having achieved Robert J Samuelson (Wide Angle) Anyone who tells you that dealing with climate change is simply a matter of sweeping away the obstructionism of oil companies is living in a dream world. The real obstacle is us - our vast dependence on fossil fuels and the difficulty of extricating ourselves without crippling the world economy. It's true that the Trump administration has withdrawn from the Paris climate agreement, making any transition harder. But the problems transcend President Trump's disengagement, as a new study from the oil giant BP makes clear. Reading it, you might think it came from an environmental group. The study's central conclusion, writes BP chief executive Bob Dudley, is that many anti-global warming policies fall "well short of" what's "necessary to achieve the Paris climate goals. We need a far more decisive break from the past." The study projects global energy supply and demand to 2040 to see if environmentally friendly policies make significant progress against global warming. It assumes a larger role for "renewables" - mostly wind and solar power - and other policies that would dampen fossil fuel consumption. Consider: * Electric cars make large advances compared with a negligible role today. By 2040, the number of electric vehicles worldwide hits 300 million out of 2 billion total vehicles (roughly a doubling of today's total). More important, these electric vehicles account for a disproportionate share of driving, about 30 per cent. As a result, there's no increase in oil and liquid fuel demand for cars and light vehicles, despite an assumed doubling in worldwide travel. * There's a continued boom in solar and wind power. From now until 2040, these renewables are the fastest-growing source of energy, increasing five-fold. As a share of global primary fuel consumption, the gain is from 4 per cent to 14 per cent. Their impact on electricity generation is even greater, rising from 7 per cent in 2016 to 25 per cent in 2040. * Electric utilities continue to switch to natural gas as their primary fuel from coal, EDITORIAL Where is heavy load of oil and cash going even today? OPINION a high of 98,000 bpd in November 2014. Crude oil production registered 91,000 bpd in May 2015 and 93,000 bpd in June 2015. PITIFULLY, Pakistan's share in total consumption of oil was about 10% until 1980s. Where does that other heavy load of oil goes? It needs a probe. It's said that foreign oil companies give a paltry single digit percentage to government and reaps most of the other financial and non financial rewards. One reason is that foreign companies have some know how, equipment and technology they won't give, except one way terms not favorable to Pakistan. If properly held accountable, Pakistan can save on double digit billions in oil import, satisfy domestic demands from internal oil production, and even export surplus oil to other countries. Present indigenous oil meets about 23% of total national demand of the oil refineries in the country. An integrated network of pipeline exists for transportation of indigenous crude oil to the refineries. Indeed, the availability of indigenous crude oil expands the opportunity to meet growing demand of oil and to reduce Pakistan's dependence on imports, but it is imperative for the government to accord high priority to developing the sector expeditiously. It may be advisable for the government to revisit the Petroleum Exploration & Production Policy in vogue, since discoveries are correlated with drilling efforts. Question that arises since many decades past up to now: Where is heavy load of oil and cash going? Iranians demonstrated and toppled their imperial majesty on issues that included oil and revenue and its exploitation by foreign companies. Same is the situation in many Arab nations in Middle East and Gulf countries. Answers to this question are expected by many nations from respective rulers! Why a world without oil is easier said than done which has much higher carbon emissions. About half the growth in natural gas consumption reflects this switching. Against this backdrop, you'd expect significant progress in curbing greenhouse gases. Not so. Just the opposite: Total use of fossil fuels (oil, natural gas and coal) is projected to increase almost 20 per cent between 2016 and 2040. The electric cars, renewables and fuel switching merely offset some - but not all - of the added energy demand from population and economic growth. The BP study assumes a world population of 9.2 billion in 2040, up from 7.4 billion in 2016. Over the same period, the global economy doubles its output. What this means is that greenhouse gases are still pouring into the atmosphere, albeit at a slower rate. There's a slight shift away from fossil fuels. In 2016, these fuels provided 85 per cent of world energy. The projection for 2040 is 74 per cent, even with favourable assumptions about renewables and electric vehicles. Virtually all the energy increase is projected to come from developing countries for factories, offices, homes, air conditioners and heaters. India and China alone account for half the increase in energy use by 2040. Governments, says Spencer Dale, BP's chief economist, should discourage the use of fossil fuels through either a carbon tax or a "tax and trade" system. That could unleash hordes of companies and entrepreneurs to find ways to limit emissions. "If we don't like something (greenhouse gases), the easiest way to get less of it is to put a price on it," Dale says. Indeed, this could herald a "decisive break" from the past. But it might also break public opinion, at least in the United States. How high would prices have to go to prove Dale's point? To succeed, the price increase might have to be fairly stiff - say, $2 or $3 a gallon for gasoline -and that might be far more than what would be acceptable. Suppressing greenhouse gases is, at best, a thorny policy issue encompassing technology, atmospheric science, international relations and practical politics. Put them all together and, at worst, it could be mission impossible. Balochi Cultural Day celebrated at Sindh University Jamshoro Speakers term Shaikh Ayaz trend-setter in modern Sindhi verse JAMSHORO: Baloch Culture Day celebrated at SU. By Talat Mehmood JAMSHORO: Speakers have termed legendary poet of Sindh Mubarak Ali Ayaz popularly known as Shaikh Ayaz a poet who introduced innovative trends in Sindhi poetry on account of his vast study of occidental poetic Dr. Burfat, in his presidential remarks on the eve, said that Ayaz throbbed in every heart in Sindh due to enchanting, appealing and ecstatic attributes of his romantic poetry. “I am indeed elated to head the university once tradition, his immense headed by poet laureate of power of imagination and his unique unparalleled creative flair. It was a special program organized by Institute of Sindh Shaikh Ayaz”, Dr. Burfat remarked. Dr. Burfat further said that poetic translation of Shah Latif’s ‘Risalo’ in Sindhology, University of Urdu was a milestone Sindh, Jamshoro to commemorate accomplishment of Shaikh 95th birth Ayaz. anniversary of the iconic bard at Syed Hissamuddin Rashdi Auditorium of the “I am indeed happy to inaugurate establishment of Shaikh Ayaz Corner at the institute. The event was museum of Institute of presided over by VC-SU Prof. Dr. Fateh Muhammad Burfat; whereas, Senator Sassui Palijo graced it as a Chief Guest. Sindhology. I take it as a most pleasant, welcome and appropriate step”, he said. Dr. Burftat also compared poetry of Shaikh Ayaz Staff Report BADIN: A passenger van collided with a riksha along Talhar road near Tando Bago caused three passengers including Allah Bux and Niaz Zangejo died on the spot while 13 passengers including 4 students were injured.The injured were rushed to Taluka hospital Tando to sweet scent absorbed in hearts and breath of people of Sindh. Senator Sassui Palijo – the event chief guest said that Shaikh Ayaz was one of the extensively read individuals in Sindh. She added that not only Ayaz’s poetry but prose was also mellifluous. “Each couplet, each stanza, each short and long Passenger van collides with riksha, 3 died, 13 injured near Tando Bago Bureau Chief HYDERABAD: For the solutions of their genuine problems, SAU officers and employees will go on hunger strike till death from Monday 5th March; An awareness rally was also taken,which started from Faculty of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Sciences to Administration Block Yesterday. Various Professors including Dr. Mujhaid Leghari, Dr. Zahoor Soomro visited the token strike camp to show the unity with SAU officers and employees for the real solution of problems and against corruption. Talking to Media and Employees as well as officers Hussain Bux Veesar, Faqeer Muhammad Dhol,AshfaqAhmed Babar, Bago for treatment while 6 ijured people were told non stable condition and refered to Hyderabad. Police reached the spot and further inquiry was underway. SAU officers, employees to go on hunger strike till death on Monday AIOU to hold Int’ l moot on Pakistani languages ISLAMABAD Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) will hold an international conference on Pakistani languages in third week of this month to promote national integrity and cohesion. The AIOU with 1.3 million students, having its 44 regional offices all over the country is a symbol of national integration and the forthcoming event will push forward the University’s efforts to achieve this cherished goal, said Vice Chancellor Prof. Dr. Shahid Siddiqui. It will be the second such event in the recent years that aimed to maintain national unity through language and literature. Academicians and researchers from various Universities have been invited to deliberate on the topic ‘Colonial Literature and Pakistani languages’. Asgher Khaskheli, Hyder Bux Junejo, Ghulam Rasool Vistro and other Leaders said that nepotism and favoritism is being done in present selection board ignoring the merit and justice to the righteous candidates. The juniors are promoted and seniors were skipped. They further said that there is no option left but to go for hunger strike till death. We will strive for justice and give our life to save the Alma matter. It is also a sad moment that SAU authorities are unable to pay the pensions to the retired employees including Professor Munawar Khushk and Mr. Karam Puno Additional Registrar due the huge deficit in current budget. SIBI: A boy take interest in gun during centuries old fiveday historic Sibi traditional Mela. poem in almost all genres by Ayaz reflects the depth, width, breadth and unfathomable scope of his observation, intuition, intellect, experience and imagination”, Ms. Paljo said. Sassui called herself lucky to have been born in an epoch that allowed her to see Ayaz in person. “I see further need for serious research on those aspects of poetry of Ayaz that are still unearthed, and I reckon those are numerous”, she iterated. Renowned story writer and guest of honor Madad Ali Sindhi said that Shaikh Ayaz was deeply impressed by leftist intellectual Hashoo Kewalramani. He termed Ayaz as poet of revolution who fueled hearts of youth by the power and poignancy of his poetry. 16 injured after bus over turns at Sakrand By Vijay kumar S H A H E E D BENAZIRABAD: At least 16 people have been injured and no one died yet, after bus overturned near Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary and Animal Science Sakrand; District Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh. Photograph published by local news media showed the bus lying on its side with fully speed, suddenly overturned badly. Rescuers were attempting to reach passengers trapped in the wreckage, The driver of the bus had been detained by police, agencies said, after he lost control of the vehicle. The injured including men, women and children, police said. It was not immediately known what real caused the incident. 4 anti-encroachment officers transferred, 2 suspended By Abdul Rauf SUKKUR: Tug of war between the taxation officers and land grant officials has been heightened, which according to the informed sources is due to the removal of encroachments from the city area. According to the reports, four officials of antiencroachment team have been transferred, while of the officials have been suspended and one has been issued with show-cause notice by the competent authority. According to the orders issued by the Municipal Commissioner Mansoor Ahmed today, Anwar Soomro has been transferred from Land Grant department to Parks department, while Jamal Gadani has been transferred to health department, Hamid Bhutto and Khalid Bhutto have been transferred to New Taluka with immediate effect. Similarly, Kamran Memon and Adnan Memon have been suspended and Land Grant officer Manzar Zaidi has been issued with showcause notice for misbehaving with the lower staff.

Suicide car bomber hits Kabul KABUL: At least four people have been wounded in a suicide bombing in the Afghan capital, Kabul, according to government officials. The explosion took place on Friday near a vehicle belonging to foreign workers in the eastern part of the city, Najib Danish, a spokesperson for the interior ministry, said. Bismillah Tabaan, a police commander, confirmed the cause of the blast was a suicide bombing, Reuters news agency reported. Eyewitnesses said at least one person was killed in the blast, and DAMASCUS: France has joined the US and Britain in threatening Damascus with possible airstrikes in the event of further chemical weapons use in Syria. four others wounded, TOLO news reported. There was no immediate claim of responsibility for Their threats on Friday came as terrorist groups continued shelling a safe corridor declared by the Syrian government for civilians to leave Eastern Ghouta. Takfiri terrorists have the explosion. The Afghan capital has seen a spate of deadly attacks carried out by the turned the enclave on the suburbs of Damascus to a launch pad for mortar attacks on the Syrian capital. The Syrian army is currently in the midst of an operation to drive the terrorists out of Eastern Ghouta, but it is facing a hostile West threatening attacks on Syrian troops which it accuses of targeting civilians. Western leaders were quick to point the finger at the Syrian government after reports of chlorine release in Eastern Ghouta last week. For years, foreignbacked militants have appeared to release chemical substances in the areas close to the site of government airstrikes and capture the aftermath on videos. French President Taliban and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as ISIS) group, whose Prince William to visit Palestinian territories, Israel LONDON: Prince William will be the first senior British royal to make an official visit to Israel and the Palestinian Territories, as part of a tour announced Thursday by Kensington Palace which will also take in Jordan. The visit this summer by the second in line to the throne “is at the request of Her Majesty’s government and has been welcomed by the Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian authorities”, the palace said in a statement. There have been no previous official visits by members of the British royal family to the Palestinian Territories. Palestinian President Mahmud Abbas welcomed this summer’s “important” affiliate in Afghanistan has grown in recent years. In January, Taliban claimed responsibility for two separate attacks that killed nearly 130 people. The blast comes two days after Afghan President Ashraf Ghani offered to recognise the Taliban as a legitimate political group, as part of a proposed process he said could lead to talks aimed at ending more than 16 years of war. On Thursday, Taliban fighters killed at least six policemen in an attack at a checkpoint in southern Afghanistan, officials said. Emmanuel Macron and his US counterpart Donald Trump vowed there would be "no impunity" in the event of further chemical weapons use in Syria in a telephone call Friday. Macron "stressed there will be a firm response in the case of proven use of chemical weapons leading to the death of civilians, in close coordination with our American allies," a statement from the French presidency said. "France and the United States will not tolerate impunity," the statement said, adding the leaders also urged Russia to put "maximum pressure" on Damascus to commit to a UN ceasefire across Syria. Syria and Russia have already declared a unilateral ceasefire across Syria, but that does not include areas held by Daesh, al-Qaeda and al-Nusra Front along with "individuals, groups, undertakings and entities" associated with the terrorist groups. France has repeatedly warned that evidence of further use of chemical weapons in Syria is a "red line" that would prompt Saturday, March 3, 2018 International West, silent on Damascus shelling, threatens Ghouta action US, UK instructed terrorists to use chemicals near Syria capital DAMASCUS: The US, the UK and other western states have given terrorist groups instructions to stage a chemical attack in the Eastern Ghouta suburb of Damascus and pin it on the government, a Syrian military source says. Citing confidential information, the source said Eastern Ghouta-based terror organizations, including al-Nusra Front, Faylaq al-Rahman andAhrar al-Sham, are preparing for another “spectacle on the alleged use of chemical weapons by the Syrian Arab Army,” the official SANA news agency reported on Thursday. Under instructions from the Western countries, including the US and the UK, the terrorists would deploy the chemicals “near the front lines with the Syrian army and target civilians and accuse the Syrian State and army of this act,” the source added. GHOUTA: A picture shows flames erupting in the horizon following a reported rocket attack in Eastern Ghouta suburb of the Syrian capital Damascus. State of emergency declared in PNG after major quake Dr SJA Jafri Bureau Chief Australia SYDNEY: A state of emergency has been declared in Papua New Guinea’s remote highlands after a major earthquake shook the region in what Prime Minister Peter O’Neill said was an "unprecedented disaster" for local communities. O’Neill said his government was working to restore services and provide aid to the affected Hela, Southern Highlands, Western and Enga provinces in the Pacific nation’s mountainous interior. "This is an unprecedented disaster in the Highlands region and the appropriate response is underway by the national government," O’Neill said in a statement late Thursday. "A state of emergency has been declared to expedite the restoration of essential public services including healthcare services, schools, road access, airports, power and communications facilities." The PNG leader added that 450 million kina (US$140 million) had been allocated by the government for disaster relief. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) said Thursday that it was contributing a further US$221,000 to support the relief operations. There have been multiple and conflicting reports of casualties amid severely impacted communications and poor access to the affected areas. One administrator in Hela told PNG’s The National newspaper on Friday that at least seven people had died in the 7.5-magnitude quake on Monday, which struck 90 kilometres (55 miles) south of Porgera in Enga province. visit. “We look forward to contributing to strengthening the bonds of friendship between the two peoples,” a statement from the Palestinian presidency on official news agency WAFA said. William will be the first close relation of Queen Elizabeth II to make an official visit to Israel, following trips made previously by the monarch’s cousins the Duke of Kent and the Duke of Gloucester. Other foreign trips made by royals, such as attendance at funerals or weddings, are not made at the request of Britain’s Foreign Office and are therefore not classed as official visits. Israel police grill Netanyahu on new fraud cases JERUSALEM: Israeli police arrived on Friday at Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s home where media reports said they were to question him for an eighth time over allegations of fraud and bribery. A foreign journalist saw detectives arriving at Netanyahu’s official Jerusalem residence in two vehicles at around 9 am (0700 GMT). Police issued no official confirmation that questioning was under way. 17 dead as Turkish helicopters hit pro-government forces in Syria's Afrin DAMASCUS: Turkish military helicopters, operating as part of an unauthorized campaign in Syria’s Afrin, have reportedly targeted a group of pro-government forces defending the northern region. The attack, first reported by the London-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights on Friday, was carried out by three choppers in a village north of Afrin, in northwestern parts of the Arab country. According to the Observatory, 14 of the dead belonged to the pro-Damascus forces that had entered Afrin last week to defend the region against Turkey’s ‘Operation Olive Branch,’ which is targeted at militants from the Kurdish People’s Protection Units (YPG) controlling Afrin. Putin, before vote, unveils ‘invincible’ nuclear weapons to counter West MOSCOW: President Vladimir Putin announced an array of new nuclear weapons on Thursday, in one of his most bellicose speeches in years, saying they could hit almost any point in the world and evade a U.S.-built missile shield. Putin was speaking ahead of an election on March 18 that polls indicate he should win easily. He said a nuclear attack on any of Moscow’s allies would be regarded as an attack on Russia itself and draw an immediate response. It was unclear if he had a particular Russian ally, such as Syria, in mind, but his comments looked like a warning to Washington not to use tactical battlefield nuclear weapons. His remarks were greeted with scepticism in Washington, where officials cast doubt on whether Russia has added any new capabilities to its nuclear arsenal beyond those already known to the U.S. military and intelligence agencies. B O L L Y W O O D : Bollywood actor Priyanka Chopra has penned an emotional tribute to the iconic Sridevi. The Bollywood superstar accidentally drowned in a Dubai hotel bathtub late Saturday night sending shockwaves across the world. As several celebrities recalled their interactions with the actor, Chopra too paid tribute to her. “She was born for the silver screen. As an artist who found her calling at the age of 4, she swapped playgrounds for movie sets and friends for directors, and made 70-mm film her canvas. By her own admission, she would have it no other way. Born as Shree Amma Yanger Ayyapan, she changed the course of Indian cinema when she became Sridevi,” Chopra wrote in Time Magazine. Crediting Sridevi for being “India’s first female superstar”, Chopra recalled the former’s work in different languages and how she conquered hearts. “Sridevi was India’s first female superstar and at the time of her passing, on Feb. 24 at 54, had starred in close to 300 movies over five decades. She enthralled audiences across the globe in a variety of Indian languages (Telugu, Tamil, Kannada, Malayalam and Hindi). She owned every frame of every film she was in—without the need of a male co-star, bringing in audiences and setting the box office alight, firmly on her own shoulders,” she added. “Everyone wanted her and wanted to be like her. French strikes. Washington has asked the UN Security Council to set up a new inquiry on 5 Priyanka Chopra pens emotional tribute to Sridevi BAKU: Twenty-five people perished in a fire which tore through a drug rehabilitation clinic in the Azerbaijani capital Baku early Friday, with activists saying safety standards had not been met. Video footage broadcast on local television showed huge flames leaping through barred windows of a one-storey wooden hospital ward. It took some three hours for 10 squads of firefighters and rescuers from the emergencies ministry to extinguish the blaze, the APA news agency reported. President Ilham Aliyev, who went to the scene, has set up a governmental commission to probe the cause of the blaze and ordered financial aid to be allocated for the families of She could be childlike, grown up, funny, serious, beguiling, sexy—she was the ultimate actor. Sridevi leaves behind a legacy that will live beyond us all, a legacy built on the foundation of pure dedication, talent, hard work and a sprinkle of fairy dust that was showered on her by the Gods!,” Chopra further said. 25 dead in Azerbaijan drug rehab centre fire YANGON: Myanmar on Friday defended deploying fresh troops to a border zone with Bangladesh where thousands of Rohingya refugees are camped, blaming a militant threat as Dhaka called for an immediate retreat to lower tensions along the troubled frontier. The increased security presence this week has centred around a strip of "no man s land" between the two countries where some 6,000 Rohingya sought shelter after fleeing a brutal Myanmar army crackdown last August. the victims, his office said. "At 06:10 am a fire broke out at the Republican Narcological Centre in Baku," the General prosecutor s Office, the health, interior and emergencies ministries said in a joint statement. "According to the latest data, 25 people died in the fire," said the updated statement, which initially put the death toll at 24. Myanmar defends troop build-up on Bangladesh border near Rohingya camp The military campaign drove some 700,000 Rohingya across the border in total, with most travelling on to sprawling refugee settlements in Bangladesh s southeastern border district of Cox s Bazar. The UN has accused Myanmar of waging an ethnic cleansing campaign against the Muslim minority. Syria on frontline of fight against enemies of Islam: Ayatollah Khamenei TEHRAN: TEHRAN: Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei says Syria is on the frontline of the fight against the enemies of Islam. "Syria today is on the frontline, so our duty is to support the Syrian resistance," Ayatollah Khamenei told Syrian Minister of Religious Endowments (Awqaf) Mohammad Abdul-Sattar al-Sayyed in Tehran on Thursday. Noting that "the abasement of some nations derives from the abasement of their leaders," Ayatollah Khamenei said, "The enemy cannot do anything against a dignified nation whose leaders proudly feel dignity in Islam and in their identity." The Leader went on to say, "The durability of the revolution of the Iranian nation showed that what the US, Europe and the world's nuclear powers want is not necessarily realizable." "If all of us and the elements of the resistance front in the region remain firm, the enemies cannot do anything." TEHRAN: Leader of the Islamic Revolution Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei (1st R) meets with Syrian Minister of Religious Endowments (Awqaf) Mohammad Abdul-Sattar al- Sayyed (2nd R) and his accompanying delegation. chemical weapons attacks, for which the Syrian government has repeatedly denied responsibility.

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