5 months ago

Annual Performance Plan 508

Annual Performance Plan 508

Research and Evaluations

Research and Evaluations Informing Goal 4: Build Inclusive and Sustainable Communities Free From Discrimination RECENTLY COMPLETED RESEARCH AND EVALUATIONS Housing Discrimination Against Racial and Ethnic Minorities 2012. Beginning in 1977, HUD has rigorously monitored trends in racial and ethnic discrimination in both rental and sales markets approximately once each decade through a series of nationwide pair-testing studies. This study, the fourth thus far, measured the incidence and forms of discrimination experienced by minority renters and homebuyers. The study found that the most blatant forms of housing discrimination, such as refusing to meet with a minority home-seeker or provide information about any available units, have declined since the initial 1977 study. However, less blatant discrimination persists: minority home-seekers are told about and shown fewer homes and apartments than whites. As a result, minority home-seekers’ housing search costs increase and their choices are constrained. An Estimate of Housing Discrimination Against Same-Sex Couples. This study was the first large-scale, pairtested study to assess housing discrimination against same-sex couples in metropolitan rental markets via Internet advertisements. The study found that same-sex couples experience discrimination in the online rental housing market relative to heterosexual couples. Spatial Analysis of Choice Neighborhoods Initiative Planning Grant Applicants and Neighborhoods. The Choice Neighborhoods Initiative is a competitive grant program that directs investment to neighborhoods characterized by high rates of poverty and severely distressed housing, building on the success of the HOPE VI program. This report summarized the findings of research on the first three years of the Choice Neighborhoods Initiative, with a focus on the Choice Planning Grants and the neighborhoods identified by Choice Planning Grant applicants. Most applicant neighborhoods had majority minority populations and were less diverse than their surroundings. Over the past two decades, applicant neighborhoods showed improvements in educational attainment and labor force participation, but remained highly distressed in terms of poverty, unemployment, and low incomes. This trend underscores the need for programs such as Choice to address deeply entrenched disadvantages. Study of Household Transition from the Disaster Housing Assistance Program (DHAP-Katrina). The Disaster Housing Assistance Program provided a time-limited, declining rental subsidy and case management services to households that were affected by Hurricanes Rita and Katrina and still did not have permanent housing two years after the storms. The study evaluated post-program outcomes for households seven years after the storms, finding that DHAP-Katrina provided much-needed housing assistance for a vulnerable population. However, four years after the hurricanes, more than half of DHAP-Katrina participants still had no permanent housing solution without using Housing Choice Vouchers for continued assistance. This research demonstrates that some short-term or emergency disaster recipients will need longer-term or even permanent housing assistance after the disaster assistance has ended. Also, post-disaster case management should include job skills development, stable income from employment, and increased access to cash benefits in order to facilitate longterm housing stability and self-sufficiency. Sustainable Construction in Indian Country. As mandated by Congress, in FY 2011 HUD launched an initiative to support and increase sustainable construction in Native American communities. HUD has published a report on this initiative describing key findings. For example, many obstacles to sustainable development in Indian 146 Section Three: Additional Information

Country are the same as the obstacles to conventional development in Indian Country. The report noted that strong enthusiasm exists among those who are implementing sustainable technologies, and that more tribes wanted help with sustainable design and construction than were able to receive it. A companion report, “Best Practices in Tribal Housing,” provides 17 case studies. LGBT-friendly senior housing in Philadelphia Section Three: Additional Information 147